Josep Lluís Trapero Álvarez
|Major dels Mossos d'Esquadra|
Josep Lluís Trapero Álvarez
Badalona, Catalonia, Spain
Open University of Catalonia|
Institut de Seguretat Pública de Catalunya (Public Safety Institute of Catalonia)
Two Mossos d'Esquadra bronze medals to the police merit|
Three Policía Nacional crosses to police merit with white badge
Two Guardia Civil crosses of the order of merit with white badge
|Years of service||1990–2017|
Major dels Mossos d'Esquadra (2017)|
Comissari en cap dels Mossos d'Esquadra (2013)
Josep Lluís Trapero Álvarez (Badalona, 1965) is the former Mossos d'Esquadra Major, the highest rank in the Catalan Police. On 28 October 2017, the Spanish government declared him removed from his post, after its invocation of Article 155 of the Spanish Constitution, suspending Catalonia's autonomy. Trapero started his career as a Mosso in 1990 and after years of service he was granted the position of Commissioner in 2013. In 2017, after 26 years of service, he achieved the rank of Major, succeeding Joan Unió.
Josep Lluís Trapero was born in 1965 in Badalona in a humble family from Valladolid. During his childhood he lived in the working-class neighbourhood of La Guinardera in Santa Coloma de Gramanet, close to Barcelona. As a child he didn't want to be a police officer, he was more interested in animals and biology.
In 1989 he was admitted in the School of Public Security of Catalonia (Institut de Seguretat Pública de Catalunya) where he graduated the following year. In 2006 Trapero graduated in law from the Open University of Catalonia and later on obtained a postdegree in Direction and Management of Public Security. His fields of specialization are cybercrime, money laundering, and terrorism financing. In 2012 he travelled to an FBI academy in Quantico, United States, where he participated in the Latin American Law Enforcement Executive Development Seminar (LALEEDS).
As a Mosso d'Esquadra, Trapero has worked in the Basic Police Area in Girona and also in the Office of Complaints of Vielha. He also was a corporal in the Quatre Camins Prison. Later on, he was deployed in the Investigation Group in Blanes and Figueres, and afterwards he applied what he learnt in different regions of Catalonia. In 2008 he was designated as a Chief of the Division of Criminal Investigation (Divisió d'Investigació Criminal, CGIC). A year later he was promoted to Sub-Chief of the General Criminal Investigation Group (Comissaria General d'Investigació Criminal), and in 2012 he would be promoted again to lead the whole group. Just one year later he would be designated Commissioner of the Mossos d'Esquadra and in 2017 he was given the opportunity to get the position of Chief of police, which he accepted.
On 4 October 2017, after the Catalan independence referendum of 2017, Trapero was accused by Spanish prosecutors for alleged sedition. He allegedly refused to carry out judicial orders on 1 October 2017. In addition, he is accused of obstructing a police investigation on 20 September 2017. Sedition in Spain carries a maximum sentence for public officials of 15 years in prison. On 16 October 2017 a Spanish prosecutor asked for Josep Lluís Trapero to be jailed. Later that day, a judge would allow Trapero to remain free but withdrew his passport and ordered him to appear in court every two weeks. The court said that this could change if Trapero disobeys the conditions.
In April 2018 judge Carmen Lamela closed the instruction and ordered the prosecution of Trapero, Pere Soler and number two of Joaquim Forn, Cèsar Puig, as well as of the mayor Teresa Laplana, charged for sedition. Lamela defenses that Trapero, Soler and Puig were part of a criminal organization led by Carles Puigdemont.
- "Major Trapero, an unlikely hero". CatalanNews.com. Barcelona: ACN. 22 August 2017. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
- "Josep Lluís Trapero, the very Catalan police chief who emerged as a global celebrity". Spain: Euronews. 25 August 2017. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
- Barroso, Sílvia (1 November 2015). "Josep Lluís Trapero: "La primera missió de la policia és garantir els drets i les llibertats"" [Josep Lluís Trapero: "The first mission of the police is to ensure the rights and freedoms of the people"]. Ara.cat (in Catalan). Barcelona: Ara.
- "17 cosas que no sabías sobre Josep Lluis Trapero, el mayor de los Mossos" [17 things you didn't know about Josep Lluís Trapero, the Mossos d'Esquadra Major] (in Spanish). Huffington post. 22 August 2017. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
- "Spanish PM removes Catalan regional premier from post, calls December 21 polls", elpais.es, 28 October 2017
- "Josep Lluís Trapero, designat nou major dels Mossos d'Esquadra" [Josep Lluís Trapero, designated new Mossos d'Esquadra Major] (in Catalan). Barcelona: btvnotícies. 18 April 2017. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
- "Josep Lluís Trapero és el nou major dels Mossos, un càrrec vacant des del 2008" [Josep Lluís Trapero the new Mossos Major, a vacancy since 2008] (in Catalan). Barcelona: Corporació Catalana de Mitjans Audiovisuals. 18 April 2017. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
- Navarro, Mayka (22 April 2017). "Trapero, el mayor de Luisa y Lino manda en la policía catalana" [Trapero, the oldest son of Luisa and Lino chief of the Catalan Police] (in Spanish). Barcelona: La Vanguardia. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
- "Josep Lluís Trapero, nou comissari en cap dels Mossos d'Esquadra" [Josep Lluís Trapero, new Mossos d'Esquadra comissioner in chief]. Gencat.cat (in Catalan). 3 April 2013. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
- Stothard, Michael (4 October 2017). "Catalan police chief faces sedition investigation". Financial Times. Madrid. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- Badcock, James (4 October 2017). "Catalonia's police chief faces sedition charge for 'allegedly failing to follow orders' ahead of referendum". The telegraph. Madrid. Retrieved 7 October 2017.
- The Associated Press, ed. (4 October 2017). "Catalan Officials Study Date for Independence Declaration". The New York Times. Madrid. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- Associated Press, ed. (16 October 2017). "The Latest: Spain asks for jailing of Catalonia police chief". The Washington Post. Barcelona. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
- AP, ed. (16 October 2017). "Spanish judge grants freedom with restrictions to Catalonia police chief". Oxford Times. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
- "L'Audiència jutjarà Trapero per organització criminal i sedició". Ara.cat (in Catalan). Retrieved 2018-04-06.