Josep Maria Sert
|Josep Maria Sert|
Josep Maria Sert i Badia|
21 December 1874
27 November 1945 (aged 70)|
|Resting place||Vic Cathedral|
Misia Godebska (m. 1914; div. 1927)|
Isabelle Roussadana Mdivani (m. 1928; d. 1938)
Josep Maria Sert i Badia (Catalan pronunciation: [ʒuˈzɛb məˈɾi.ə ˈsɛrt]) (Barcelona, 21 December 1874 – 27 November 1945, buried in the Vic Cathedral) was a Catalan muralist, the son of an affluent textile industry family, and friend of Salvador Dalí. He was particularly known for his grisaille style, often in gold and black.
Sert initially studied art in Rome before moving to Paris in 1899. There, he became involved with a group of decorative artists known as Les Nabis, gravitating around Paul Ranson, who had studied at the renowned private Académie Julian, founded in 1868 by painter Rodolphe Julian.
By 1910, Sert had begun fully focusing on murals and other large-scale work. He collaborated with Russia Sergei Diaghilev to create sets for his Ballets Russes. In the United States, Sert painted a mural at the Waldorf-Astoria in New York City, as well as a 1937 mural entitled American Progress at 30 Rockefeller Center. American Progress was commissioned by the Rockefellers to replace Diego Rivera’s mural Man at the Crossroads, which Nelson Rockefeller destroyed because it included an image of Lenin.
Sert began an affair with the well-known pianist and patron of the arts Misia Godebska in 1908. They married on 2 September 1920. In 1925, Sert met Georgian-Russian sculptress Isabelle Roussadana Mdivani, known as Roussy, who subsequently moved in with him and Misia. Sert began an affair with Roussy and later divorced Misia on 28 December 1927 to marry Mdivani.
- "Who is Jose Maria Sert?". At Rockefeller Center. 12 May 2015. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
- "José María Sert (1874-1945)". Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
- "Josep Maria Sert". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
- "American Progress". Rockefeller Center. Tishman Speyer. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
- "Misia, Queen of Paris". Musée d'Orsay. 2006. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
- "Sert, Misia (1872–1950)". Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Encyclopedia.com. 7 June 2017. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
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