Sir Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau
|5th Premier of Quebec|
October 31, 1879 – July 29, 1882
|Lieutenant Governor||Théodore Robitaille|
|Preceded by||Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière|
|Succeeded by||Joseph-Alfred Mousseau|
|MLA for Terrebonne|
September 1, 1867 – July 29, 1882
|Preceded by||Provincial district created in 1867|
|Succeeded by||Guillaume-Alphonse Nantel|
|Member of the Canadian Parliament|
July 29, 1882 – December 5, 1892
|Preceded by||Guillaume-Alphonse Nantel|
|Succeeded by||Pierre-Julien Leclair|
|7th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec|
December 5, 1892 – January 20, 1898
|Governor General||The Lord Stanley of Preston|
The Earl of Aberdeen
|Premier||Charles Boucher de Boucherville|
Edmund James Flynn
|Preceded by||Auguste-Réal Angers|
|Succeeded by||Louis-Amable Jetté|
|Born||November 9, 1840|
Sainte-Thérèse, Lower Canada
|Died||June 13, 1898 (aged 57)|
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
|Political party||Conservative Party of Quebec|
|Cabinet||Solicitor General (1873–1874)|
Minister Without Portfolio (1876–1878)
Provincial Secretary (1876–1878)
Commissioner of Agriculture and Public Works (1879–1881)
Commissioner of Railways (1880–1881)
Secretary of State of Canada (1882–1892)
Minister of Customs (1892)
After the 1878 Quebec election, he was the Leader of the Opposition. He became premier in 1879 after the fall of the minority government of Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière. He won the 1881 election, but resigned on July 29, 1882 to seek election to the federal House of Commons. He won a by-election held on August 16, 1882.
Chapleau planned to quit politics in 1885 when Louis Riel was sentenced to be hanged but decided to stay, fearing it would only inflame the situation. After Riel was hanged, he was attacked by Quebecers who accused him of the death of Riel along with John A. Macdonald.
He served as Minister of Justice under prime ministers John A. Macdonald and John Abbott, but declined to serve under John Thompson. He resigned in 1892, and was appointed Lieutenant Governor of Quebec from December 1892 until January 1898. He died in June of that same year in Montreal, Quebec. His funeral monument can be seen at the Notre Dame des Neiges Cemetery.
Elections as party leader
He won the 1881 election.
On November 25, 1874, he married Marie Louise, daughter of Lieutenant-colonel Charles King of Sherbrooke in the province of Quebec.
- DUSSAULT, Roy. « Défense des intérêts des Canadiens français et unité de la Confédération canadienne : la pensée nationaliste de Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau, 1840–1898». Mémoire de maîtrise, Québec, Université Laval, 2018, 177 p.
- Carlyle, Edward Irving (1901). Dictionary of National Biography (1st supplement). London: Smith, Elder & Co. .
- "Biography". Dictionnaire des parlementaires du Québec de 1792 à nos jours (in French). National Assembly of Quebec.
- Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau fonds, Library and Archives Canada.
- Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
- Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau – Parliament of Canada biography