|Died||June 1, 2013 (aged 88)|
|Education||École nationale supérieure des arts appliqués et des métiers d'art|
|Known for||Furniture Design; Interior Design|
Joseph-André Motte was born in Saint-Bonnet-en-Champsaur (southeastern France in the Hautes-Alpes). After passing his ‘baccalauréat’, he studied at the École des Arts Appliqués in Paris (École nationale supérieure des arts appliqués et des métiers d'art), where he graduated in 1948 at the top of his class.
His career is divided into two different stages. At first, he focused on furniture design up to the end of the 1960s. Later, he shifted his career to interior design.
In the period after World War II (1939–45) there was increased interest in using new methods and materials for mass production of furniture. Manufacturers of materials such as Formica, plywood, aluminum, and steel sponsored the salons of the Société des artistes décorateurs. Designers who exhibited their experimental work at the salons in this period included Motte, Pierre Guariche, René-Jean Caillette, Jean Prouvé, Charlotte Perriand, Antoine Philippon and Jacqueline Lecoq.
Motte began his career as a furniture designer at the Bon Marché, one of the oldest Parisian department stores and cooperated with Marcel Gascoin’s workshop. In 1954, he founded his own agency and co-founded the Atelier de Recherche Plastique (Studio for Plastic Research) with Michel Mortier and Pierre Guariche. His prolific career let him rise to the top of postwar designers whose mission was to refurnish French homes with industrial materials and contemporary style, integrating modern forms with conventional techniques, using traditional and modern materials: rattan, foam, plastic, Formica, plywood, stainless steel, and glass.
Motte’s projects covered a global range of furniture and furniture accessories:
Some of his most famed chairs are the
- Tripod Chair (1949),
- Catherine Chair, (1952),
- Sabre Chair (1954),
- 740 Chair (1957),
- 770 (1958).
From the 1960s to the early 1990s (until his retirement), Motte was in charge of prolific and prestigious interior design commissions like public interiors for the French government including:
- Paris Métro stations (more than 100 stations),
- the interiors and furnishings for the Orly Airport,
- the interiors and furnishings for the Charles de Gaulle Airport,
- the interiors and furnishings for the Lyon Airport
- parts of the Louvre Museum
- parts of the state radio's Broadcasting House, Paris
- French prefectures and town halls
- The Council of Europe in Strasbourg
He also got many contracts abroad in Sub-Saharan Africa and North Africa including the presidential palace in Bamako and many hotels in Algeria, Tunisia, Congo and Mali.
He was honored with many awards such as the Golden Compass (Compasso d'Oro), La Triennale di Milano, Prix René Gabriel. In 1990, he was awarded the French Ordre des Arts et des Lettres (Grade of Commander).
- "Joseph-André MOTTE - French designer '50s (design 1950 - furniture) © fiftease". Fiftease.com. Retrieved 2013-08-23.
- "Les Salon des Artistes Décorateurs". Demisch Danant. 2010-10-20. Archived from the original on 2015-04-11. Retrieved 2015-04-11.
- "Joseph-André Motte - Designer - L'ArcoBaleno". Larcobaleno.com. Archived from the original on 2013-07-12. Retrieved 2013-08-23.
- "Exhibition: Joseph André Motte: The Art of Living". Daily Icon. Retrieved 2013-08-23.
- Media related to Joseph-André Motte at Wikimedia Commons