Joseph-François Charpentier de Cossigny
Joseph-François Charpentier de Cossigny (1736-1809), also known as Joseph-François Charpentier de Cossigny de Palma was born in Port Louis, the son of Jean-François Charpentier de Cossigny, an engineer of the French East India Company. He was also the cousin of David Charpentier de Cossigny (Governor of India, Bourbon, and Mascarene). In 1773, while on a visit to Paris as a scholar and politician, he had asked the colonial secretary for the right to establish a Chamber of Agriculture on the Isle de France (now Mauritius). He was considered a Cossigny "agitator" by the authorities for seeking the establishment of a representative body seen as an interference with the direct authority of the ministry.
Cossigny de Palma moved to Mauritius where he founded a colony called Palma, and created several acclimatisation gardens for imported fruit species. He is known for introducing the lychee to the islands of Bourbon and Isle de France in 1764 after several trips to China and the East. He was an early member of the Institut de France in 1795.
- List of gardener-botanist explorers of the Enlightenment
- European and American voyages of scientific exploration
- Carpenter, Joseph Francis Cossigny; "Memory for the colony of Isle de France, in response to specific memory and the shareholders of the East India Company;" Paris; P. Fr Didot le Jeune; 1790; 37 p. 19 cm
- Carpenter, Joseph Francis Cossigny; "Summary Notes and Summary Observations in response to, the Brief published for the colony of Isle de France;" Paris; P. Fr Didot le Jeune; 1790; 16 p. 26 cm
- Gray, John; "A Note on Joseph Francois Cossigny Carpenter (1736-1809)"; Tanganyika Notes and Records, Volume 51 (1958); pp. 246-249