Joseph-François Charpentier de Cossigny

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Lychee (Litchi chinensis) One of the fruits introduced to Réunion by Joseph-François Charpentier de Cossigny

Family background[edit]

Joseph-François Charpentier de Cossigny (1736-1809), also known as Joseph-François Charpentier de Cossigny de Palma was born in Port Louis, the son of Jean-François Charpentier de Cossigny, an engineer of the French East India Company. He was also the cousin of David Charpentier de Cossigny (Governor of India, Bourbon, and Mascarene). In 1773, while on a visit to Paris as a scholar and politician, he had asked the colonial secretary for the right to establish a Chamber of Agriculture on the Isle de France (now Mauritius). He was considered a Cossigny "agitator" by the authorities for seeking the establishment of a representative body seen as an interference with the direct authority of the ministry.

Cossigny de Palma moved to Mauritius where he founded a colony called Palma, and created several acclimatisation gardens for imported fruit species. He is known for introducing the lychee to the islands of Bourbon and Isle de France in 1764 after several trips to China and the East. He was an early member of the Institut de France in 1795.[1][2][3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Carpenter, Joseph Francis Cossigny; "Memory for the colony of Isle de France, in response to specific memory and the shareholders of the East India Company;" Paris; P. Fr Didot le Jeune; 1790; 37 p. 19 cm
  2. ^ Carpenter, Joseph Francis Cossigny; "Summary Notes and Summary Observations in response to, the Brief published for the colony of Isle de France;" Paris; P. Fr Didot le Jeune; 1790; 16 p. 26 cm
  3. ^ Gray, John; "A Note on Joseph Francois Cossigny Carpenter (1736-1809)"; Tanganyika Notes and Records, Volume 51 (1958); pp. 246-249

This article incorporates text from the French language Wikipedia article fr:Joseph-François Charpentier de Cossigny