Joseph Brown (Missouri politician)
|21st Mayor of St. Louis, Missouri|
1871 – April 13, 1875
|Preceded by||Nathan Cole|
|Succeeded by||Arthur Barret|
|Mayor of Alton, Illinois|
|Died||December 3, 1899
St. Louis, Missouri
|Political party||War Democrat|
Childhood and young adulthood
Brown was born in 1823 in Jedburgh, Scotland. He lived there with his family until he turned eight. Afterwards, he and his family immigrated to the United States, settling down in Alton, Illinois. Brown received a good education, partially completing his college career before going to work in the milling business at the age 18.
After a few years, Brown met Miss Virginia Keach. In 1854, they got married, and later had two daughters.
Brown was also well known in the river traffic. He oversaw many of his steamers' construction. At the start of the American Civil War, Brown retired from this business to pursue real estate operations. However, he continued on assisting in the construction in many of the gunboats and ironclad ships for the Navy.
Before becoming elected to being the St. Louis Mayor, Brown served as the head of the City government and Mayor of Alton, IL. During this time period, Brown successfully connected Chicago and Alton with a railroad. As a war democrat, he additionally was elected to the Missouri State Senate.
in 1871, Brown was elected to be the Mayor of St. Louis. Within his second year after being elected, Brown helped oversee the creation of a temporary City Hall (where the present Civil Courts Building is) and the taxpayers' League. This league's purpose was to "aid in securing honesty, economy and efficiency in the administration of municipal affairs and public affairs." In 1873, the city faced a critical depression. In order to help alleviate the citizens, Brown ran a soup kitchen for as many as 1200 people per day and issued tax certificates of $300,000, which was also known as "Brown Bucks". To support them, Brown used his own credit as well as the city's. The following year, Brown passed legislature that created Forest Park, O'Fallon park, and Carondlet Park and helped administer the completion of the Eads Bridge.
Later life and death
On December 3, 1899, Brown died. He was buried in Grandview Cemetery in Alton, Illinois.
- "St. Louis Mayors: Joseph Brown". St. Louis Public Library. Archived from the original on 2009-01-06. Retrieved 2008-08-21.
- "St. Louis Historic Preservation: Brown, Joseph". City of St. Louis. Retrieved 2008-08-21.
- "The Inauguration". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. April 13, 1875. p. 4.
- Joseph Brown at Find a Grave
- Joseph Brown at the St. Louis Public Library: St. Louis Mayors website
|Mayor of St. Louis, Missouri
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