Joseph Calleia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the Kid Rock sidekick, see Joe C. For the Maltese operatic tenor, see Joseph Calleja.
Joseph Calleia
Joseph Calleia in After the Thin Man trailer.jpg
Calleia in After the Thin Man (1936)
Born Joseph Alexander Caesar Herstall Vincent Calleja
(1897-08-04)August 4, 1897
Notabile, Malta
Died October 31, 1975(1975-10-31) (aged 78)
Sliema, Malta
Other names
  • Joseph Spurin
  • Joseph Spurin-Calleia
  • Joseph Spurin Calleja
Occupation
  • Actor
  • singer
Years active 1918–1963
Spouse(s) Eleanor Vassallo
(married 1929–1967[a])

Joseph Calleia (/kəˈlə/ kə-LAY; born Joseph Alexander Caesar Herstall Vincent Calleja, August 4, 1897 – October 31, 1975) was a Maltese-born American actor and singer on the stage and in films, radio and television.

Biography[edit]

Joseph Calleia in the Broadway stage production Small Miracle (1934–35)

Joseph Alexander Caesar Herstall Vincent Calleja[3][4][b] was born in Notabile[1][6] in the Crown Colony of Malta on August 4, 1897.[1] His father was an architect.[7] Calleia studied at St. Julian's and St. Aloysius Colleges. At age 12 he used the English pound given to him for Christmas to buy two dozen harmonicas, and organized a local band whose performances were soon netting £100 a week. Sent by his father to London to study engineering, Calleia employed his good tenor voice in music halls, performing ballads of the Scottish Highlands in traditional dress. He worked as Joseph Spurin, using his mother's maiden name due to his father's disapproval.[3]

In 1914 Calleia joined the British Transport Service. After cruising the world for two-and-a-half years, his ship was torpedoed in the English Channel. Hospitalized for three months,[8] Calleia was awarded a campaign medal[9] and honorably discharged. He traveled to the United States in 1917.[8] Unemployed,[10] he sang for the Red Cross and armed services, and volunteered for the American Tank Corps.[8]

Calleia began his stage career on Armistice Day.[11] After World War I he found only limited success in vaudeville. He earned his living stoking the furnace at a department store, and got a night job washing and repairing New York City streetcars. By day he haunted theatrical booking offices.[12] The Henry W. Savage agency sent Calleia to Denver, where he made his stage debut singing in the chorus of the musical comedy, Have a Heart.[3][8] The following season he had a bit part in Pietro (1920), an Otis Skinner vehicle that played six weeks on Broadway and 40 weeks on tour. Calleia supplemented his salary by working as assistant stage manager and repairing trunks at $3 each.[3]

Adelai-Broken-Wing.jpg

Calleia's first speaking role on the stage was in The Broken Wing (1920), a Broadway comedy starring George Abbott and Louis Wolheim. He understudied all of the parts and appeared as a Mexican peon[3] who played the guitar and sang a song called "Adelai".[12] Calleia composed the tune, and asked Abbott to write the lyrics; the song was published and eventually brought each of them royalties of as much as $2,000 a year.[13]

The Broken Wing was a hit,[13] and after the play's New York run Calleia and Thurston Hall were carried over in a London production. After four months the show closed and Calleia visited Malta, where he and his father reconciled. At his father's request he began using his real surname, and was billed as Joseph Spurin-Calleia.[3][14]

On February 14, 1925, Calleia made his concert debut at Town Hall in New York City, accompanied by pianist Ferdinand Greenwald. "He proved to be the possessor of an agreeable high voice, which he used with much skill in Italian airs," wrote New York Times music critic Olin Downes, "including that of Rodolfo from Puccini's La Boheme and others from Verdi's Trovatore and Rigoletto."[15] In recital at New York's Steinway Hall on February 21, 1926, Calleia "displayed a voice of pleasant and attractive timbre" in a program that included works by Scarlatti, Paisiello, Schumann, Gounod and Leoncavallo, as well as two of his own compositions.[16]

Calleia was cast as the Spanish ambassador in the Broadway production of Princess Flavia (1925),[3] Sigmund Romberg's musical adaptation of The Prisoner of Zenda. While he was waiting for the elaborate production to be mounted he sold pianos, with such success that the store owner offered him a store of his own if he would stay.[12]

In 1926 Calleia was given his first prominent stage role, in George Abbott and Philip Dunning's smash hit, Broadway.[12][17] He played a shuffling, coin-jingling waiter[18] in the melodrama that New York Times critic Brooks Atkinson later called a "noisy, bustling cyclorama of backstage life [that] remains a landmark in the American theater."[19] Calleia also acted as the company's stage manager and, working for producer Jed Harris, he supervised some ten duplicate productions of Broadway in the U.S. and abroad.[20]

A succession of acclaimed performances in successful Broadway plays followed, including a shiftless newspaper reporter in The Front Page (1928), a convicted murderer in The Last Mile (1930), and the chauffeur in Grand Hotel (1930).[12] Calleia became a star with Small Miracle (1934) — a Broadway production described by The New Yorker as "a very satisfactory melodrama with Joseph Spurin-Calleia as the pleasantest murderer you ever saw."[21]

"What an actor—Joseph Calleia", said Orson Welles, who directed and performed with Calleia in Touch of Evil (1958):

I fell in love with him as a ten-year-old boy. I saw him in a play in New York[c] … a very well-staged melodrama which was an enormous hit for about a year — it was made as a movie later with somebody else. He had the leading role, and I never forgot him. And through the years I'd seen him in movies — little things. And I could never forget that performance of his. He's always played very stereotyped parts in pictures but is one of the best actors I've ever known. I have such respect for him. You play next to him and you just feel the thing that you do with a big actor — this dynamo going on.[22]:298

The National Board of Review recognized Joseph Calleia's performance as the detective Slimane (right) in Algiers (1938)

Calleia had made three feature films on the East Coast in 1931–32;[23][24][25] the acclaim he received from Small Miracle brought him a contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. He quickly made his mark in Hollywood, playing the role of a criminal in Public Hero No. 1 (1935), followed by Riffraff (1936), with Jean Harlow and Spencer Tracy. In 1936, Calleia co-wrote the screenplay for Robin Hood of El Dorado. In 1943, he played El Sordo in For Whom The Bell Tolls.

Calleia retired in 1963 and died in Sliema, Malta, on October 31, 1975, aged 78. He was interred in the family vault at Santa Maria Addolorata Cemetery in Paola.

Accolades[edit]

Naming the theatre's villain of the year for 1934, nationally syndicated columnist Paul Harrison of the Newspaper Enterprise Association selected "Joseph Spurin-Calleia, whose gangster role in Small Miracle provided one of the finest of all performances on Broadway."[26]

Calleia's portrayal of the gunman in Public Hero No. 1 (1935) was listed by film critic Andre Sennwald of The New York Times as one of the year's ten best male performances.[27][28]

Calleia received the 1938 National Board of Review Award for his performance as Inspector Slimane in Algiers.[29]

Theatre credits[edit]

Date Title Role Notes
1919 Have a Heart[d] Chorus member Joins touring company in Denver[3][12][31]
January 19–March 1, 1920 Pietro Miguel Criterion Theatre, New York[3][32][33]
1920 Pietro Miguel Also assistant stage manager
40-week national tour[3]
November 29, 1920–April 1, 1921 The Broken Wing Basilio 48th Street Theatre, New York[3][34][35]
August 15–November 18, 1922 The Broken Wing Basilio Duke of York's Theatre, London[3][12][36]
April 9–June 1, 1923 Zander the Great Juan Empire Theatre, New York[37][38]
November 2, 1925–March 13, 1926 Princess Flavia Senor Poncho, Wurfner Century Theatre and (from February 1) Shubert Theatre, New York[39][40][41]
September 16, 1926–February 11, 1928 Broadway Joe Broadhurst Theatre, New York[42][43]
Also stage manager; also in charge of some ten duplicate productions of the play in the U.S. and abroad[3][18][20]
August 14, 1928–April 13, 1929 The Front Page Kruger, Journal of Commerce Times Square Theater, New York[8][44]
February 13–October 1, 1930 The Last Mile Tom D'Amoro Sam H. Harris Theatre, New York[45][46]
November 13, 1930–December 5, 1931 Grand Hotel Chauffeur Also general stage manager
National Theatre, New York[47][48]
September 14–December 3, 1932 Clear All Wires Stage manager
Times Square Theatre, New York[3][49]
December 23, 1932–February 1, 1933 Honeymoon Nicola Little Theatre, New York[50][51]
October 17–December 30, 1933 Ten Minute Alibi Hunter Ethel Barrymore Theatre, New York[52][53]
July 9, 1934 The Bride of Torozko Westport Country Playhouse, Westport, Connecticut[54]
September 26, 1934–January 5, 1935 Small Miracle Tony Mako John Golden Theatre and (from November 11) 48th Street Theatre, New York[55][56]
February 7–February 1935 Small Miracle Tony Mako El Capitan Theatre, Hollywood, produced by Henry Duffy with original cast members Robert Middlemass and Joseph King[57][58][59]
May 11–September 18, 1948 All My Sons Joe Keller Lyric Theatre and (from June 15) Globe Theatre, London, with Margalo Gillmore and Richard Leech[60][61]

Film and television credits[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1931 My Sin Juan [62]
1931 His Woman Agent [62]
1932 Divorce Racket, TheThe Divorce Racket [62]
1935 Public Hero No. 1 Sonny Black [62]
1936 Riffraff Nick Lewis [62]
1936 Exclusive Story Ace Acello [62]
1936 Tough Guy Joe Calerno [62]
1936 Robin Hood of El Dorado Screenplay[63]
1936 His Brother's Wife Fish-Eye [62]
1936 Sworn Enemy Joe Emerald [62]
1936 Sinner Take All Frank Penny [62]
1936 After the Thin Man "Dancer" [62]
1937 Man of the People Jack Moreno [62]
1937 Bad Man of Brimstone, TheThe Bad Man of Brimstone Portuguese Ben [62]
1938 Algiers Inspector Slimane National Board of Review Award[62][29]
1938 Marie Antoinette Drouet [62]
1939 Gorilla, TheThe Gorilla Stranger [62]
1939 Juarez Alejandro Uradi [62]
1939 Five Came Back Vasquez [62]
1939 Golden Boy Eddie Fuseli [62]
1940 My Little Chickadee Jeff Badger [62]
1940 Wyoming John Buckley [62]
1941 Monster and the Girl, TheThe Monster and the Girl Deacon [62]
1941 Sundown Pallini [62]
1942 Jungle Book, TheThe Jungle Book Buldeo [62]
1942 Glass Key, TheThe Glass Key Nick Varna [62]
1943 For Whom the Bell Tolls El Sordo [62]
1943 Conspirators, TheThe Conspirators Captain Pereira [62]
1943 Cross of Lorraine, TheThe Cross of Lorraine Antonio Rodriguez [62]
1946 Gilda Obregon [62]
1946 Deadline at Dawn Val Bartelli [62]
1947 Beginning or the End, TheThe Beginning or the End Dr. Enrico Fermi [62]
1947 Lured Dr. Moryani [62]
1948 Noose Hangs High, TheThe Noose Hangs High Mike Craig [62]
1948 Four Faces West Monte Marquez [62]
1948 Noose Sugiani U.S. title The Silk Noose[64][65]
1950 Palomino, TheThe Palomino Miguel Gonzales [62]
1950 Captain Carey, U.S.A. Dr. Lunati [62]
1950 Vendetta Guido Barracini [62]
1950 Branded Mateo Rubriz [62]
1951 Valentino Luigi Verducci [62]
1958 Pulitzer Prize Playhouse (TV) Don Fernando "Night Over Taos"[66]
1951 Light Touch, TheThe Light Touch Lt. Massiro [62]
1952 When in Rome Aggiunto Bodulli [62]
1952 Yankee Buccaneer Count Domingo Del Prado [62]
1952 Iron Mistress, TheThe Iron Mistress Juan Moreno [62]
1953 Caddy, TheThe Caddy Papa Anthony [62]
1955 Underwater! Rico Herrera [62]
1955 Treasure of Pancho Villa, TheThe Treasure of Pancho Villa Capt. Pablo Morales [62]
1955 Littlest Outlaw, TheThe Littlest Outlaw The Padre [62]
1956 Hot Blood Papa Theodore Caldash [62]
1956 Serenade Maestro Marcatello [62]
1957 Wild Is the Wind Alberto [62]
1958 Touch of Evil Pete Menzies [62]
1958 Light in the Forest, TheThe Light in the Forest Chief Cuyloga [62]
1958 Have Gun – Will Travel (TV) Sheriff Sam Truett "The Manhunter"[67]
1959 Zorro (TV) Padre Simeon "The Sergeant Sees Red"[68][69]
1959 Cry Tough Papa Estrada [62]
1960 Alamo, TheThe Alamo Juan Seguín [62]
1963 Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre (TV) Cagewa "A Killing at Sundial"[70][71][72]
1963 Johnny Cool Tourist [62]

Select radio credits[edit]

Date Title Role Notes
March 2, 1939 Kraft Music Hall Guest star Calleia sings "Adelai", the popular song he and George Abbott wrote for Broadway's The Broken Wing (1920–21)[73]
February 25, 1940 The Screen Guild Theater Hal Wilson "Blind Alley" with Edward G. Robinson[74][75][76]
November 12, 1943 Stage Door Canteen Guest star [77]
February 18, 1944 Stage Door Canteen Guest star [77]
November 24, 1944 Stage Door Canteen Guest star [77]
November 7, 1948 Theatre Guild on the Air "Criminal Code" with Pat O'Brien[78]

Legacy[edit]

Calleia was posthumously honored by the Malta postal authority with a set of two commemorative stamps issued in 1997.[79][80] In 2005, a bust of Calleia by sculptor Anton Agius was installed at his birthplace in Malta on the initiative of then fifteen year old Eman Bonnici.[citation needed]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Joseph Calleia and Eleanor Vassallo (born August 19, 1898, Brooklyn, N.Y.) were married December 29, 1929, at Long Island, N.Y. She died in Sliema, Malta, on December 17, 1967.[1][2]
  2. ^ Calleia's surname is pronounced "cal-ay-a", with the emphasis on the second syllable.[5]
  3. ^ The play, titled Small Miracle, ran on Broadway in 1934–35 and was filmed in 1935 as Four Hours to Kill!, starring Richard Barthelmess.
  4. ^ Written by Guy Bolton and P. G. Wodehouse with music by Jerome Kern, Have a Heart was first produced on Broadway in 1917 by Harry W. Savage.[30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The National Archives at Riverside; Riverside, California, USA; Petitions for Naturalization, U.S. District Court for the Central District of California (Los Angeles), 1940–1991; NAI: 594890; Record Group Title: Records of District Courts of the United States, 1685–2009; Record Group Number: 21. Ancestry.com, California, Naturalization Records, 1887–1991 [database online]. Provo, Utah: Ancestry.com Operations Inc., 2014. Retrieved 2015-11-11.
  2. ^ National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), Washington, D.C.; General Records of the Department of State; Record Group: RG59-Entry 5166; Box Number: 51; Box Description: 1968 BI - CAZ. Ancestry.com. Reports of Deaths of American Citizens Abroad, 1835–1974 [database online]. Provo, Utah: Ancestry.com Operations Inc., 2010. Retrieved 2015-11-22.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Across from Malta". The New York Times. October 21, 1934. Retrieved 2015-11-11. 
  4. ^ Katz, Ephraim (1998). The Film Encyclopedia (3rd ed.). New York: HarperPerennial. p. 208. ISBN 0-06-273492-X. 
  5. ^ York, Cal (December 1939). "Cal York's Gossip of Hollywood; Pronouncing Guide". Photoplay. Vol. 53 no. 12. p. 70. Retrieved 2016-01-04. 
  6. ^ "Film Actor Heads Malta War Relief". Pittsburgh Press. November 22, 1942. Retrieved 2015-11-13. 
  7. ^ "Joseph Calleia's Father Dies". The New York Times. July 4, 1945. Retrieved 2015-11-11. 
  8. ^ a b c d e "Inside the Playbill: The Front Page". Playbill. Retrieved 2015-11-11. 
  9. ^ "Joseph Calleia". Ancestry.com. Web: UK, Campaign Medals Awarded to WWI Merchant Seamen, 1914–1925 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014. Retrieved 2015-11-11.
  10. ^ "Joseph Calleia Spurin". Ancestry.com. U.S., World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917–1918 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2005. Retrieved 2015-11-11.
  11. ^ The Broken Wing (The Magazine Theatre Program). 48th Street Theatre, New York: New York Theatre Program Corporation. March 21, 1921. p. 23. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g Weiler, A. H. (November 21, 1943). "A True Chip Off the Old Maltese Block". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-11-11. 
  13. ^ a b Abbott, George (1963). Mister Abbott. New York: Random House. p. 99. OCLC 330940. 
  14. ^ "Double Jointed Film Name Has Unusual Story". Chicago Tribune. April 28, 1935. Retrieved 2016-01-16. 
  15. ^ Downes, Olin (February 15, 1925). "Opera: Joseph Calleia, Tenor, in Debut". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-11-20. 
  16. ^ "Joseph Calleia, Tenor, Pleases". The New York Times. February 22, 1926. Retrieved 2015-11-20. 
  17. ^ Berger, Marilyn (February 2, 1995). "George Abbott, Broadway Giant With Hit After Hit, Is Dead at 107". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-11-21. 
  18. ^ a b "A Solid Year of Broadway". The New York Times. September 18, 1927. Retrieved 2015-11-21. 
  19. ^ Berger, Marilyn (July 22, 1968). "Philip Dunning, Playwright, 76, Co-Author of 'Broadway,' Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-11-21. 
  20. ^ a b "Plan 10 Companies to Act 'Broadway'". The New York Times. March 22, 1927. Retrieved 2015-11-21. 
  21. ^ "Goings On About Town". The New Yorker. X (46): 2. December 29, 1934. 
  22. ^ Welles, Orson, and Peter Bogdanovich, edited by Jonathan Rosenbaum, This is Orson Welles. New York: HarperCollins Publishers 1992 ISBN 0-06-016616-9.
  23. ^ "My Sin". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2015-11-20. 
  24. ^ "His Woman". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2015-11-20. 
  25. ^ "The Divorce Racket". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2015-11-20. 
  26. ^ Harrison, Paul (December 30, 1934). "Variety of Broadway Plays Are Listed Among Dying Year's Best Stage Fare". The Pittsburgh Press. 
  27. ^ Sennwald, Andre (January 5, 1936). "Best Ten, More or Less". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-11-16. 
  28. ^ Sennwald, Andre (June 8, 1935). "Movie Review: Public Hero No. 1". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-11-16. 
  29. ^ a b "The Year's Best". National Board of Review Magazine. National Board of Review. 14 (1): 12. January 1939. Retrieved 2015-11-15. 
  30. ^ "Have a Heart". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  31. ^ "It Pleased in Denver". The Hutchinson News. February 12, 1919. 
  32. ^ "Pietro". Playbill Vault. Playbill. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  33. ^ "Pietro". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  34. ^ "The Broken Wing". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  35. ^ "The Broken Wing". Playbill Vault. Playbill. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  36. ^ Wearing, J. P. (2014). The London Stage 1920–1929: A Calendar of Productions, Performers, and Personnel. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield. p. 179. ISBN 9780810893023. 
  37. ^ "Zander the Great". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  38. ^ "Zander the Great". Playbill Vault. Playbill. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  39. ^ "Princess Flavia". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  40. ^ "Princess Flavia". Playbill Vault. Playbill. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  41. ^ "'Princess Flavia' is Rich and Captivating". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-11-21. 
  42. ^ "Broadway". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  43. ^ "Inside the Playbill: Broadway". Playbill Vault. Playbill. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  44. ^ "The Front Page". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  45. ^ "The Last Mile". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  46. ^ "The Last Mile". Playbill Vault. Playbill. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  47. ^ "Grand Hotel". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  48. ^ "Grand Hotel". Playbill Vault. Playbill. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  49. ^ "Clear All Wires". Playbill Vault. Playbill. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  50. ^ "Honeymoon". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  51. ^ "Honeymoon". Playbill Vault. Playbill. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  52. ^ "Ten Minute Alibi". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  53. ^ "Ten Minute Alibi". Playbill Vault. Playbill. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  54. ^ "'Bride of Torozko' Scores at Opening". The New York Times. July 10, 1934. Retrieved 2015-11-17. 
  55. ^ "Small Miracle". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  56. ^ "Small Miracle". Playbill Vault. Playbill. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  57. ^ "News of the Stage". The New York Times. February 8, 1935. Retrieved 2016-01-16. 
  58. ^ Hart, Enid (February 15, 1935). "Theatrical Chi-Chat". The San Marino Tribune. Mr. Spurin-Calleia justifies the advance news of his ability. The rest of the cast also is first class. Small Miracle should have a record run. 
  59. ^ Soanes, Wood (February 22, 1935). "Curtain Calls". Oakland Tribune. Spurin-Calleia … has started a run for Henry Duffy at El Capitan in his original role in Small Miracle. 
  60. ^ "'All My Sons' a Hit". The New York Times. May 12, 1948. Retrieved 2015-11-26. 
  61. ^ Wearing, J. P. (2014). The London Stage 1940–1949: A Calendar of Productions, Performers, and Personnel. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield. p. 368. ISBN 9780810893061. 
  62. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc "Joseph Calleia". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  63. ^ "Robin Hood of El Dorado". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  64. ^ "The Silk Noose". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2015-11-13. 
  65. ^ "Noose (1948)". British Film Institute. Retrieved 2015-11-13. 
  66. ^ "Night Over Taos". Pulitzer Prize Playhouse. Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2015-11-13. 
  67. ^ "The Manhunter". Have Gun — Will Travel. Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2015-11-13. 
  68. ^ "The Sergeant Sees Red". Zorro. Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2015-11-13. 
  69. ^ "Zorro, Season Two". Classic Television Archive. Retrieved 2015-11-13. 
  70. ^ "A Killing at Sundial". Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre. Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2015-11-13. 
  71. ^ "Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre, Season One". Classic Television Archive. Retrieved 2015-11-13. 
  72. ^ "TV Previews". Milwaukee Journal. October 4, 1963. 
  73. ^ "Ethel Waters and Joe Cook Will be Guests of Vallee; Crosby Signs Joan Bennett and Joseph Calleia". The Lima News. March 2, 1939. Joan Bennett and Joseph Calleia, heroine and villain of many cinema productions … are the visiting celebrities in the Music Hall with Bing Crosby …. 
  74. ^ "The Gulf Screen Guild Theatre". RadioGOLDINdex. Retrieved 2015-11-16. 
  75. ^ "Screen Guild Theater". Internet Archive. Retrieved 2015-11-16. 
  76. ^ "Sunday Caller". Harrisburg Telegraph. February 24, 1940. p. 17. Retrieved 2015-11-16 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  77. ^ a b c "Stage Door Canteen". Jerry Haendiges Vintage Radio Logs. Retrieved 2015-11-26. 
  78. ^ "Theatre Guild on the Air". Digital Deli Too. Retrieved 2015-11-26. 
  79. ^ "Anniversaries 1997 - 6c Joseph Calleia and film reel". Malta Post. Retrieved 2015-11-10. 
  80. ^ "Anniversaries 1997 - 6c Joseph Calleia and film camera". Malta Post. Retrieved 2015-11-10. 

External links[edit]