Joe Crowley

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Joe Crowley
Crowley114.jpg
Chair of the House Democratic Caucus
Assumed office
January 3, 2017
Leader Nancy Pelosi
Preceded by Xavier Becerra
Vice Chair of the House Democratic Caucus
In office
January 3, 2013 – January 3, 2017
Leader Nancy Pelosi
Preceded by Xavier Becerra
Succeeded by Linda Sánchez
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from New York
Assumed office
January 3, 1999
Preceded by Thomas J. Manton
Constituency 7th district (1999–2013)
14th district (2013–present)
Member of the New York State Assembly
from the 30th district
In office
January 1, 1987 – December 31, 1998
Preceded by Ralph Goldstein
Succeeded by Margaret Markey
Personal details
Born (1962-03-16) March 16, 1962 (age 56)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Kasey Nilson
Children 3
Education Queens College, City University of New York (BA)

Joseph Crowley (born March 16, 1962) is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for New York's 14th congressional district since 2013. He represented the 7th district from 1999 to 2013 and has been Chair of the House Democratic Caucus since 2017. He also has been Chair of the Queens County Democratic Party since 2006, succeeding Thomas J. Manton.[1][2] He previously served in the New York State Assembly from 1987 to 1998.

On June 26, 2018, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez defeated Crowley in the Democratic primary for his seat.[3]

Early life and education[edit]

Crowley was born in New York City, the son of an Irish-American father and an immigrant mother from County Armagh, Northern Ireland. A paternal uncle was also a politician. Crowley attended private New York City Roman Catholic schools, including Power Memorial Academy, and graduated from Queens College with a degree in political science.[4]

New York Assembly[edit]

He was a member of the New York State Assembly from 1987 to 1998, sitting in the 187th, 188th, 189th, 190th, 191st and 192nd New York State Legislatures. Because of his Irish roots, he quickly became involved in Irish politics throughout New York.[5][6]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Crowley greeting President Bill Clinton in 1999
Crowley with Vice President Al Gore in 1999

Democratic Congressman Thomas J. Manton retired from the Congress in 1999, having already filed for and circulated petitions for reelection. He withdrew on the last day it was legally possible to do so and arranged for Crowley, his chosen successor, to replace him on the ballot. Crowley wasn't aware of this until Manton phoned him to tell him his name would be on the general election ballot.[7]

Since 2013, Crowley has represented New York's 14th congressional district. The district includes the eastern Bronx and part of north-central Queens. The Queens portion includes the neighborhoods of Sunnyside, Astoria, College Point, East Elmhurst, Jackson Heights, Corona and Woodside. The Bronx portion of the district includes the neighborhoods of Morris Park, Parkchester, Pelham Bay, and Throgs Neck as well as City Island.

Prior to redistricting for the 2012 election, Crowley represented the 7th District, which encompassed portions of Queens and the Bronx. It included neighborhoods such as Woodside, Jackson Heights, East Elmhurst, and College Point, in Queens as well as the neighborhoods of Castle Hill, Co-op City, Parkchester, Throgs Neck, Morris Park, Pelham Parkway, Pelham Bay, Country Club, and City Island in the eastern Bronx.

On June 26, 2018, Crowley was defeated in the Democratic primary by Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez.[8][9]

Committee assignments[edit]

Caucus memberships[edit]

  • Ad Hoc Committee on Irish Affairs, Co-Chair[10]
  • Rare Disease Congressional Caucus, Co-Chair
  • Congressional Musicians Caucus, Founder and Chair
  • Bangladesh Caucus, Founder and Chair
  • Congressional Caucus on India and Indian-Americans, former co-chair
  • Animal Protection Caucus
  • Congressional Arts Caucus
  • Congressional Historic Preservation Caucus
  • Congressional LGBT Equality Caucus
  • Congressional Pro-Choice Caucus
  • National Service Caucus
  • Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus[11]

Crowley serves as Democratic Caucus Chairman of the United States House of Representatives, the fourth highest leadership position in the House Democratic Caucus.

Crowley's cousin, New York City firefighter John Moran, was killed as a result of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. Crowley authored a bill that provided the 9/11 Heroes Medal of Valor to all emergency workers who died as a result of the terrorist acts. He also created the Urban Area Security Initiative, which directs money to prevent terrorism toward regions that are seen as the most threatened.

Crowley, who has spent much time in India, created a Bangladesh caucus and was formerly the chair of the India Caucus.[12]

On October 10, 2002, Crowley was among the 81 House Democrats who voted in favor of authorizing the invasion of Iraq.[13]

Crowley joined Bronx Representative José E. Serrano in 2008 in proposing legislation to help clean up PCB-contaminated schools.[14]

In April 2011, Crowley received media attention for an angry "speech" he gave without actually speaking. Crowley ripped pieces of paper with words to deliver his message.[15][16]

Policy positions[edit]

Healthcare[edit]

Since 2005, he has consistently received ratings of 100% from NARAL,[17] and 0% from the National Right to Life Committee.[18] In 2011, he opposed a bill that would have banned taxpayer funding for abortions, and in the 2010 election he was endorsed by Planned Parenthood. In 2018, Crowley received a voting record of 100% from Planned Parenthood.[19] Since 2007, he has received a rating of 100% from the American Public Health Association, American Nurses Association, and the National Breast Cancer Coalition.[20]

Crowley has fought against the practice of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) both abroad and in the United States. In 2010, he introduced the Girls Protection Act of 2010, which would criminalize the transport of a female under the age of 18 years old to undergo FGM.[21]

Crowley has been a consistent supporter of the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (known as "Obamacare" or "ACA"). On March 22, 2010, he said, "I... support the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, a historic measure that will put families first when it comes to accessing health care coverage."[22] He opposed repealing the act and voted against a repeal on January 19, 2011.[23] Also in 2011, he held an event to celebrate the one-year anniversary of the bill's passage.[24]

In 2015, he proposed a bill with Representative Sheila Jackson Lee encouraging the collection of data on the prevalence of FGM and create a plan to better prevent the practice, which is illegal in the United States.[25]

In 2017, Crowley signed on to H.R. 676, The Expanded and Improved Medicare for All Act in the House of Representatives. This bill was introduced by former Michigan Congressman John Conyers in January 2017.[26]

Immigration[edit]

Crowley is a heavy critic of President Trump's plan to build a wall on the U.S.–Mexico border and his decision to end DACA and Temporary Protected Status protection for qualifying immigrants in 2017. In 2017, Crowley introduced a bill that would grant green cards to undocumented workers who helped to recover and clean up New York City after the terrorist attacks on September 11.[27]

Economy and budget[edit]

Crowley holds the view "that reducing barriers to investment, creating opportunities for small businesses, and providing equitable working conditions for all Americans can and should be part of our national economic policy" [28] He has supported federal spending as a way to increase economic growth. In 2008, he endorsed the Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments which established the Troubled Assets Relief Program (TARP) and allowed the Secretary of the Treasury to buy assets from troubled financial institutions.[29]

Crowley has advocated tax increases on the highest tax brackets, tax cuts for the middle class, and reduced defense spending. When serving on the Ways and Means Committee he stated, "I really don't see how it's justifiable or sensible to give a tax cut to the wealthiest among us, but at the same time increase taxes on U.S. soldiers."[30] He also applauded the 2009 Budget for ending the Alternative Minimum Tax, and ensuring tax cuts for 23 million middle class Americans.[31] In 2011, he opposed a bill that appropriated funds to the defense budget.[32]

In 2017, Crowley opposed the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, saying its only goal was to give more tax cuts to America's top 1% than the working class. In December 2017, Crowley said in a floor speech, "It's a scam and the American people know it. Is this a bill that helps people who are living paycheck to paycheck? Hell no."[33]

Other positions[edit]

Crowley has proposed legislation to improve conditions for renters in his district. In September 2017, he introduced the Rent Relief Act, which would give a refundable tax credits to renters.[34]

Crowley has a 2016 score of 95% from the League of Conservation Voters.[35]

Crowley's Irish roots have influenced his policy decisions in Congress as a member of the Friends of Ireland Caucus. He has worked on peace efforts for those involved in the conflict in Northern Ireland and securing refuge for those affected by the conflict.[36] Crowley spoke out against President Trump's effort to eliminate the position of United States Special Envoy for Northern Ireland.[37] Eventually, Trump reversed this decision.[38] Crowley was named Irish-American of the year by the Irish Echo in 2018.[39]

Crowley voted in favor of the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002.[40]

Political campaigns[edit]

Crowley was first elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1998. The seat was considered open after incumbent Thomas J. Manton retired, but not without controversy: Manton announced his retirement from Congress shortly after the deadline passed for filing for the Democratic primary. As head of the Queens Democratic Party apparatus, Manton was able to handpick his successor: Crowley, a former Manton staffer.

2018 primary loss[edit]

In the June 26, 2018 Democratic primary for his seat, Crowley was defeated by Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, who received 57% of the vote.[41] Crowley remains on the general election ballot under the Working Families Party line. Ocasio-Cortez has called on Crowley to take his name off the ballot, but he has responded that he cannot unless he moves, dies, is convicted of a felony, or files to run for another office in November as a paper candidate (which he claims would be a form of electoral fraud).[42]

Personal life[edit]

Crowley is married to Kasey Crowley, a registered nurse.[43] They have three children: Cullen, Kenzie, and Liam.[44] He is the cousin of former New York City Councilwoman Elizabeth Crowley.[45]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CROWLEY, Joseph". House of Representatives. 
  2. ^ "Decades-Old House Democratic Leadership Likely to Remain Intact". Roll Call. September 8, 2016. Retrieved September 11, 2016. 
  3. ^ "Rep. Joe Crowley defeated by challenger Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez". Washington Post. Retrieved June 27, 2018. 
  4. ^ Joseph Crowley (D). The Washington Post.
  5. ^ "Crowley Votes". The U.S. Congress Votes Database. Washington Post. Retrieved May 1, 2012. 
  6. ^ Kane, Paul (December 21, 2011). "Joseph Crowley (D-N.Y.)". Who Runs Gov. Washington Post. Retrieved May 1, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Many Foes May Struggle To Replace Rangel". The New York Sun. August 4, 2006. Retrieved November 11, 2014. 
  8. ^ "A 28-year-old Democratic Socialist just ousted a powerful, 10-term congressman in New York". 
  9. ^ "A top House Democrat just lost his primary — to a socialist". Vox. Retrieved June 27, 2018. 
  10. ^ "Committees and Caucuses | Congressman Joseph Crowley". crowley.house.gov. Retrieved April 3, 2018. 
  11. ^ "Members". Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus. Retrieved May 17, 2018. 
  12. ^ Kane, Paul (December 21, 2011). "Joseph Crowley (D - NY)". Washington Post. Retrieved May 31, 2012. 
  13. ^ "H.J.Res. 114 (107th): Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution ... (On Passage of the Bill)". GovTrack.us. October 10, 2002. Retrieved August 8, 2014. 
  14. ^ Egbert, Bill. Reps. Joseph Crowley and Jose Serrano urge federal aid for PCB cleanup. Daily News. June 5, 2008.
  15. ^ "Rep. Joe Crowley 'Speechless' Speech on the House Floor". ABC. April 14, 2011. Retrieved May 31, 2012. 
  16. ^ "Democratic Rep. Joe Crowley Gives Speechless Performance Art Presentation On House Floor". Mediaite. April 15, 2011. Retrieved May 31, 2012. 
  17. ^ "Federal Government - NARAL Pro-Choice America". NARAL Pro-Choice America. Retrieved April 3, 2018. 
  18. ^ "National Right to Life | The nation's oldest & largest pro-life organization". www.nrlc.org. Retrieved April 3, 2018. 
  19. ^ "Congressional Scorecard". www.plannedparenthoodaction.org. Retrieved April 3, 2018. 
  20. ^ "Joe Crowley's Ratings and Endorsements - Project Vote Smart". Votesmart.org. Retrieved August 8, 2014. 
  21. ^ "Joe Crowley writes anti female circumcision bill | Sunnyside Post". Sunnyside Post. June 5, 2010. Retrieved April 3, 2018. 
  22. ^ "Reconciliation Act Of 2010 - Public Statements - Project Vote Smart". Votesmart.org. March 22, 2010. Retrieved August 8, 2014. 
  23. ^ "HR 2 - Repealing the Health Care Bill - Key Vote - Project Vote Smart". Votesmart.org. Retrieved August 8, 2014. 
  24. ^ "Congressman Crowley Marks One-Year Anniversary of Health Care Law with Event at Queens Senior Center - Public Statements - Project Vote Smart". Votesmart.org. March 23, 2011. Retrieved August 8, 2014. 
  25. ^ Marcos, Cristina (February 9, 2015). "Bill calls for strategy against female genital mutilation". TheHill. Retrieved April 3, 2018. 
  26. ^ John,, Conyers, (March 7, 2018). "Cosponsors - H.R.676 - 115th Congress (2017-2018): Expanded & Improved Medicare For All Act". www.congress.gov. Retrieved April 3, 2018. 
  27. ^ Ferré-Sadurní, Luis (July 9, 2017). "Bill Would Give Green Cards to Undocumented 9/11 Volunteers". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 3, 2018. 
  28. ^ "Economy and Jobs | Congressman Joseph Crowley". Crowley.house.gov. Retrieved August 8, 2014. 
  29. ^ "HR 1424 - Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments - Key Vote - Project Vote Smart". Votesmart.org. Retrieved August 8, 2014. 
  30. ^ [1] Archived October 17, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  31. ^ "Crowley Applauds House Passage 2009 Federal Budget - Public Statements - Project Vote Smart". Votesmart.org. March 13, 2008. Retrieved August 8, 2014. 
  32. ^ "HR 1363 - 2011 Department of Defense Budget and Additional Continuing Appropriations - Key Vote - Project Vote Smart". Votesmart.org. Retrieved August 8, 2014. 
  33. ^ "'Hell No!': NY Dem, NY Republican Trade Heated Remarks Over Tax Bill". Fox News Insider. December 19, 2017. Retrieved April 3, 2018. 
  34. ^ "Chairman Crowley Announces Legislation to Provide Rent Relief for Working Families | Congressman Joseph Crowley". crowley.house.gov. Retrieved April 3, 2018. 
  35. ^ "All Member of Congress Scores". League of Conservation Voters Scorecard. Retrieved April 3, 2018. 
  36. ^ "Crowley's Work on Ireland | Congressman Joseph Crowley". crowley.house.gov. Retrieved April 3, 2018. 
  37. ^ "Chairman Crowley Statement on Special Envoy to the North of Ireland | Congressman Joseph Crowley". crowley.house.gov. Retrieved April 3, 2018. 
  38. ^ "Trump will not end Northern Ireland envoy, congressman says". The Irish Times. Retrieved April 3, 2018. 
  39. ^ "Congressman Joe Crowley is Echo Irish American of the Year for 2018". Irish Echo. January 10, 2018. Retrieved April 3, 2018. 
  40. ^ "H.J.Res. 114 (107th): Authorization for Use of Military Force Against ... -- House Vote #455 -- Oct 10, 2002". GovTrack.us. 
  41. ^ Arkin, James; Bland, Scott (June 26, 2018). "Top Democrat Crowley loses in shocker". Politico. Retrieved June 26, 2018. 
  42. ^ "Joe Crowley Is Either Still Running Against Ocasio-Cortez Or A Victim Of NY's Bewildering Election Laws". Retrieved July 13, 2018. 
  43. ^ "Joe Crowley campaign website". 
  44. ^ "RollCall.com - Member Profile - Rep. Joseph Crowley, D-N.Y." data.rollcall.com. Retrieved November 28, 2017. 
  45. ^ "Crowley concedes to Holden in Queens City Council race". am New York. Retrieved April 3, 2018. 

External links[edit]

New York Assembly
Preceded by
Ralph Goldstein
Member of the New York State Assembly
from the 30th district

1987–1998
Succeeded by
Margaret Markey
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Thomas J. Manton
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 7th congressional district

1999–2013
Succeeded by
Nydia Velázquez
Preceded by
Carolyn Maloney
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 14th congressional district

2013–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Ellen Tauscher
Chair of the New Democrat Coalition
2009–2013
Succeeded by
Ron Kind
Preceded by
Xavier Becerra
Vice Chair of the House Democratic Conference
2013–2017
Succeeded by
Linda Sánchez
Chair of the House Democratic Conference
2017–present
Incumbent
Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Mike Capuano
United States Representatives by seniority
75th
Succeeded by
John Larson