Joseph Dandridge

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Joseph Dandridge
BornJanuary 1665
Winslow, Buckinghamshire
DiedDecember 23, 1747
Scientific career

Joseph Dandridge (January 1665 Winslow, Buckinghamshire - 23 December 1747 London[1]), was an English silk-pattern designer of Huguenot descent,[2] a natural history illustrator, an amateur naturalist specialising in entomology, and a leading figure in the Society of Aurelians of which he was a founder member.[3]

Despite having left no published works, and not being part of the close-knit collectors of the Royal Society, Dandridge is credited by numerous entomologists of his time with having provided invaluable assistance and access to his extensive collections of specimens, and even near the end of his life remaining 'affable and communicative'.[4] The collections spanned, besides insects and arachnids, shells, fossils, birds' eggs and skins, flowering plants, lichens, mosses and fungi. A volume of 119 water-colours by Dandridge dating from before 1710 of the arachnids, accompanied by meticulous notes, is in the Sloane Collection of the British Museum and is designated Sloane MS 3999. W. S. Bristowe discovered that this work had been used without acknowledgement by Eleazar Albin in his Natural History of Spiders and other Curious Insects of 1736.[5]

Large numbers of Huguenot silk weavers moved to the Spitalfields area at the end of the 17th century. One of the most noted silk producers was James Leman (1688-1745), who was both designer and manufacturer and made use of other designers such as Christopher Baudouin and Joseph Dandridge.[6] A number of Dandridge's silk designs dating from 1717 to 1722 have found their way to the Victoria & Albert Museum and may be seen in the Prints & Drawings Study Room.[7]

Dandridge lived at Moorfields near Bedlam, close to his friend James Petiver, and for a while at Stoke Newington, which at that time was in the country. He became acquainted with the leading workers in the fields of his interests, such as John Ray, Adam Buddle, Benjamin Wilkes, Eleanor Glanville[8] and William Sherard, and instructed Eleazar Albin,[9] the watercolourist, in natural history.[10]

According to Mendes de Costa, Dandridge 'had two daughters who were single women'.

Commemorated by Dandridgia dysderoides White 1849.[11]


  1. ^ Desmond, Ray (1994-02-25). Dictionary of British and Irish Botanists and Horticulturists Including plant collectors, flower painters and garden designers. ISBN 9780850668438.
  2. ^ Mason, A.S. (1992). George Edwards: The Bedell and His Birds. Royal College of Physicians. p. 30. ISBN 9781873240489. Retrieved 2017-03-09.
  3. ^ "Aurelian (entomology) - מילון G". Retrieved 2017-03-09.
  4. ^ The Gentleman's Magazine. F. Jefferies. 1812. p. 514. Retrieved 2017-03-09.
  5. ^ * Review: Spider-Man at Work : David E. Allen - Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London, Vol. 47, No. 1 (Jan., 1993), pp. 144-145 - Published by: The Royal Society
  6. ^ "Spitalfields Market, Old Spitalfields Market, London E1, fashion market Spitalfields, London UK". Retrieved 2017-03-09.
  7. ^ "James Leman's textile design album - Victoria and Albert Museum". Retrieved 2017-03-09.
  8. ^ "Expired website | This website has expired". Retrieved 2017-03-09.
  9. ^ Lot 141: ELEAZAR ALBIN (fl. 1713–1759) - Featured on[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ Allen, D.E. (1976). The Naturalist in Britain: A Social History. Princeton University Press. p. 11. ISBN 9780691036328. Retrieved 2017-03-09.
  11. ^ "Full text of "Annals and Magazine of Natural History : including zoology, botany and geology"". Retrieved 2017-03-09.


  • Rothstein, Natalie. Joseph Dandridge : Naturalist and Silk Designer. East London Papers, 9 (1966), 101-18.
  • Rothstein, Natalie. Silk Designs of the Eighteenth century from the Collections of the Victoria & Albert Museum Thames & Hudson ISBN 0-500-23589-9 (1990)
  • Salmon, Michael A. The Aurelian Legacy:British Butterflies and their Collectors. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-22963-0 (2000)
  • Stewart, Larry and Weindling, Paul. Philosophical Threads: Natural Philosophy and Public Experiment among the Weavers of Spitalfields. The British Journal for the History of Science, Vol. 28, No. 1, Science Lecturing in the Eighteenth Century (Mar., 1995), pp. 37–62. Published by: Cambridge University Press on behalf of The British Society for the History of Science