Joseph Dunford

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Joseph Dunford
Dunford CJCS.JPG
Dunford in September 2015
Birth name Joseph Francis Dunford Jr.
Nickname(s) "Fighting Joe"[1]
Born (1955-12-08) December 8, 1955 (age 61)
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch  United States Marine Corps
Years of service 1977–present
Rank US Marine 10 shoulderboard.svg General
Commands held Chair of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Commandant of the Marine Corps
International Security Assistance Force
U.S. Forces Afghanistan
Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps
2nd Battalion, 6th Marines
5th Marine Regiment
I Marine Expeditionary Force
Marine Forces Central Command
Battles/wars

Global War on Terrorism

Awards Defense Distinguished Service Medal
Navy Distinguished Service Medal
Defense Superior Service Medal (2)
Legion of Merit with Valor

Joseph Francis Dunford Jr. (born December 8, 1955) is a United States Marine Corps general. He is the 19th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.[2] He was also the 36th Commandant of the Marine Corps. Dunford is the first Marine Corps officer to serve in four different four-star positions; the others include commander of the International Security Assistance Force and United States Forces-Afghanistan from February 2013 until August 2014,[3] and as the 32nd Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps from October 23, 2010, to December 15, 2012. He has also commanded several units, including the 5th Marine Regiment during the 2003 invasion of Iraq. As Chairman, Dunford is the highest-ranking military officer in the United States Armed Forces.[4]

Early life and education[edit]

Dunford was born in Boston in 1955,[5] and raised in Quincy, Massachusetts. He is of Irish background[6] and has been described as a "fervent Catholic."[7] He graduated from Boston College High School in 1973 and from Saint Michael's College in June 1977. He earned his commission the month of his college graduation. He is a graduate of the United States Army War College, Ranger School, United States Army Airborne School, and the Amphibious Warfare School. He holds a Master of Arts degree in Government from Georgetown University and a second Master of Arts in International Relations from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University.

Career[edit]

Dunford at Camp Shorabak, Afghanistan (2013)
Dunford (left) with Ash Carter at Offutt Air Force Base (2016)
Dunford in Times Square after speaking at the United Nations
Dunford speaks with Turkish Air Force Brig. Gen. Kemal Turan before departing Incirlik Air Base, Turkey, 2016.

In 1978, Dunford served in the 1st Marine Division as a platoon and company commander in 3rd Battalion 1st Marines and a company commander in 1st Battalion 9th Marines until 1981. He served as the aide to the commanding general of III Marine Expeditionary Force for a year, then transferred to the Officer Assignment Branch at Headquarters Marine Corps in Washington, D.C.. He reported to the 2nd Marine Division in June 1985 and commanded L Company of 3rd Battalion 6th Marines. In 1987, he was reassigned to 2nd Air Naval Gunfire Liaison Company as the Operations, Plans, and Training Officer.[8]

From 1988 to 1991, Dunford was assigned as the Marine Officer Instructor at the College of the Holy Cross and Officer Candidates School at Marine Corps Base Quantico. In 1992, he was assigned to HQMC as a member of the Commandant’s staff group and subsequently as the Senior Aide to the Commandant of the Marine Corps. In 1995, he joined the 6th Marine Regiment as the executive officer, then went on to command 2nd Battalion 6th Marines from 1996 until 1998.

In 1999, Dunford was the executive assistant to the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (under both Generals Joseph Ralston and Richard Myers) and as Chief, Global and Multilateral Affairs Division (J-5) until 2001. He next served in the 1st Marine Division where he was assigned to command the 5th Marine Regiment, then as the division's chief of staff and assistant commander.[9] During this time, he served 22 months in Iraq.[10] During his command of RCT-5 in the 2003 invasion of Iraq, he earned the nickname "Fighting Joe" under James Mattis.[11]

From 2005 to 2007, Dunford returned to Headquarters Marine Corps to serve as the Director of the Operations Division of the Plans, Policies and Operations staff, and eventually became the Vice Director for Operations (J-3) at the Joint Staff in 2008.[12] In December 2007, Dunford was nominated for promotion to the rank of major general.[13] In February, Secretary of Defense Robert Gates announced that President George W. Bush had nominated Dunford for promotion to lieutenant general and appointment as Deputy Commandant for Plans, Policies and Operations, to succeed LtGen Richard F. Natonski.[13] In April 2008, his appointment to the permanent rank of major general was confirmed by the United States Senate, and he was simultaneously appointed to the grade of lieutenant general for his new assignment.

Dunford served a dual role in his assignment as Deputy Commandant for Plans, Policies, and Operations:[14]

  • Is the Operations Deputy (OpsDep) for the Commandant on all Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) matters. Serves as the focal point for the interface between the Marine Corps (as one of the four Services) and the joint and combined activities of the JCS and the unified Commanders-in-Chief, and various allied and other foreign Defense agencies.
  • Is responsible for coordinating the development and execution of service plans and policies related to the structure, deployment, and employment of Marine Corps forces in general.

On May 1, 2009, the Pentagon announced that President Barack Obama had appointed Dunford to serve as the commanding general of I Marine Expeditionary Force and Marine Forces Central Command.[15]

Less than a year into that assignment, Dunford was nominated by Secretary of Defense Robert Gates to succeed James F. Amos as Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps, who had been nominated to succeed James Conway as Commandant.[16][17] President Obama approved his promotion and Dunford assumed the duties and new rank on 23 October 2010.[18]

On October 10, 2012, General Dunford was nominated by President Barack Obama to lead U.S. and NATO forces in Afghanistan.[19] After an investigation into inappropriate communications from the commander in Afghanistan, General John R. Allen, was opened, Secretary Panetta requested that General Dunford's nomination be acted on promptly.[20] Dunford assumed command of the International Security Assistance Force and U.S. Forces Afghanistan (USFOR-A) from General Allen,[3] who had since been cleared in the Pentagon's investigation involving his e-mails in the Petraeus scandal, on February 10, 2013.[21]

On June 5, 2014, General Dunford was nominated by President Obama to be the 36th Commandant of the Marine Corps. His nomination was confirmed by the Senate on July 23, 2014, and he became Commandant on October 17, 2014.[22] On January 23, 2015, General Dunford released the 36th Commandant's Planning Guidance.[23]

Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff[edit]

Dunford, Hulusi Akar and Valery Gerasimov are discussing their nations’ operations in northern Syria, March 2017

President Barack Obama nominated Dunford to be the next Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on May 5, 2015.[24] He was confirmed by the U.S. Senate, and took over from Army General Martin Dempsey on September 25, 2015, and officially took office on October 1, 2015.[4] He serves with Gen. Paul Selva, USAF, former Commander of U.S. Transportation Command, who is the current Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.[25] Dunford is the only Marine to have served as Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps, Commandant of the Marine Corps, and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He was nominated for a second term as Chairman by President Donald Trump on May 16, 2017.[26][27]

Effective dates of promotion[edit]

Promotions
Insignia Rank Date
gold vertical bar
Second Lieutenant 1977
silver vertical bar
First Lieutenant
two silver vertical bars
Captain
gold oak leaf
Major
Silver oak leaf
Lieutenant colonel
Silver eagle with shield clutching arrows
Colonel
Single silver star
Brigadier general 2004
Two silver stars
Major general Appointed to major general and confirmed by the United States Senate in April 2008. Simultaneously he was appointed Deputy Commandant for Plans, Policies and Operations in the rank of lieutenant general.
Three silver stars
Lieutenant general  2008
Four silver stars
General 2010

Awards and decorations[edit]

Dunford is the recipient of the following awards:

United States Navy Parachutist Badge.png
Bronze oak leaf cluster
V
Gold star
1 golden star.svg1 golden star.svg1 golden star.svg
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze-service-star-3d.pngBronze-service-star-3d.png
Silver-service-star-3d.pngBronze-service-star-3d.png Darjah Utama Bakti Cemerlang (Tentera) ribbon.png
Joint Chiefs of Staff seal.svg
Navy and Marine Corps Parachutist Insignia
Defense Distinguished Service Medal Navy Distinguished Service Medal
Defense Superior Service Medal w/ 1 bronze oak leaf cluster Legion of Merit w/ Combat V Defense Meritorious Service Medal Meritorious Service Medal w/ award star
Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal w/ 3 award stars Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal Combat Action Ribbon Navy and Marine Corps Presidential Unit Citation
Joint Meritorious Unit Award w/ 1 bronze oak leaf cluster Navy Unit Commendation Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation National Defense Service Medal w/ 1 service star
Afghanistan Campaign Medal w/ 1 service star Iraq Campaign Medal w/ 2 service stars Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal Global War on Terrorism Service Medal
Navy Sea Service Deployment Ribbon w/ 6 service stars Military Medal "Fé en la Causa" (Colombian General Command of the Military Forces)[28] Singaporean Distinguished Service Order (Military)[29] NATO Medal for ISAF
Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Identification Badge

He holds Rifle Expert (3rd award) and Pistol Sharpshooter marksmanship badges as well as the U.S. Army Ranger tab

Non-military recognition: On April 6, 2016, General Dunford was honored with the Tragedy Assistance Program for Survivors (TAPS) "Honor Guard Gala Military [sic] Award", which he received "on Behalf of America's Armed Forces".[30]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Army document "Official Biography: Lieutenant General Joseph F. Dunford, Jr., Deputy Commandant for Plans, Policies, and Operations".

  1. ^ Mohammad Manzarpour (21 February 2013). "Joseph Dunford: "Fighting Joe" to lead United States out of Afghanistan". BBC News. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  2. ^ Gal Perl Finkel, President-elect Trump – the ‘West Wing’ lesson, The Jerusalem Post, November 15, 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Leadership: General Joseph F. Dunford, Jr.". isaf.nato.int. Kabul, Afghanistan: International Security Assistance Force. Retrieved 18 October 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "General Joseph F. Dunford, Jr.". 
  5. ^ "Hearings before the Committee on Armed Services, United States Senate, 112th Congress, 2nd Session, on Nominations" (PDF). GPO.gov. Washington, DC: GPO. 2012. Retrieved 18 October 2014. 
  6. ^ LOLITA C. BALDOR (5 May 2015). "5 Things to Know About Gen. Joseph Dunford". Associated Press. ABC News. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  7. ^ Hope Hodge Seck (9 Jun 2014). "Quiet brawler: Everything you need to know about the next commandant". Marine Corps Times. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  8. ^ Gal Perl Finkel, Back to the ground?, Israel Hayom, November 8, 2015.
  9. ^ Gal Perl Finkel, General Mattis: A warrior diplomat, The Jerusalem Post, December 12, 2016.
  10. ^ Chaisson, Stephanie (18 June 2007). "Stars and Stripes - Pride in the flag - Quincy continues Flag Day tradition". The Patriot Ledger. Quincy, MA. Retrieved 7 January 2009. 
  11. ^ North, Oliver; Mussler, Joe (2003). War Stories: Operation Iraqi Freedom. Jenkins, Griff. Washington, D.C.: Regnery Publishing and Fox News. ISBN 0895260379. Retrieved 2010-06-16. 
  12. ^ "Brigadier General Joseph F. Dunford, Jr., Vice Director for Operations, J-3". jcs.mil. Arlington County, Virginia: Joint Chiefs of Staff. Archived from the original on 2008-10-19. 
  13. ^ a b Johnson, Kimberly (24 February 2008). "3 tapped for stars". Marine Corps Times. Retrieved 18 October 2014.  (Viewing article requires answering survey or viewing advertisement video)
  14. ^ "Plans, Policies, and Operations". HQMC, United States Marine Corps. Archived from the original on 19 May 2007. Retrieved 7 January 2009. 
  15. ^ "United States Department of Defense". 
  16. ^ "Gates pegs Amos to lead Marine Corps". United Press International. June 15, 2010. Retrieved 16 June 2010. 
  17. ^ Cavas, Christopher P. (June 15, 2010). "Amos expected to be named commandant". Marine Corps Times. Retrieved 16 June 2010. 
  18. ^ ALMAR 040/10
  19. ^ Chandrasekaran, Rijev (11 October 2012). "In Afghanistan, Marine Gen. Dunford is expected to take command of allied forces". The Washington Post. Retrieved 18 October 2014. 
  20. ^ "David Petraeus CIA scandal engulfs US Gen John Allen". BBC News. 13 November 2012. 
  21. ^ Gen. John R. Allen Exhonerated Washington Post 23 January 2013
  22. ^ "Dunford confirmed as 36th commandant of the Marine Corps". Marine Corps Times. Retrieved 2014-07-25. 
  23. ^ http://www.hqmc.marines.mil/Portals/142/Docs/2015CPG_Color.pdf
  24. ^ Schogol, Jeff (5 May 2015). "Dunford tapped for Joint Chiefs chairman, Selva for vice". Military Times. Retrieved 5 May 2015. 
  25. ^ Selva, McDew confirmed as vice chairman of JCS, head of TRANSCOM, Jeff Schogol, Air Force Times, 28 July 2015, accessed 30 July 2015
  26. ^ "PN472 — Gen. Joseph F. Dunford Jr. — Marine Corps". U.S. Congress. 16 May 2017. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  27. ^ "General Officer Announcement". U.S. Department of Defense. 19 May 2017. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  28. ^ "Joint Chiefs of Staff". 
  29. ^ "Dunford receives 1st class of Singapore DSO (M)". DoD. 
  30. ^ http://www.taps.org/media/press.aspx?id=14897. Retrieved 5 August, 2016.

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
John R. Allen
Commander of the International Security Assistance Force
2013–2014
Succeeded by
John F. Campbell
Preceded by
James F. Amos
Commandant of the Marine Corps
2014–2015
Succeeded by
Robert Neller
Preceded by
Martin Dempsey
Chair of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
2015–present
Incumbent
Order of precedence
Preceded by
Michael Kennedy
as Chair of the Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board
Order of Precedence of the United States
as Chair of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Succeeded by
Paul Selva
as Vice Chair of the Joint Chiefs of Staff