Joseph E. Haynes

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Joseph Emmett Haynes
Joseph Emmett Haynes.jpg
Born 1826
Died 1897 (aged 70–71)
Monuments The Pequannock Gate
Occupation School principal
Title Mayor of Newark, New Jersey
Term 1884-1894
Predecessor Henry Lang
Successor Julius A. Lebkuecher
Political party Democratic Party

Joseph Emmett Haynes (1826–1897) was the twentieth mayor of Newark, New Jersey 1884 to 1894. A Democrat who explicitly appealed to the working class, Haynes is chiefly remembered for securing Newark a safe and abundant water supply, and his mayoralty is seen as a turning point in the prosperity of Newark.[1][2]

Biography[edit]

Haynes instigated a £6 million project to obtain water from the Pequannock River rather than the polluted Passaic River, which resulted in a 70% decline in typhoid deaths.[3]

Haynes held a Semi-Centennial Celebration for Newark on 5 January 1886, and its success led to him being called the "Semi-Centennial Mayor".[4] However, local newspapers criticised Haynes' use of patronage, calling the Board of Health the "Board of Junket" and dubbing him "Picnic Joe" for his use of hospitalities. He faced accusations of accepting gifts in exchange for contracts and ballot rigging.[3]

Before he was elected mayor Haynes was principal of Morton Street School.[1][3] He left office in 1894 to become postmaster of Newark. The Pequannock Gate, also known as the North Newark Castle, is a memorial to him.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b A History of the City of Newark - New Jersey - Embracing Practically Two and a Half Centuries 1666-1913. II. Read Books. ISBN 978-1-4446-3990-2. 
  2. ^ Dillworth, Richardson (2005). The urban origins of suburban autonomy. Harvard University Press. p. 267. ISBN 0-674-01531-2. 
  3. ^ a b c Tuttle, Brad R. (2009). How Newark Became Newark: The Rise, Fall, and Rebirth of an American City. Rutgers University Press. p. 352. ISBN 0-8135-4490-4. 
  4. ^ Cummings, Charles F. (15 January 2004). "Grand parades marked special dates in city's history". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved 2009-10-01. 
  5. ^ "North Newark's Castle". Newark History. Retrieved 2009-10-01.