Joseph Ferdinand Maria of Salern

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Joseph Ferdinand Maria of Salern
Double portrait of Elector Maximilian III Joseph of Bavaria and Count Joseph of Salern, by Johann Jakob Dorner the Elder, 1765
Born 1718
Berg bei Kling, Upper Bavaria
Died (1805-12-07)7 December 1805
Munich, Kingdom of Bavaria
Noble family House of Wittelsbach
Spouse(s) Marie Mechthildis of Törring-Seefeld
Josepha of La Rosee
Father Ferdinand Maria Innocenz of Bavaria
Mother Countess Marie Adelheid Fortunata of Spaur

Count Ferdinand Joseph Maria of Salern (1718 – 7 December 1805) was an illegitimate son of Prince Ferdinand Maria Innocenz of Bavaria (1699-1738) and Countess Marie Adelheid Fortunata of Spaur. He was thus a nephew of Emperor Charles VII and his brothers Clemens Augustus, elector and archbishop of Cologne, and Cardinal Johann Theodore, bishop of Freising, Regensburg and Liège.

Salern owned the Lordship of Geltolfing near Straubing. During the Napoleonic Wars, he served as a general of the artillery. From 1804, he had his own infantry regiment "Count Salern", which had been formed from the Royal Bavarian Infantry Regiment No. 4 "King William of Württemberg".

As the General Intendant for music at the Bavarian court, he was a patron of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. In 1779, he was elected as a full member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities. In the painting at the top of this article, he is represented as a trusted friend of his cousin Maximilian III Joseph, in the "woodturning" cabinet at Nymphenburg Palace.

Marriages and issue[edit]

Salern was married twice. His first marriage was to Countess Marie Mechthildis of Törring-Seefeld (1734-1764). He had a son with her, Maximilian of Salern. With his death, the Salern line died out.

His second wife was Countess Josepha of La Rosee (died 1772). With her, he had two daughters, Maria Josepha and Adelaide.


  • Hans & Marga Rall: Die Wittelsbacher in Lebensbildern, Munich, 1986; ISBN 3-222-11669-5
  • Hans & Erich Valentin, Eckehardt Nölle and Horst Stierhof: Die Wittelsbacher und ihre Künstler in acht Jahrhunderten, Munich, 1980; ISBN 3-7991-6085-X
  • Carl Eduard Vehse: Die Höfe zu Bayern, Leipzig, 1994; ISBN 3-378-00562-9
  • Felix Joseph Lipowsky: Leben und Thaten des Maximilian Joseph, III, Munich, 1833