Joseph Frederick Laycock

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Sir Joseph Frederick Laycock
Born (1867-06-12)12 June 1867
Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, England
Died 10 January 1952(1952-01-10) (aged 84)
East Retford, Nottinghamshire, England
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  British Army
Rank Brigadier
Commands held

Nottinghamshire Royal Horse Artillery

CRHA ANZAC Mounted Division
Battles/wars Second Boer War
First World War
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
Distinguished Service Order
Territorial Decoration
Relations Robert Laycock
Sir Byron Leighton Claud Grenfel Major Frederick Russell Burnham Captain Gordon Forbes Abe Bailey unidentified Lord Brooke Major Bobby White Lord Downe Major-General Sir Henry Edward Colville Major Harry White Major Joe Laycock Sir Winston Churchill Sir Charles Bentinck Colonel Maurice Gifford unidentifiedA formative photograph of 17 men. Eight stand, seven sit on chairs and two are on the floor.
Returning from the Boer War on the RMS Dunottar Castle, July 1900.[1] Standing L-R: Sir Byron Leighton, Claud Grenfel, Major Frederick Russell Burnham, Captain Gordon Forbes, Abe Bailey (his son John would marry Diana Churchill in 1932), next two unidentified, John Weston Brooke. Seated L-R: Major Bobby White, Lord Downe, General Sir Henry Edward Colvile (a year later Churchill as MP would demand an inquiry over his dismissal from South Africa), Major Harry White, Major Joe Laycock, Winston Churchill, Sir Charles Bentinck. Sitting L-R: unidentified, Col. Maurice Gifford (who had lost his arm in the Second Matabele War).

Brigadier Sir Joseph Frederick Laycock KCMG DSO TD (12 June 1867 – 10 January 1952) was a British soldier, and Olympic sailor.

Military career[edit]

Laycock served with the Nottinghamshire (Sherwood Rangers) Yeomanry in South Africa during the Second Boer War 1899-1900, for which he was appointed a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order (DS) in November 1900.[2]

Back in the United Kingdom, Laycock was the High Sheriff of Nottinghamshire in 1906.[3] He was the first colonel of the Nottinghamshire Royal Horse Artillery when it was formed in 1908 as part of the new Territorial Force. He funded the founding of the battery himself.[4]

During the First World War he served with his battery in the Middle East and also served with the Duke of Westminster's armoured car unit when it was involved in a widely reported incident where it rescued prisoners of war from Senussi tribesmen.[5] Later he became the Commander Royal Artillery for the ANZAC Mounted Division.[6] During the Second World War, he commanded the Nottinghamshire Home Guard.[7]

He was friends with Hugh Grosvenor, 2nd Duke of Westminster,[4] and they competed together in the 1908 Olympics at Water Motorpsort.[7]

He lived at Wiseton Hall in Nottinghamshire.[4] and was a Deputy Lieutenant and Lord Lieutenant for that county.

One of his children, Sir Robert Laycock, was also knighted and awarded the Distinguished Service Order for his services in the Second World War.


  1. ^ "FinestHour" (pdf). Journal of the Churchill Center and Societies, Summer 2005. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 August 2007. Retrieved 2 August 2007. 
  2. ^ "no. 27359". The London Gazette. 27 September 1901. p. 6303. 
  3. ^ "no. 27890". The London Gazette. 27 February 1906. p. 1433. Retrieved 13 April 2008. 
  4. ^ a b c Nottingham Evening Post 20 May 1997
  5. ^ The Western Frontier Force Archived 13 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Farndale, Martin (1988). The Forgotten Fronts and the Home Base, 1914-18. Henry Ling. p. 440. 
  7. ^ a b Burke, Sir Bernard (1969), Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry: Volume 2, Burke's Peerage (p. 390)