Joseph Gabel

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Joseph Gabel (12 July 1912 in Hungary – 15 June 2004 in Paris) was a French Hungarian-born sociologist and philosopher. His work was always strongly influenced by Marxism; he was against Stalinism and critical of the work of Louis Althusser.

He first studied Psychopathology with Eugène Minkowski,[1] then he turned to Sociology (he was mainly influenced by Karl Mannheim and Georg Lukács). He taught at the Mohammed-V University of Rabat from 1965 to 1971, and at Amiens University from 1971 to 1980.

In 1962, he published his most important work: False Consciousness: An Essay on Reification. From the standpoint of psychopathology, this study works to synthesize Marxist notions of "False Consciousness" and reification with the study of Schizophrenia.[1] In the following years, Gabel's works stressed the analysis of ideologies and marxist theory of alienation (The Sociology of Alienation, 1971; Idéologies 1974 - 1978; Alienation Today, 1974). Gabel also wrote the articles "Utopia" and "Ideology" in the Encyclopedia Universalis and he was one of the only French specialists on Karl Mannheim.

Publications in French[edit]

  • (in French) Génie et folie chez Guy de Maupassant, Paris, Jouve, 1940 (Thesis, Paris. Doctorat d'Université. 1940, no 117)
  • (in French) La Fausse Conscience : essai sur la réification, Paris, Éditions de Minuit, « Arguments », 1962.
  • (in French) Sociologie de l'aliénation, Paris, PUF, « Bibliothèque de sociologie contemporaine », 1971.
  • (in French) L'Aliénation aujourd'hui, Paris, Anthropos, 1974.
  • (in French) Idéologies 1 (Articles, 1948–1972), Paris, Éditions Anthropos, 1974.
  • (in French) Idéologies. 2, Althussérisme et stalinisme, (Articles and conferences), Paris, Éditions Anthropos, 1978. ISBN 978-2-7157-0320-9
  • (in French) (dir.), with Bernard Rousset, Trinh Van Thao and al., Actualité de la dialectique, Colloque du Centre universitaire de recherche sociologique d'Amiens, Chantilly, septembre 1977 ; Paris, Éditions Anthropos, 1980. ISBN 2-7157-1003-8
  • (in French) Mannheim et le marxisme hongrois, Paris, Méridiens-Klincksieck, « Sociétés », 1987. ISBN 2-86563-177-X
  • (in French) Réflexions sur l'avenir des juifs : racisme et aliénation, Paris, Méridiens-Klincksieck, 1987. ISBN 2-86563-187-7
  • (in French) Études dialectiques, Paris, Méridiens-Klincksieck, 1990. ISBN 2-86563-267-9
  • (in French) Mensonge et maladie mentale, Paris, Éditions Allia, 1995. ISBN 2-904235-96-5
  • (in French)"Communisme et dialectique". In: Revue Les Lettres Nouvelles, 6eme année, Avril 1958, n° 59.
  • (in French)"La crise du marxisme et la psychologie". In: Revue Arguments. Revue trimestrielle, Les Editions de Minuit, n° 18, 1960 theme l'homme probleme: anthropologie, marxisme, psychanalyse.
  • (in French)"Sur Marxisme, anarchisme, psychologie sociale". In: Revue Arguments. Revue trimestrielle, Les Editions de Minuit, numéro 25-26, 1er et 2e trimestres 1962, theme la question politique (I).
  • (in French)"Valeur clinique du test de Szondi". Psyché (Paris), Revue Internationale des Sciences de l'Homme et de la Psychanalyse, 1951.
  • (in French)"Racisme et Aliénation,” in Praxis International, Vol. II, No. 4, January, 1983.

Publications in English[edit]

  • False consciousness : an essay on reification. Translated from the French by Margaret A. Thompson with the assistance of Kenneth A. Thompson ; introduction by Kenneth A. Thompson. Oxford : Blackwell, 1975.
  • Karl Mannheim and Hungarian Marxism. Translated by William M. Stein and James McCrate. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers, c1991.
  • Ideologies and the corruption of thought (ed. & introd. by Alan Sica). New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 1997.
  • "Hungarian Marxism." In: Telos, Number 25 (Fall 1975). Telos Press
  • "Utopian and False Consciousness." In: Telos, Number 29 (Fall 1976). Telos Press

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

External links[edit]