This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (June 2014)
Grohé in Nazi uniform
|Gauleiter of Cologne|
|Reichskommissar for Belgium and Northern France|
18 July 1944 – 15 December 1944
|Appointed by||Adolf Hitler|
|Preceded by||none (position created)|
|Born||November 6, 1902
Gemünden im Hunsrück, German Empire
|Died||December 27, 1987 (aged 85)
Köln, West Germany
Politics and official positions
Grohé was already active in anti-democratic and racist organizations as an adolescent. He joined the anti-Semitic Deutschvölkischer Schutz und Trutzbund and the Nazi Party in 1921. He was co-founder of the Nazi organization in Cologne in 1922 and founder of its newspaper, the Westdeutscher Beobachter. In 1931 he was appointed Gauleiter (regional party leader) of Cologne-Aachen, and in 1932 he was elected to both the Reichstag and the Prussian Staatsrat (State Council).
In July 1944, in addition to these posts, he was made the Reichskommissar of the newly created civilian administration in German-occupied Belgium and Northern France. From September 1944, however, the territory's liberation by the Allies begun. In 1945, he organized the Cologne Volkssturm and ordered the demolition of five large bridges over the Rhine.
He was arrested by the British occupation authorities in Cologne in 1945 and imprisoned until 1950.
After the war, Grohé remained dedicated to the Nazi cause for the rest of his life and showed no remorse. In 1950, he was sentenced to a four and a half years imprisonment (time served) by a court in Bielefeld for being a part of the political leadership of the Nazi party. He had known of the Holocaust, but the court was not able to prove his involvement in atrocities. After being released from imprisonment, he continued his professional career as a sales representative for German toy manufacturers. He died on 27th of December 1987 in Brück, Cologne.
- Ernst Klee, Das Personen-lexikon zum Dritten Reich (Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, Frankfurt-am-Main, 2005), 202
- Gauleiter: The Regional Leaders Of The Nazi Party And Their Deputies, 1925-1945 (Herbert Albreacht-H. Wilhelm Huttmann)-Volume 1 by Michael D. Miller and Andreas Schulz R. James Bender Publishing, 2012.