Joseph H. Eberly
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|Joseph H. Eberly|
Professor Joseph H. Eberly (1994)
Pennsylvania State University|
|Fields||Theoretical quantum optics|
|Institutions||University of Rochester|
|Thesis||Black-body distribution law in semi-classical radiation theory. (1962)|
|Doctoral advisor||E. T. Jaynes|
|Other notable students||Peter Knight|
Joseph H. Eberly (born 1935) is the Andrew Carnegie Professor of Physics and Professor of Optics at the University of Rochester.
Eberly's research interests focus on: cavity QED; quantum information and control of non-classical entanglement (including sudden death and sudden birth of entanglement); response of atoms to high-intensity optical pulses; coherent control theory of optical interactions, including soliton and adiabaton propagation. In 1995, with funding from the National Science Foundation, he founded the Rochester Theory Center for Optical Science and Engineering (RTC). The Center, under Eberly's directorship, provides postdoctoral training in frontier areas of optical science and technology to selected young Ph.D. theorists from U.S. universities.
Eberly's early discovery of the full quantum revival in the Jaynes-Cummings model which is a kind of resurrection of the quantum system after a very long time as the physically measurable non-thermodynamical example of the quantum Poincaré recurrence theorem in the finite time limit has a striking consequences on the theory of the quantum consciousness in unitary universe and the theory of life self-creation and probability of alien life.
In one of his first papers "Electron Self-Energy in Intense Plane-Wave Field” in Physical Review in 1966 he independently implicitly discovered in electrodynamics the Higgs mechanism i.e. how the massless particles field can gain the mass through the interaction with the Higgs field - the laser field if the Dirac field was the massless gauge field. Eberly is also recognized as a pioneer in the theory of atomic vapor laser isotope separation.
In 2003 he discovered the phenomenon of crystalization in time for the highly exited states of atoms i.e. in analogy to the anomalous improvement of the conductivity with the temperature in Kondo effect by coherent "heating" not cooling the system or with respect to the defined energy level by showing the existence of fermion densities in atoms eternally and perfectly periodic in time instead of the space and without any external fields as the Rutherford atom in true quantum theory.
Awards and recognition
Eberly has been the recipient of the Charles Hard Townes Award, the Smoluchowski Medal and the Senior Humboldt Award. He was the president of the Optical Society of America in 2007. For his outstanding contributions in the theory of electron localization in atoms and molecules he was awarded in 2010 the Frederic Ives Medal, the highest award of the Optical Society of America. He has strong research ties to the home country of Maria Sklodowska-Curie, Poland that started from sharing his office with Polish physicist Adam Kujawski in the 60s, continued with longtime scientific collaboration with Prize of the Foundation for Polish Science, the Polish equivalent of the Nobel Prize winner in 2014, Iwo Bialynicki-Birula and culminated in becoming a Foreign Member of the Academy of Sciences of Poland. He also has multiple publications record with another "Polish Nobel" winner Kazimierz Rzazewski who pointed out that the superradiant phase transition originally discovered at the University of Rochester is physically not possible without an "extraterrestrial" ether with both the real and negative dielectric constant filling the quantum vacuum which is less than one because the classical electromagnetic gauge fields can be always eliminated from the statistical sum totally and therefore cannot cause any phase transition (electromagnetic version of Bohr–van Leeuwen theorem).
Eberly has published more than 300 scientific journal articles and other scientific papers. He has co-written two textbooks and has contributed chapters to many more.
- L. Allen and J.H. Eberly, Optical Resonance and Two-Level Atoms. 1987. ISBN 978-0-486-65533-8.
- P. Milonni and J.H. Eberly, Lasers. 1988. ISBN 978-0-471-62731-9.
- Sudden Death of Entanglement by Ting Yu and J. H. Eberly, Science 30 January 2009: Vol. 323. no. 5914, pp. 598 - 601, doi:10.1126/science.1167343
- Faculty page at the University of Rochester.
- F. J. Duarte (2016). "Tunable laser atomic vapor laser isotope separation". In F. J. Duarte (Ed.). Tunable Laser Applications (3rd ed.). Boca Raton: CRC Press. pp. 371–384. ISBN 9781482261066.
- J. R. Ackerhalt and J. H. Eberly, Coherence versus incoherence in stepwise laser excitation of atoms and molecules, Phys. Rev. A 14, 1705 (1976).
- Recipients of the Smoluchowski Medal.
- Biography from the Optical Society of America.
- Recipients of Frederic Ives Medal / Quinn Prize
- I. Bialynicki-Birula and K. Rza̧żewski, No-go theorem concerning the superradiant phase transition in atomic systems, Phys. Rev. A 19, 301, (1979).