Joseph Ivess (8 February 1844 – 4 September 1919) was a member of the New Zealand House of Representatives. He had an association with a large number of newspapers.
Early life and Australia
Joseph Ivess was born in Askeaton, County Limerick, Ireland in 1844. His parents were John Pope Ivess and Anne Southwell. The family emigrated to Melbourne, Australia, in 1852. Ivess attended Barnett's Grammar School in Emerald Hill. His father became a police sergeant. In 1864, he married Sarah Ann Reddin at Castlemaine, Victoria. In 1866, he worked on the staff of the Bendigo Independent. A photograph of Ivess with his family shows nine children.
On his arrival in New Zealand in 1868 he began work as the manager, and perhaps printer, of the New Zealand Celt at Hokitika. It is hardly surprising that an Irishman emigrating from Melbourne to New Zealand would land at Hokitika. The West Coast gold fields were at that time full of fellow countrymen and shipping routes made that coast a natural landfall. Ivess probably found employment rapidly as the manager of the New Zealand Celt, the Irish Catholic Party's newspaper whose proprietor John Manning was charged with seditious libel for erecting a memorial to the Fenian martyrs of Manchester in the Hokitika Cemetery. It may have been in this heady political atmosphere that the seeds of Ivess's political ambitions were planted and nurtured. By 1870 Ivess had definitely established a printing business at Hokitika in partnership with George Tilbrook, as shown by advertisements in the first issue of the Tomahawk (5 March 1870) and subsequent issues. This heavily satirical weekly and its successor, the Lantern, must also have encouraged Ivess in his political aspirations, for they relied on criticism of local and national political events for their effect. Even at this early stage in his career Ivess demonstrated a propensity for attracting legal action, being named as a defendant in a libel action in the Tomahawk (16 and 30 April 1870). To be fair, Ivess was not alone among newspapermen in being sued frequently. Conservative libel laws were retained in New Zealand long after they had been redrafted in England and resulted in frequent lawsuits of which Ivess attracted his fair share.
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He used his various newspaper interests to increase his name recognition for election purposes. In September 1875, the first hint appeared that he would challenge Harry Atkinson in the Egmont electorate at the next general election, although it was clear that he would not stand a chance against the Colonial Treasurer. The election was held on 3 January 1876 and Atkinson defeated Ivess by 225 votes to 73.
Ivess contested the Wakanui electorate in South Canterbury in the 1881 election against Cathcart Wason and Charles Purnell. Ivess petitioned against Wason's election win on numerous grounds. The election petitions court started hearing the case in February 1882. Members were sworn in on 18 May 1882 for the first session of the 8th Parliament. Wason was not present. On the following day, the results of the various election petitions were read out, and the 1881 Wakanui election was declared void. Wason lost his seat in Parliament without having ever taken it. A 16 June 1882 by-election was held, which was contested by Alfred Saunders and Ivess. Ivess and Saunders received 604 and 541 votes, and Ivess was thus declared elected.
Having moved to the North Island, Ivess contested the Napier electorate in the 1887 election against the incumbent John Davies Ormond, but was beaten. After that, he lived in New South Wales for some years.
Back in New Zealand from 1893, he concentrated his activities in the North Island, especially in the Taranaki and Rangitikei areas. He returned for some years to Ashburton around the turn of the century, and from 1903 based himself in the central North Island. A description of Ivess in late 1875 portrayed him as a "fine plump man with a well-groomed appearance. He wore a moustache and a little bunch of hair on his under lip, as was customary in some professional men of those days. . . . Always an optimist, it was hard for others to compete with him."
Ivess stood in several more elections, including Ashburton in 1896, and Selwyn in 1902, 1905 and 1908 (every time beaten by Charles Hardy). He contested the 1911 election in the Waimarino electorate as an Independent Liberal, but was eliminated in the first ballot.
Death and commemoration
- Harvey, Ross. "Ivess, Joseph". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 14 April 2012.
- Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. p. 212.
- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. p. 181. OCLC 154283103.
- "Telegrams". Colonist. XVIII (2016). 6 January 1876. p. 3. Retrieved 13 April 2012.
- "The General Elections". The Star (4248). 2 December 1881. p. 3. Retrieved 31 July 2010.
- "Election Petition Court". The Star (4316). 22 February 1882. p. 4. Retrieved 31 July 2010.
- "Thursday, May 18". Clutha Leader. VIII (450). 26 May 1882. p. 3. Retrieved 31 July 2010.
- "Friday, 19 May". Clutha Leader. VIII (450). 26 May 1882. p. 3. Retrieved 31 July 2010.
- "Local & General". The Star (4409). 12 June 1882. p. 2. Retrieved 31 July 2010.
- "Wakanui Election". The Star (4414). 17 June 1882. p. 3. Retrieved 31 July 2010.
- "The General Election, 1884". National Library. 1884. pp. 1–3. Retrieved 17 March 2012.
- Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. p. 116.
- "The General Election, 1887". National Library. 1887. pp. 1–4. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
- "Public Notices". Ashburton Guardian. XVII (4061). 7 December 1896. p. 3. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
- "The General Election, 1902". National Library. 1903. p. 2. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
- "The General Election, 1905". National Library. 1906. p. 3. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
- "The General Election, 1908". National Library. June 1906. p. 19. Retrieved 14 April 2012.
- "Wellington Province". Poverty Bay Herald. XXXVIII (12632). 8 December 1911. p. 5. Retrieved 15 November 2013.
- "Christchurch City Council Cemeteries Database". Christchurch City Libraries. Retrieved 3 May 2011.