Joseph J. McCarthy
|Joseph Jeremiah McCarthy|
Joseph J. McCarthy
August 10, 1911|
|Died||June 15, 1996
Palm Beach, Florida
|Place of burial||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Marine Corps|
|Years of service||1937-1941, 1942-1971|
previously a First Sergeant
|Unit||2nd Battalion 24th Marines|
|Battles/wars||World War II
- Battle of Roi-Namur
- Battle of Saipan
- Battle of Tinian
- Battle of Iwo Jima
|Awards||Medal of Honor
Purple Heart (x2)
|Other work||Chief, Chicago Fire Department|
Joseph Jeremiah McCarthy (August 10, 1911 – June 15, 1996) was a mustang officer in the United States Marine Corps Reserve, who served during World War II and the Korean War. He was also the Superintendent of Ambulances in the Chicago Fire Department, however, with respect for his wartime heroics, firefighters continued to address him by his wartime military rank of "Captain."
Historian Bill D. Ross would write about him in 1985:
McCarthy was thirty three; overage for a company commander. He was Irish and he looked it: husky, red complexioned, pug nose. Superior officers sometimes found his manner abrasive, but unlike many Irishmen, he wasn't talkative. He was, in fact, laconic and tight-lipped. "I don't like malarkey or bullshit," the Chicagoan often said. But Joe McCarthy knew the uncompromising business of battle; he had the Silver Star for leading his company up a savagely contested hill on Saipan and his men called him "the best damned officer in the Marine Corps."
The building that houses the headquarters of 2nd Battalion 24th Marines in Chicago is named in his honor. Lieutenant Colonel McCarthy was buried at Arlington National Cemetery following a funeral mass at Holy Name Cathedral in Chicago.
Marine Corps service
McCarthy first enlisted in the Marine Corps on February 20, 1937 in Chicago and served for four years. Following the attack on Pearl Harbor, he re-enlisted and returned to active duty in February 1942. In June of that year, he was discharged with the rank of first sergeant in order to accept a commission in the Marine Corps Reserve.
McCarthy joined the 4th Marine Division shortly thereafter, and went overseas in January 1944. While deployed, he took part in the Roi-Namur, Saipan-Tinian, and Iwo Jima campaigns. He was awarded the Silver Star for heroism as a rifle company commander on Saipan in 1944. He received the Purple Heart with Gold Star for wounds received in action on Saipan and Iwo Jima.
On February 21, 1945, as a captain, he earned the Medal of Honor on Iwo Jima, while leading an assault team across exposed ground to wipe out positions holding up the advance of his company. "I was scared all the time," McCarthy said later. "Any man tells you he wasn't scared was an imbecile. But you dealt with it." President Harry S. Truman presented the Medal of Honor to McCarthy in ceremonies at the White House, held on October 5, 1945. As Truman presented the Medal, he told McCarthy, "I'd rather have one of these than be President."
Released from active duty following the war, he held the grade of lieutenant colonel in the Marine Corps Reserve.
After the war
In 1949, McCarthy drove from Maine to North Carolina visiting the families of 26 Marines who had been killed in action on Iwo Jima. Each one of them, he told the families, had been just as brave as he was, just not as lucky.
McCarthy retired from the Marine Corps Reserve in 1971 and from the Chicago Fire Department in 1973. Thereafter, he and his wife split their time between homes in Wisconsin and Delray Beach, Florida. His wife, Anita, died in 1978. The couple had no children.
"I would hope and pray there never be another Medal of Honor issued," he said in a 1992 interview. "I hope and pray there's never any more wars."
Medal of Honor citation
CAPTAIN JOSEPH J. McCARTHY
UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS RESERVE
for service as set forth in the following CITATION:
- For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as commanding officer of a rifle company attached to the 2d Battalion, 24th Marines, 4th Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the seizure of Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, on 21 February 1945. Determined to break through the enemy's cross-island defenses, Capt. McCarthy acted on his own initiative when his company advance was held up by uninterrupted Japanese rifle, machine gun, and high-velocity 47mm. fire during the approach to Motoyama Airfield No. 2. Quickly organizing a demolitions and flamethrower team to accompany his picked rifle squad, he fearlessly led the way across 75 yards of fire-swept ground, charged a heavily fortified pillbox on the ridge of the front and, personally hurling hand grenades into the emplacement as he directed the combined operations of his small assault group, completely destroyed the hostile installation. Spotting 2 Japanese soldiers attempting an escape from the shattered pillbox, he boldly stood upright in full view of the enemy and dispatched both troops before advancing to a second emplacement under greatly intensified fire and then blasted the strong fortifications with a well-planned demolitions attack. Subsequently entering the ruins, he found a Japanese taking aim at 1 of our men and, with alert presence of mind, jumped the enemy, disarmed and shot him with his own weapon. Then, intent on smashing through the narrow breach, he rallied the remainder of his company and pressed a full attack with furious aggressiveness until he had neutralized all resistance and captured the ridge. An inspiring leader and indomitable fighter, Capt. McCarthy consistently disregarded all personal danger during the fierce conflict and, by his brilliant professional skill, daring tactics, and tenacious perseverance in the face of overwhelming odds, contributed materially to the success of his division's operations against this savagely defended outpost of the Japanese Empire. His cool decision and outstanding valor reflect the highest credit upon Capt. McCarthy and enhance the finest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.
- His military record lists his year of birth as 1911, but it is inscribed as 1912 on his headstone.
- List of Medal of Honor recipients
- List of Medal of Honor recipients for World War II
- List of Medal of Honor recipients for the Battle of Iwo Jima
- Battle of Iwo Jima
- 2nd Battalion 24th Marines
- "Lieutenant Colonel Joseph J. McCarthy, USMCR, (1911-1996)". Naval History & Heritage Command, Department of the Navy. Retrieved 2007-02-27.
- "Joseph J. McCarthy (1911-1996)". Find A Grave Memorial. www.findagrave.com. April 17, 2000. Retrieved 2007-02-27.
- Ross, Bill D. (1985). Iwo Jima: Legacy of Valor. New York: Vanguard Press. pp. 146–147. ISBN 0814908950. Retrieved 2013-09-16.
- "Joseph Jeremiah McCarthy, Lieutenant Colonel, United States Marine Corps". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Arlington National Cemetery. Retrieved 2007-02-27.
- "Lieutenant Colonel Joseph Jeremiah McCarthy, USMCR". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. History Division, United States Marine Corps. Retrieved 2007-12-29.
- Bailey, Stephen M. (1961). Souvenir Program: Chicago's 1961 Saint Patrick's Day Parade. Chicago: Irish Fellowship Club of Chicago. p. 12.
- "Capt JOSEPH J. MCCARTHY, Medal of Honor, 1945, 2/24/4, Iwo Jima (Medal of Honor citation)". Marines Awarded the Medal of Honor. History DivisionUnited States Marine Corps. Archived from the original on 2007-01-09. Retrieved 2007-02-20.
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps.
- George J. Greene (December 2006). "Letter to the Editor". Leatherneck Magazine. p. 6. Retrieved 2007-02-28. Includes photo and comment on GySgt McCarthy.
- President Harry S. Truman (October 5, 1945). "Remarks at the Presentation of the Congressional Medal of Honor to Fourteen Members of the Navy and Marine Corps". American Presidency Project. Retrieved 2007-02-28.
- McHale, Paul F. Jr. (February 23, 1995). "Citation read into the Congressional Record in on the occasion of Commemorating the 50th Anniversary of the Battle for Iwo Jima" (PDF). Congressional Record, U.S. House of Representatives. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. Page H2154. Retrieved 2007-02-28.