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|Awarded for||Excellence in Chicago theatre|
|Presented by||Jeff Awards Committee|
The Joseph Jefferson Award, more commonly known informally as the Jeff Award, acknowledges excellence in theatre in the Chicago area. Founded in 1968, the awards are given in tribute to actor Joseph Jefferson, a 19th-century theater star, who as a child was a player in Chicago's first theater company. Two types of awards are given: "Equity" for work done under an Actors' Equity Association contract, and "Non-Equity" for non-union work. Award recipients are determined by a secret ballot.
As of 2016[update], there are 38 Equity and 24 Non-Equity categories of awards including the distinction of "Large" or "Midsize" for Equity design awards.
The Jeff Awards has been honoring outstanding theatre artists annually since it was established in 1968. With up to 50 members representing a wide variety of backgrounds in theatre, the Jeff Awards is committed to celebrating the vitality of Chicago area theatre by recognizing excellence through its recommendations, awards, and honors. The Jeff Awards fosters the artistic growth of area theatres and theatre artists and promotes educational opportunities, audience appreciation, and civic pride in the achievements of the theatre community. The Jeff Awards evaluates over 250 theatrical productions and holds two awards ceremonies annually. Originally chartered to recognize only Equity productions, the Jeff Awards established the Non-Equity Wing in 1973 to celebrate outstanding achievement in non-union theatre.
The Joseph Jefferson Awards Committee evolved in response to a search by Chicago actors for a way to honor local theatre talent. In 1968, the Midwest Advisory Committee of Actors' Equity appointed member Felix Shuman to find a means of gaining recognition for actors working in the city. Joined by actors Guy Barile, Aviva Crane and June Travis Friedlob, Shuman identified and recruited twenty-four individuals active in education, business and social affairs. These individuals originally met for a luncheon at the Ivanhoe Theatre and went on to become the Joseph Jefferson Awards Committee under the first Chairmanship of Henry G. Plitt. Among the original members were three theatre supporters who would be active Jeff members two decades later—Morton Ries, Judith Sagan and Joseph Wolfson. The charter of the Jeff Committee today continues to honor excellence in the Chicago theatre community.
The first annual Jeff Awards ceremony was held in the Guildhall of the Ambassador West Hotel on October 6, 1969. It was attended by 175 people. Six awards were bestowed on the productions of seven theatres. In 1973 the Awards night was first telecast by CBS. During that same year, the Jeff Committee extended its coverage and recognition to include the productions of non-Equity theatres through the creation of a Non-Equity Wing of the Joseph Jefferson Awards Committee. Only five non-Equity theatres had productions judged in that first season, and three awards were presented the following fall. Currently these awards are given at a separate Non-Equity Wing Awards Night each spring.
The current Joseph Jefferson Committee consists of up to 50 men and women who come to the committee with an academic background in theatre, significant professional experience, a history of theatre involvement, and/or years of consistent theatre attendance in Chicago and in other major theatre capitals of the world. A volunteer, non-profit organization, The Jeff Committee does not have specific terms for its members. However, members must meet specific judging standards and can vote on the final ballot each season only if they have met their responsibilities for that complete year. While many of the judges have retained long-standing membership histories, a few rotate off each year as new members are invited to join the committee.
Each year at the request of the theaters, the members of Jeff Committee see the Jeff-eligible, locally produced shows. They nominate and eventually select recipients "for outstanding achievement" in the following categories: Production, Director, Actor and Actress in a Principal Role, Actor and Actress in a Supporting Role, in the two categories of Plays and Musicals. Awards are also given for Production, Direction, Actor and Actress in a Revue, and Cameo Performance, as well as Ensemble, Choreography, Scenic Design, Lighting Design, Costume Design, Original Music, Musical Direction, Sound Design, New Work and Adaptation. Two general types of awards are given in each category: "Jeff Awards" are for work done under an Actors' Equity Association contract, while "Non-Equity Jeff Awards" are for non-union work. On occasion, special awards are given for achievements, accomplishments, or services in other areas of the theatre. Award recipients are determined by secret ballot.
The Jeff Awards and Committee have been criticized by Chicago theater professionals, specifically those in the non-Equity sector, for not recognizing critically acclaimed productions and seeming to not be willing to reward daring works in Chicago theater. In a more outspoken criticism of the awards, Time Out Chicago publishes a "They Wuz Robbed" feature for both the non-Equity and Equity nominations every year.
Joseph Jefferson Award for an Outstanding Actor in a Principal Role in a Musical
- 1974: Robert LuPone in The Tooth of Crime - Goodman Theatre
- 1979: John Reeger in Funeral March for a One-Man Band - St. Nicholas Theater Company
- 1982: David Rounds in Herringbone - St. Nicholas Theater Company
- 1985: Mark Jacoby in Nine - Candlelight Dinner Playhouse
- 1996: Anthony Crivello in The House of Martin Guerre - Goodman Theatre
- 1998: Brian Stepanek in Me and My Girl - Drury Lane Theatre
- 2003: Richard Kind in Bounce - Goodman Theatre
- 2007: David Hess in Shenandoah - Marriott Theatre
- 2008: John Cudia in Les Miserables - Marriott Theatre
- 2014: Matthew Brumlow in Hank Williams: Lost Highway - American Blues Theater
Joseph Jefferson Award for an Outstanding Actor in a Principal Role in a Play
- 1971: Lee Pelty in Fiddler on the Roof - Candlelight Dinner Playhouse
- 1974: Mark Medoff in When You Comin' Back, Red Ryder? - First Chicago Center
- 2013: Michael Shannon in Simpatico - A Red Orchid Theatre
- Vire, Kris. "They wuz robbed: Our (affectionate) rebuttal to the Jeff Award nominations". Time Out Chicago. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
- Jeff Awards website (search page), accessed August 6, 2015