Battle Tendency

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Battle Tendency
Jojo8.jpg
Cover of JoJo's Bizarre Adventure volume 8, featuring the Pillar Men, with Joseph Joestar in the foreground
戦闘潮流
(Sentō Chōryū)
Manga
Written by Hirohiko Araki
Published by Shueisha
English publisher
Demographic Shōnen
Imprint Jump Comics
Magazine Weekly Shōnen Jump
Original run 19871989[citation needed]
Volumes 7 (List of volumes)
Wikipe-tan face.svg Anime and Manga portal

Battle Tendency (Japanese: 戦闘潮流, Hepburn: Sentō Chōryū?) is the second story arc of the manga series JoJo's Bizarre Adventure written and illustrated by Hirohiko Araki. It was serialized in Weekly Shōnen Jump from 1987 to 1989 for 69 chapters, which were later collected into seven tankōbon volumes. The arc was preceded by Phantom Blood (1987) and followed by Stardust Crusaders (1989–1992).

In 2012, Battle Tendency was digitally colored and released as digital downloads for smartphones and tablet computers. A four-volume hardcover re-release under the title JoJonium (ジョジョニウム Jojoniumu) was published between February 4 and May 2, 2014.[1] This version was licensed and released in North America by Viz Media; beginning digitally in March 2015 and in print in November 2015.[2]

In its original publication, it was referred to as JoJo's Bizarre Adventure Part 2 Joseph Joestar: His Proud Lineage (ジョジョの奇妙な冒険 第二部 ジョセフ・ジョースター ―その誇り高き血統 JoJo no Kimyō na Bōken Dai Ni Bu Josefu Jōsutā Sono Hokoritakaki Kettō). Battle Tendency was adapted in the 2012 television anime adaptation by David Production between December 7, 2012 and April 5, 2013.

Synopsis[edit]

In 1938, Joseph Joestar, grandson of Jonathan Joestar, discovers his "uncle" Robert E. O. Speedwagon is being held captive in Mexico by a group of Nazi scientists under the command of Major Rudol von Stroheim in a facility studying the vampire-creating Stone Masks and a being known as a "Pillar Man" who is believed to be the Stone Mask's creator. After saving everyone from the awoken Pillar Man Santviento with his wits and latent abilities to use the martial art known as the Hamon, Joseph is warned by Stroheim that his people have discovered three other Pillar Men in Italy. He teams up with fellow Hamon user Caesar Zeppeli, the grandson of Jonathan's ally Will A. Zeppeli, yet fails to prevent the resurrection of the Pillar Men Wamuu, Esidisi, and Kars. Joseph manages to convince the Pillar Men to allow him to master Hamon to become a worthy opponent, having poison-filled rings implanted in him with a challenge to defeat them within a month to receive the obtains the antidote. Caesar takes Joseph to meet his teacher, the mysterious lady Lisa Lisa who is the last master of the Hamon on Earth and as such protects a gemstone called the Red Stone of Aja (エイジャの赤石 Eija no Sekiseki) from falling into the hands of the Pillar Men, as they need the gem to become perfectly immortal.

Joseph trains under the woman, eventually killing Esidisi after the Pillar Man kills one of Lisa Lisa's disciples who was to administer a final test to Joseph. After saving Lisa Lisa's assistant Suzi Q from Esidisi's latent control, the group tracks down Kars and Wamuu to Switzerland and cross paths with Stroheim who has since become a cyborg after the injuries he sustained in the fight with Santana. Caesar tries to fight Wamuu one-on-one and only manages to take the antidote for Joseph at the cost of his life. Joseph and Lisa Lisa then confront Kars and Wamuu and duel over ownership of the Red Stone of Aja. Though Joseph manages to defeat Wamuu in battle, Kars takes the Red Stone from Lisa Lisa and uses it with the ultraviolet lamps provided by Stroheim and his men to evolve into a god-like being immune to sunlight and the Hamon. Joseph tries to stop him, chasing him into an active volcano, only to lose his left hand. Just as Kars is to land the death blow, Joseph blocks it with his other hand, holding the Red Stone of Aja, which sends both of them flying into the stratosphere. Kars plans an escape, but Joseph distracts him long enough that he is struck by volcanic rocks and sent into space to drift for eternity.

Everyone believes Joseph has died saving the world, but he shows up at his own funeral with his new wife Suzi Q (who forgot to send a telegram letting everyone know he survived) at his side, and everyone seemingly lives happy new peaceful lives. Such peace lasts until 1987, when an aged Joseph makes an emergency trip to visit his daughter (who had moved to Japan), kicking off the events of "Stardust Crusaders".

Characters[edit]

Main characters[edit]

Joseph Joestar
Joseph Joestar (ジョセフ・ジョースター Josefu Jōsutā)
Voiced by: Tomokazu Sugita (Japanese); Benjamin Diskin (English),[3] Hōchū Ōtsuka (Part 3 Video Game)
Joseph is the main protagonist of Battle Tendency and is the grandson of Phantom Blood protagonist Jonathan Joestar. Having been brought up by his grandmother Erina and Speedwagon, he developed a coarser and more rebellious attitude than that of his gentlemanly grandfather, but he still has a noble heart. Like his grandfather, he can use the Hamon, though he is not initially as skilled in its use as Jonathan was. He initially uses a pair of Hamon-empowered clackers in battle, but he relies more on his wits than brute strength in fights, employing his uncanny ability to predict his opponent's actions down to what they say. He returns as a main character in Stardust Crusaders and as a supporting character in Diamond Is Unbreakable.
Araki revealed that Joseph looks so much like Jonathan because at the time it was "unprecedented" for a main character to die in a Weekly Shōnen Jump manga, so he gave Joseph a different personality instead. He later expressed regret at not altering his appearance just a little more. Wanting to shift from the physical battles in Part 1 to more "cerebral" battles, he made Joseph more adventurous and confrontational compared to the gentlemanly Jonathan. Araki referred to Joseph as "a muscle-bound B.T.", the main character from his earlier series Cool Shock B.T.; a shōnen manga hero who bends the rules as he fights.[4]
Smokey Brown (スモーキー・ブラウン Sumōkī Buraun)
Voiced by: Yū Hayashi (Japanese); Robbie Daymond (English)
A young African-American boy living in New York City who pickpockets Joseph, but Joseph saves him from a pair of racist cops and they become friends. After the end of Battle Tendency, Smokey attends college and studies political science, ultimately becoming the first African-American mayor of his hometown in Georgia.
Erina Joestar (エリナ・ジョースター Erina Jōsutā)
Voiced by: Ayako Kawasumi (Japanese); Michelle Ruff (English)
Joseph's grandmother and the widow of Jonathan Joestar. She was believed to be Joseph's last living relative, until he discovers the whereabouts of his mother.
Robert E. O. Speedwagon (ロバート・E・O・スピードワゴン Robāto Ī Ō Supīdowagon)
Voiced by: Yōji Ueda (Japanese); Keith Silverstein (English)
An ally of Joseph, and an old friend of the Joestars. Since the events of Phantom Blood, Speedwagon settled in America where he became an oil tycoon and founded the Speedwagon Foundation in order to deal with paranormal threats such as the Stone Mask and, later, the Pillar Men.
Rudol von Stroheim (ルドル・フォン・シュトロハイム Rudoru Fon Shutorohaimu)
Voiced by: Atsushi Imaruoka (Japanese); W.T. Falke (English)
Commander of the Nazi forces who discovered Santviento in Mexico. He is responsible for not only saving the life of Speedwagon, but also for trying to help Joseph defeat Santviento by blowing himself up. He returns later as a cyborg to assist in the fight against Kars, who slices him to pieces. He is rebuilt and leads an army to help Joseph in the fight against Kars and his vampire forces, having been given ultraviolet lamps to stop them. After the end of Battle Tendency, Stroheim dies in 1943 on the front-line during the Battle of Stalingrad.
Caesar Anthonio Zeppeli (シーザー・アントニオ・ツェペリ Shīzā Antonio Tseperi)
Voiced by: Takuya Satō (Japanese); Bryce Papenbrook (English)
A suave ladies' man and the grandson of Jonathan Joestar's Hamon teacher Will A. Zeppeli. He is rather cool and collected, especially compared to Joseph, with whom he is grudgingly paired to fight the Pillar Men. But over time, Joseph starts to grow on him so much that he is able to understand his strange thought patterns and they form an unbeatable duo. He infuses the Hamon into soap bubbles he creates with his specially-made gloves. Caesar dies in his fight against Wamuu, but not before he can steal Wamuu's antidote for Joseph.
Having not been able to show a friendly rivalry between Jonathan and Dio in Part 1, Araki introduced Caesar to portray friendship in a positive light with Joseph. Wanting each user to have a different type of Hamon with a unique design and hating when a character receives some unbeatable new weapon that makes it obvious they will win, he gave Caesar the seemingly fleeting-bubbles as a "representation of his fate and the burden he is carrying." He enjoys giving characters weapons with faults and having them make up for it with strategy. The author stated that these "spheres" were inherited by both Gyro Zeppeli in Steel Ball Run and Josuke Higashikata in JoJolion.[5]
Lisa Lisa (リサリサ Risarisa)
Voiced by: Atsuko Tanaka (Japanese); Wendee Lee (English)
A mysterious lady Hamon master and Caesar's Hamon teacher who lives in Venice. She is the last surviving master of the Hamon and as such possesses the Super Aja (スーパーエイジャ Sūpā Eija), a perfectly cut Red Stone of Aja which she guards from the Pillar Men. She is revealed to be Joseph's mother Elizabeth (エリザベス Erizabesu), who went into hiding after killing her husband's murderer, a zombie loyal to Dio who infiltrated the Royal Air Force. She is gravely wounded in her fight with Kars, but manages to survive. At the end of Battle Tendency, she moves to America and remarries. Lisa Lisa fights with the Hamon by conducting it through her specially made scarf. Because of her Hamon abilities, she's physically younger than her actual calendar age, looking to be in her mid 20s when she's in actuality in her 50s.
Araki stated that at the time female characters in shōnen manga were typically cute and designed to be "a man's ideal woman," which made the warrior-type Lisa Lisa feel fresh and "unheard of" in both manga and society in general. To contrast with her Part 1 counterpart, the gentle Will A. Zeppeli, he made Lisa Lisa "sadistic", inspired by a neighborhood girl he knew as a child.[6]

Pillar Men[edit]

The Pillar Men (柱の男 Hashira no Otoko) are the main antagonists of Battle Tendency. They are members of an ancient race of humanoids that had extraordinary strength, intelligence, and lifespan. They once ruled the Earth, draining the life energy of other living creatures, which led humans to see them as gods and demons. Kars sought to unlock his race's true potential with the Stone Mask, which had a side effect of turning humans into vampires, and a Red Stone of Aja, making them immune to their only weaknesses: sunlight and Hamon. However, his people saw he was a danger to the world and rose up against him, leading Kars and Esidisi to obliterate their clan, except for the children Wamuu and Santviento. While Santviento remained in the new world, the other Pillar Men traveled to Eurasia to find a compatible Red Stone while developing fighting styles to counter the Hamon users they faced. The four eventually entered a two-thousand year hibernation in stone pillars, waiting until the discovery of the Super Aja in order to achieve their goals of total immortality. Despite their bloodthirsty nature, they are all chivalrous warriors, and only truly fight Hamon users in fair fights. Each has total control over their body, able to transform it to suit their needs while able to digest non-Hamon users via physical contact. But Kars, Esidisi, and Wamuu, from their experience with Hamon users, have honed unique specialties called Modes (流法(モード) Mōdo) to combat them.

Having The Pillar Men aim to be the "Ultimate Beings" Araki had to up the ante compared to Dio, therefore modeled them after Roman statues, Egyptian sphinxes and Japanese nio statues to give them godlike features. Kars wears a turban to show his superior intelligence and that he is their king.[7]

Santviento (サンタナ Santana)
Voiced by: Kenji Nomura (Japanese); Kaiji Tang (English)
Santviento is discovered in a Mexican pyramid in 1938 by Straizo's Speedwagon Foundation team and then taken by the Nazi forces under Stroheim for live human experiments to see if he can be used to power the German army, even using a Stone Mask vampire on him to see how much more powerful he is. Santviento escapes, as he can contort his body to escape through a ventilation shaft, and shows he has mastered human language and the mechanisms of the Germans' weaponry when he manages to withstand their attacks. Joseph and Stroheim manage to stop him by escaping to the outside, as Joseph traps him in a well at high noon, turning him back to stone. His remains are taken to a Speedwagon Foundation laboratory while permanently exposed to ultraviolet lamps to trap him.
Esidisi (エシディシ Eshidishi)
Voiced by: Keiji Fujiwara (Japanese); Chris Jai Alex (English)
Esidisi has an erratic temper, quick to sob uncontrollably and just as quick to calm himself down, having placed a ring made of poison inside Joseph's neck during their first meeting. His Mode is the Heat Control Mode (怪焔王の流法(モード) Kaiennō no Mōdo), which allows him to make boil his blood to 500 °C (932 °F), which he injects into his foes to burn them alive by extending his needle-like blood vessels out of his own body. Esidisi's search for the Super Aja leads him to Venice, where he faces Joseph after murdering Loggins. Claiming to have intimate knowledge of The Art of War as he was in China during the lifetime of Sun Tzu, Esidisi matched Joseph's own quick wits in a battle of deception. But Joseph takes advantage of Esidisi's lack of knowledge of sleight of hand to defeat him with a Hamon attack via a cut and restore rope trick, destroying Esidisi's body and retrieving the Pillar Man's antidote. But Esidisi survived yet was reduced to a disembodied nervous system, possessing the body of Suzi Q to get her to mail the Super Aja to Kars and then plans to destroy her from the inside with her heated blood killing the Hamon users. But Joseph and Caesar's contrasting Hamon abilities force Esidisi out of Suzi Q's body, which resulted in the weakened Pillar Man's permanent death when exposed to the sunlight.
Wamuu (ワムウ Wamū)
Voiced by: Akio Ōtsuka (Japanese); George C. Cole (English)
Wamuu is Esidisi and Kars' loyal servant, who is a strong and honorable warrior, but reflexively attacks anyone who steps on his own shadow. His Wind Mode (風の流法(モード) Kaze no Mōdo) allows him to control the air in his lungs, turning it into a powerful wind at his disposal, from using it like a razor sharp blade to rendering him invisible. He spares Joseph's life after the young man wounded him, allowing him a month's reprieve to master Hamon while placing a poison ring in his heart as added incentive while revealing the antidote in his lip piercing. His next fight is against Caesar, who manages to hold his own, but cannot defeat Wamuu's Wind Mode. He fatally wounds Caesar, allowing the dying man to obtain the antidote out of respect for the human's valiant effort. Wamuu later faces off against Joseph in a deadly chariot race, blinding himself to regain a psychological advantage over his opponent, before was defeated by Joseph's wits and Hamon mastery. As Wamuu's disembodied head lays dying, Joseph eases the Pillar Man's passing by giving him drops of his own blood. Wamuu returns the favor by killing off a horde of vampires that attempted to kill Joseph in revenge, asking Joseph to take the antidote to give him peace of mind while expressing gratitude of facing such a worthy opponent.
Kars (カーズ Kāzu)
Voiced by: Kazuhiko Inoue (Japanese); Will Barrett (English)
Kars is the leader of the Pillar Men and the creator of the Stone Masks. He is intelligent and ruthless, and single minded in his dedication to Ultimate Thing (究極生命体(アルティメット・シイング) Arutimetto Shiingu, "Ultimate Being" in English localizations). This led to Kars wiping out his own people when they deemed his intention as sheer madness. Later facing Hamon users in his quest for a Super Aja stone to perfect the mask's use for his kind, Kars developed a Light Mode (光の流法(モード) Hikari no Mōdo), which allows him to produce saw-bladed appendages from his body which produce a radiant glow. Unlike his subordinates, Kars has no honor whatsoever and intends to fulfill his goals any means. Kars finally succeeds in getting the stone by deceiving Lisa Lisa during their match with vampire decoy and then tricking the Nazis into exposing him to ultraviolet rays while wearing the Aja-embedded stone mask. Once evolved, now immune to sunlight and able to tap into his own genetic structure, Kars can produce animals loyal to him with the animals themselves also harboring murderous urges, undergo reactive evolutionary mutations, and utilize Hamon. But Kars is defeated as a result of his own hubris, using a Hamon attack on Joseph, who uses the Super Aja to intercept the attack, in a volcano. The resulting eruption blasts Kars into the vacuum of space, causing his immortal body to freeze before his mind shuts down.
Araki made Kars' Brilliant Bone Blade ability a Light Mode technique because he wanted to convey that it was godlike and impossible to beat him. He suspected that the technique also reminded readers of the Reskiniharden Saber Phenomenon from his earlier series Baoh. Although not strictly scientific development like in Baoh, Kars' aim to top the evolutionary chain has a similar feel.[7]

Supporting characters[edit]

Straizo (ストレイツォ Sutoreitso)
Voiced by: Nobuo Tobita (Japanese); Dave Mallow (English)
After Phantom Blood, Straizo replaced Tonpetty as the lama of the Hamon users. After finding a new Stone Mask in Mexico, he decides that he has lived enough of a life of piety to receive nothing in return and activates one of the Stone Masks, becoming a vampire. He then hunts down Jonathan's grandson Joseph so no one in the world can possibly kill him, but Joseph's different fighting strategies ultimately cause Straizo's downfall. He activates his final Hamon to kill himself, but not before he reveals the existence of the Pillar Men to Joseph.
Messina (メッシーナ Messhīna) and Loggins (ロギンズ Roginzu)
Voiced by: Hidetoshi Nakamura (Messina) and Yutaka Nakano (Loggins) (Japanese); Geoffery Chalmers (Messina) and Ray Chase (Loggins) (English)
Lisa Lisa's disciples and servants. They train Joseph and Caesar and give the two their final test. While Caesar successfully defeats Messina, Joseph discovers Loggins has been murdered by Esidisi, who Joseph fights instead.
Suzi Q (スージーQ Sūjī Kyū)
Voiced by: Sachiko Kojima (Japanese); Stephanie Sheh (English)
Lisa Lisa's personal assistant who is ditzy and forgetful. She is possessed by Esidisi and is forced to attack the others, but Caesar and Joseph manage to use the Hamon to save her. She becomes Joseph's wife, and the two have a daughter, Holly.
Wired Beck (鋼線(ワイアード)のベック Waiādo no Bekku)
Voiced by: Satoshi Tsuruoka (Japanese); Mike Davis (English)
A vampire created by Kars who can grow spikes from his body. He attacks Joseph and Lisa Lisa, but she quickly defeats him with her scarf.
George Joestar II (ジョージ・ジョースターII世 Jōji Jōsutā Nisei)
Jonathan and Erina's son, Lisa Lisa's husband, and Joseph's father. After being raised by his widowed mother Erina, he fell in love with Lisa Lisa and wed, having one child together. He joined the Royal Air Force as a fighter pilot during the Great War, but his superior was one of Dio's zombie lackeys who killed George II, who was defenseless without the Hamon.
Donovan (ドノヴァン Donovuan)
Voiced by: Ken'ichirō Matsuda (Japanese); Ray Chase (English)
Donovan is a Nazi commando sent to track and kill Joseph before he can make it to the Nazi laboratory in Mexico. He reveals the Nazis have been spying on Joseph, and Straizo, for some time, and holds his own in battle against Joseph until Joseph tricks Donovan into slamming into a cactus. In the English localization, his name is Donobang.
Mark (マルク Maruku)
Voiced by: Ryōta Ōsaka (Japanese); Kyle McCarley (English)
Mark is a low-ranking Nazi soldier who is Caesar's best friend. He has a happy outlook on life and wants to go back home to marry his sweetheart. Mark serves as Caesar's, Joseph's, and Speedwagon's chauffeur in Rome, bringing them to the site of the Pillar Men's burial. He is killed when Wamuu steps right through him, dissolving most of his body. Caesar tearfully uses the Hamon to end Mark's suffering, which spurs him to kill the Pillar Men.
Mario Zeppeli (マリオ・ツェペリ Mario Tseperi)
Voiced by: Jin Yamanoi (Japanese); Doug Stone (English)
Will's son and Caesar's father, Mario left home to investigate the Pillar Men, earning the ire of Caesar. However, when Caesar nearly falls victim to a trap laid by the Pillar Men in their burial, Mario pushes him out of the way, saving him, and restoring his faith in his father.

Chapters[edit]

The list below first includes the original volumization followed by Shueisha's 2002 re-release, with different titles. In the original volumization, chapters 45-47 are in volume 5, listed on the Phantom Blood page, and chapter 114 is part of Stardust Crusaders.

Original volumization[edit]

No. Title Japanese release date Japanese ISBN
6 JoJo vs. The Ultimate Life-Form
Jojo Tai Kyūkyoku Seibutsu (JoJo Vs.(たい) 究極生物)
October 7, 1988[8] ISBN 978-4-08-851062-0
  1. "Straizo's Ambition" (ストレイツォの野望 Sutoreitso no Yabō)
  2. "The Game Master" (ゲームの達人 Gēmu no Tatsujin)
  3. "The Immortal Monster" (不死身の化け物 Fujimi no Bakemono)
  4. "Cold and Cruel Straizo" (冷酷非情ストレイツォ Reikoku Hijō Sutoreitso)
  5. "Nazis and the 'Pillar Man'" (ナチスと〝柱の男〞 Nachisu to "Hashira no Otoko")
  6. "The 'Pillar Man' Resurrection Project" (〝柱の男〞蘇生実験 "Hashira no Otoko" Sosei Jikken)
  7. "The 'Pillar Man' vs. Man With the Stone Mask" (〝柱の男〞対石仮面の男 "Hashira no Otoko" Tai Ishi Kamen no Otoko)
  8. "The Tracker in the Desert" (砂漠の追尾者 Sabaku no Tsuibisha)
  9. "Santana Vanishes" (消えたサンタナ Kieta Santana)
  10. "JoJo vs. The Ultimate Life-Form" (JoJo Vs.(たい) 究極生物 JoJo Tai Kyūkyoku Seibutsu)
In 1938 New York, a young pick pickpocket named Smoky Brown was saved from a pair of dirty cops by a young Englishman who introduced himself as Joseph Joestar and had came to New York with his grandmother Erina Joestar. During a meal at a restaurant, Joseph learns that his grandfather's friend Robert E. O. Speedwagon, having become a wealthy oil tycoon, was apparently murdered by a Hamon master named Straizo while investigating a matter concerning the Stone Mask. When Joseph encountered the vampirized Straizo and defeats him, eventually learning that Speedwagon is alive but is held in Mexico by a German militant group under Rudol von Stroheim who is interested in the being that Speedwagon's group found: The Pillar Man. Named Satana by Stroheim once revived, the Pillar Man reveals his ability to absorb organic matter and alter his physical structure to escape while killing Stroheim's men by mimicking their gunfire with the bullets they tried to shoot him with. Joseph, who had managed to sneak into the base, reveals himself and stands against Santana.
7 The Red Stone of Aja
Eija no Sekiseki (エイジャの赤石)
December 6, 1988[9] ISBN 978-4-08-851063-7
  1. "The Hamon and the Ultimate Life-Form!" (究極生物に波紋! Kyūkyoku Seibutsu ni Hamon!)
  2. "The Perfect Plan!!" (完璧なる作戦ッ!! Kanpeki naru Sakusen'!!)
  3. "Stroheim's Determination" (シュトロハイムの覚悟 Shutorohaimu no Kakugo)
  4. "The End of A Proud Man!" (誇り高き男の最期! Hokori Takaki Otoko no Saigo!)
  5. "The Spaghetti Battle" (スパゲッティーの戦い Supagettī no Tatakai)
  6. "The Pigeon and the Girl" (ハトと女の子 Hato to Onna no Ko)
  7. "The Red Stone of Aja" (エイジャの赤石 Eija no Sekiseki)
  8. "The Truth That Hides in the Mouth of Truth" (真実の口にひそむ真実 Shinjitsu no Kuchi ni Hisomu Shinjitsu)
  9. "The Ultimate Warrior: Wamuu" (究極戦士ワムウ Kyūkyoku Senshi Wamū)
  10. "Special Attack! JoJo Clackers!" (必殺JoJoクラッカー Hissatsu JoJo Kurakkā)
As Joseph begins to fight Santana, he notes that his Hamon is protecting him from absorbed by the Pillar Man's attacks before utilizing an attack to lower Satana's guard to rip his body apart with Hamon. Despite a regenerating Satana's attempt to stop them, Joseph and Stroheim succeed to bring the Pillar Man into daylight at the cost of the latter's life. Joseph than defeats Santana by using his last ditch to use the reflected noon sun in the well against the Pillar Man. With Satana's petrified remains stored in the Speedwagon Foundation, having learned there are three more Pillar Men in Rome, Speedwagon takes Joseph to Italy where they meets up with Will Zeppeli's grandson, Caesar Zeppeli. After a brief confrontation, Joseph's group arrive to the Pillar Men's chamber under the Colosseum where they learned the Pillar Men have awakened. Caesar engages the Pillar Man Wamuu, only to be easily defeated before Joseph take over the fight as he proclaimed that he has developed his own special Hamon technique using a pair of clackers that he channels Hamon through.
8 The Final Trial
Saishū Shiren! (最終試練!)
February 10, 1989[10] ISBN 978-4-08-851064-4
  1. "The 'Blood Clock' Battle" (〝血時計〟の闘い "Chidokei" no Tatakai)
  2. "A Hero's Proof" (ヒーローの資格 Hīrō no Shikaku)
  3. "The Wedding Ring of Death" (死の結婚指輪(ウエディングリング) Shi no Uedingu Ringu)
  4. "The Master of Venice" (ヴェネチアの達人 Venechia no Tatsujin)
  5. "The Training of A Hamon Warrior" (波紋戦士の試練 Hamon Senshi no Shiren)
  6. "Concentrated Hamon Power" (一点集中波紋パワー Itten Shūchū Hamon Pawā)
  7. "The All-Or-Nothing Gamble!" (一か八かの賭け! Ichi ka Bachi ka no Kake!)
  8. "Hamon Master JoJo" (波紋達人(マスター)JoJo Hamon Masutā JoJo)
  9. "The Final Trial!" (最終試練! Saishū Shiren!)
  10. "The Fruits of Harassment" (しごきの成果 Shigoki no Seika)
Indulging Joseph to one minute to defeat him, Wamuu slices his wrist to use the human's blood as a timer. But Joseph lures Wamuu away from the others, playing on the Pillar Man's warrior conduct to give him a month of Hamon training for a more ideal fight. Wamuu accepts, implanting a "Wedding Ring" on Joseph's aorta that will release a deadly poison in 33 days' time, unless Joseph can get the antidote held in his lip piercing by killing him in battle. Esidisi also decides to enter in on the wager and placed his own poisoned ring around Joseph's windpipe, with the antidote in his own nose piercing. The Pillar Man take their leave to find Red Stone of Aja, Caesar taking Joseph to Venice to be trained by his mentor Lisa Lisa who reveals the Pillar Men's leader Kars as the creator of the Stone Masks. She also reveals the Pillar Men seek a perfectly cut Red Stone of Aja known as the Super Aja she possesses to evolve into ultimate lifeforms. With a week left before rings inside Joseph dissolve and kill him, Lisa Lisa pits JoJo and Caesar against Loggins and Messina respectively for their final lesson. But when Joseph reaches his destination, he finds Loggins has already been killed by Esidisi who has come for the Super Aja with Joseph proceeding to face him.
9 A Race Towards the Brink
Shi no Gake e Tsuppashire (死の崖へつっ走れ)
April 10, 1989[11] ISBN 978-4-08-851065-1
  1. "The Disturbing Esidisi" (エシディシの不気味 Eshidishi no Bukimi)
  2. "The Deeper Plan" (深く罠をはれ! Fukaku Wana o Hare!)
  3. "An Ensured Victory" (決定されていた勝利 Kettei Sareteita Shōri)
  4. "The Insidious Demon!" (忍び寄る魔! Shinobiyoru Ma!)
  5. "The Stolen Body" (奪われた肉体 Ubawareta Nikutai)
  6. "Chasing the Red Stone to Switzerland" (スイスに赤石を追え Suisu ni Sekiseki o Oe)
  7. "The Mysterious Nazi Officer" (謎のナチス軍人 Nazo no Nachisu Gunjin)
  8. "Kars, Light Mode" (カーズ"光の流法(モード)" Kāzu "Hikari no Mōdo")
  9. "A Race Towards the Brink" (死の崖へつっ走れ Shi no Gake e Tsuppashire)
Though Joseph servers Esidici's arm, caught off guard by his opponent's crying, the Pillar Man assimilates Loggins's arm while revealing his ability to control the temperature of his burning blood. Despite nearly falling for a trap himself, Joseph manages to ensnare Esidisi in Hamon-conductive wool thread and hits him with the Hamon, managing to destroy him and retrieve his antidote, safely dissolving the ring around his neck. However, Joseph was unaware that Esidici's nervous system survived as it took over the body of Lisa Lisa's aide Suzie Q and secretly mailed the Super Aja to St. Moritz in Swizterland. Once Suzie Q was saved and the bodiless Pillar Man finally destroyed, the group head to Swizterland where they find the Super Aja intercepted by the Germans under Stroheim, who became a cyborg since the Mexico incident. When Kars comes for the Super Aja, it turns into a death race to get the stone before it slides off a cliff.
10 The Crimson Bubble
Senseki no Shabon (鮮赤のシャボン)
June 9, 1989[12] ISBN 978-4-08-851066-8
  1. "Fight to the Death For 175 Meters" (死闘175m Shitō Hyaku Nana Jū Go Mētoru)
  2. "Caesar - The Anger From the Past" (シーザー過去からの怒り Shīzā Kako kara no Ikari)
  3. "Caesar's Lonely Youth" (シーザー孤独の青春 Shīzā Kodoku no Seishun)
  4. "The Horrifying Ghostly Man" (鬼気!幻の男 Kiki! Maboroshi no Otoko)
  5. "The Clash Between Light and Wind!!" (光と風の激突!! Hikari to Kaze no Gekitotsu!!)
  6. "The Crimson Bubble" (鮮赤のシャボン Senseki no Shabon)
  7. "Caesar's Final Hamon" (シーザー最期の波紋 Shīzā Saigo no Hamon)
  8. "Lisa Lisa and Her Silk Dance" (絹の舞いリサリサ Shiruku no Mai Risarisa)
  9. "A Hundred Against Two" (100対2のかけ引き Hyaku Tai Ni no Kakehiki)
After being dragged by Kars into a death drop, Joseph manages to escape certain death by chaining a series of icicles together. The next day, Caesar and the others discuss ambushing an abandoned hotel that they believe is Kars' hideout before Wamuu returns. But a conflict over the ideal course to take leads to Joseph infuriating Caesar as he decides to go after Kars himself, with Lisa Lisa revealing to Joseph the events that led Caesar to become a Hamon user. As Caesar arrives at the hotel, he is attacked by Wamuu, who utilizes streams of moist air to both protect him from the sunlight while appearing ghostly. Taking their battle inside, Caesar unveils his new Bubble Cutter to redirect the sunlight inside the hotel to pin down Wamuu. But Wamuu takes advantage of the split-second the sun is blotted by Caesar to land a fatal injury, allowing his opponent to take his lip ring before he places it in a Hamon bubble before being crushed by debris. Finding the ring, Joseph vows to take it once Wamuu is defeated out of respect for Caesar. After a brief encounter with one of the vampires Kars created, Joseph and Lisa Lisa find themselves vastly outnumbered with the latter outwitting the Pillar Men into a contest for the Super Aja on the line.
11 The Warrior Returning to the Wind
Kaze ni Kaeru Senshi (風にかえる戦士)
August 10, 1989[13] ISBN 978-4-08-851067-5
  1. "The Skeleton Heel Stone" (骸骨の踵石 Gaikotsu no Kakato Ishi)
  2. "Furious Struggle From Ancient Times" (荒ぶる古の戦 Araburu Inishie no Ikusa)
  3. "Moonlight Start!" (月光のスタート! Gekkō no Sutāto)
  4. "The Pillar and the Hammer!" (柱とハンマー! Hashira to Hanmā)
  5. "A Trickery Genius" (天才的イカサマ師 Tensaiteki Ikasama Shi)
  6. "A True Warrior" (真の格闘者 Shin no Kakutōsha)
  7. "Shoot Symmetrically!" (対称点上を撃て! Taishōtenjō o Ute!)
  8. "The Final Mode of the Wind" (風の最終流法(ファイナルモード) Kaze no Fainaru Mōdo)
  9. "The Warrior Returning to the Wind" (風にかえる戦士 Kaze ni Kaeru Senshi)
After getting the Super Aja, Joseph reaches the arena and confronts the photo he found of Erina with an infant while surrounded by Speedwagon and Straizo. Lisa Lisa reveals that she was the baby that Erina rescued from the ship that fateful day 50 years ago, raised by Straizo to become his successor to the Super Aja. Joseph and Wamuu's battle is revealed to be a chariot race using vampire horses and that they can help themselves to a weapon during each lap, there will be a different weapon for whoever can grab it from a pillar first. Eventually, though brains and brawn, Josephs win the fight and eases the dying Wamuu's pain by spilling a bit of his blood on him. Upon Wamuu's request, Joseph drinks the antidote from his ring, allowing Wamuu to pass away with no regrets.
12 The Birth of a Superbeing!!
Chō Seibutsu no Tanjō!! (超生物の誕生!!)
October 9, 1989[14] ISBN 978-4-08-851068-2
  1. "Treachery at the Temple of Sacrifice" (悪逆!生贄の神殿 Akugyaku! Ikenie no Shinden)
  2. "The Ties That Bind Lisa Lisa and JoJo" (リサリサ、JOJOを結ぶ絆 Risarisa, Jojo o Musubu Kizuna)
  3. "JoJo: The Ultimate Hamon" (JOJO 最期の波紋 Jojo Saigo no Hamon)
  4. "The Tragedy of Jorge Joestar" (ジョージ・ジョースターの悲劇 Jōji Jōsutā no Higeki)
  5. "The Birth of a Superbeing!!" (超生物の誕生!! Chō Seibutsu no Tanjō!!)
  6. "JoJo's Final Bet!" (JOJO 最後の賭け! JoJo Saigo no Kake!)
  7. "The Ascendant One" (神となった男!! Kami to Natta Otoko!!)
  8. "The Phenomenal Power of the Red Stone" (驚異の赤石パワー Kyōi no Sekiseki Pawā)
  9. "The Comeback Kid" (帰ってきた男 Kaettekita Otoko)
  10. "A Man Possessed by an Evil Spirit" (悪霊にとりつかれた男 Akuryō ni Toritsukareta Otoko)
Though Lisa Lisa expected Kars to fight, the Pillar Man used a vampire decoy to catch her off guard and take the Super Aja to Joseph's rage. As the Germans arrive to support Joseph as he rescues Lisa Lisa, a discussion between Speedwagon and Smoky reveals that Lisa Lisa was actually Joseph's assumed dead mother Elizabeth who avenged his father's death against the last of Dio's zombies. When Kars is seemingly defeated, Stroheim attempts to finish off the Pillar Man with multiple blasts of ultraviolet beam. But Kars has placed the Super-Aja embedded Stone Mask on his face, using the artificial sunlight to transform into the Ultimate Being. After a display of his powers, and ability to move freely in sunlight, Kars expresses his intention to kill Joseph who grabs the Super Aja while running to one of the Germans' planes to lure Kars away. Theorizing he might be able to destroy Kars with the planet, he attempts to bury the Pillar Man in magma. But Kars's reactive evolution allows him to survive while slicing Joseph's arm off and revealed to have developed Hamon, only for Joseph to use the Super Aja to intercept his opponent's attack to cause an eruption. While Kars ends up being jettisoned into space to drift away, Joseph was assumed dead. But Joseph, now with a prosthetic hand and married to Suzie Q after being nursed back, is mortified to find everyone held a funeral for him since his wife forgot to inform them of his survival. Forty nine years later, after lashing out on a Japanese tourist as JFK Airport, a 67-year-old Joseph flies out to Tokyo to see his daughter and grandson.

2002 rerelease[edit]

No. Title Japanese release English release
4 Part 2: Battle Tendency 1
Part 2 Sentō Chōryū 1 (Part2 戦闘潮流 1)
April 18, 2002[15]
ISBN 4-08-617787-0
April 21, 2015 (digital) November 3, 2015 (physical)
ISBN 978-1421578828
  1. "Joseph Joestar of New York (1)" (ニューヨークのジョセフ・ジョースター その① Nyū Yōku no Josefu Jōsutā Sono 1)
  2. "Joseph Joestar of New York (2)" (ニューヨークのジョセフ・ジョースター その② Nyū Yōku no Josefu Jōsutā Sono 2)
  3. "Joseph Joestar of New York (3)" (ニューヨークのジョセフ・ジョースター その③ Nyū Yōku no Josefu Jōsutā Sono 3)
  4. "Straizo vs. Joseph (1)" (ストレイツォVSジョセフ その① Sutoreitso Bāsasu Josefu Sono 1)
  5. "Straizo vs. Joseph (2)" (ストレイツォVSジョセフ その② Sutoreitso Bāsasu Josefu Sono 2)
  6. "Straizo vs. Joseph (3)" (ストレイツォVSジョセフ その③ Sutoreitso Bāsasu Josefu Sono 3)
  7. "Straizo vs. Joseph (4)" (ストレイツォVSジョセフ その④ Sutoreitso Bāsasu Josefu Sono 4)
  8. "Straizo vs. Joseph (5)" (ストレイツォVSジョセフ その⑤ Sutoreitso Bāsasu Josefu Sono 5)
  9. "The 'Pillar Man'" (「柱の男」 "Hashira no Otoko")
  10. "The 'Pillar Man: Santana' (1)" (「柱の男・サンタナ」 その① "Hashira no Otoko: Santana" Sono 1)
  11. "The 'Pillar Man: Santana' (2)" (「柱の男・サンタナ」 その② "Hashira no Otoko: Santana" Sono 2)
  12. "The 'Pillar Man: Santana' (3)" (「柱の男・サンタナ」 その③ "Hashira no Otoko: Santana" Sono 3)
  13. "The 'Pillar Man: Santana' (4)" (「柱の男・サンタナ」 その④ "Hashira no Otoko: Santana" Sono 4)
  14. "The 'Pillar Man: Santana' (5)" (「柱の男・サンタナ」 その⑤ "Hashira no Otoko: Santana" Sono 5)
  15. "The 'Pillar Man: Santana' (6)" (「柱の男・サンタナ」 その⑥ "Hashira no Otoko: Santana" Sono 6)
  16. "The 'Pillar Man: Santana' (7)" (「柱の男・サンタナ」 その⑦ "Hashira no Otoko: Santana" Sono 7)
  17. "The 'Pillar Man: Santana' (8)" (「柱の男・サンタナ」 その⑧ "Hashira no Otoko: Santana" Sono 8)
  18. "The 'Pillar Man: Santana' (9)" (「柱の男・サンタナ」 その⑨ "Hashira no Otoko: Santana" Sono 9)
5 Part 2: Battle Tendency 2
Part 2 Sentō Chōryū 2 (Part2 戦闘潮流 2)
April 18, 2002[16]
ISBN 4-08-617788-9
August 18, 2015 (digital) February 2, 2016 (physical)
ISBN 978-1421578835
  1. "Joseph Joestar of Rome" (ローマのジョセフ・ジョースター Rōma no Josefu Jōsutā)
  2. "The Red Stone of Aja" (エイジャの赤石 Eija no Sekiseki)
  3. "Ultimate Warriors from Ancient Times (1)" (太古から来た究極戦士 その① Taiko kara Kita Kyūkyoku Senshi Sono 1)
  4. "Ultimate Warriors from Ancient Times (2)" (太古から来た究極戦士 その② Taiko kara Kita Kyūkyoku Senshi Sono 2)
  5. "Ultimate Warriors from Ancient Times (3)" (太古から来た究極戦士 その③ Taiko kara Kita Kyūkyoku Senshi Sono 3)
  6. "Ultimate Warriors from Ancient Times (4)" (太古から来た究極戦士 その④ Taiko kara Kita Kyūkyoku Senshi Sono 4)
  7. "Ultimate Warriors from Ancient Times (5)" (太古から来た究極戦士 その⑤ Taiko kara Kita Kyūkyoku Senshi Sono 5)
  8. "Promise of Death: Wedding Ring" (死の契約・結婚指輪 Shi no Keiyaku: Uedingu Ringu)
  9. "Lisa Lisa, Hamon Coach (1)" (波紋教師 リサリサ その① Hamon Kyōshi Risarisa Sono 1)
  10. "Lisa Lisa, Hamon Coach (2)" (波紋教師 リサリサ その② Hamon Kyōshi Risarisa Sono 2)
  11. "Lisa Lisa, Hamon Coach (3)" (波紋教師 リサリサ その③ Hamon Kyōshi Risarisa Sono 3)
  12. "Lisa Lisa, Hamon Coach (4)" (波紋教師 リサリサ その④ Hamon Kyōshi Risarisa Sono 4)
  13. "Lisa Lisa, Hamon Coach (5)" (波紋教師 リサリサ その⑤ Hamon Kyōshi Risarisa Sono 5)
  14. "Lisa Lisa, Hamon Coach (6)" (波紋教師 リサリサ その⑥ Hamon Kyōshi Risarisa Sono 6)
  15. "Go! Hamon Master" (行け!波紋マスター Ike! Hamon Masutā)
  16. "Flame Mode Esidisi (1)" (炎・流法(モード) エシディシ その① Honō Mōdo Eshidishi Sono 1)
  17. "Flame Mode Esidisi (2)" (炎・流法(モード) エシディシ その② Honō Mōdo Eshidishi Sono 2)
6 Part 2: Battle Tendency 3
Part 2 Sentō Chōryū 3 (Part2 戦闘潮流 3)
May 17, 2002[17]
ISBN 4-08-617789-7
November 17, 2015 (digital) May 3, 2016 (physical)
ISBN 978-1421578842
  1. "Flame Mode Esidisi (3)" (炎・流法(モード) エシディシ その③ Honō Mōdo Eshidishi Sono 3)
  2. "The Hidden Ruins (1)" (忍びよる残骸 その① Shinobiyoru Zangai Sono 1)
  3. "The Hidden Ruins (2)" (忍びよる残骸 その② Shinobiyoru Zangai Sono 2)
  4. "Von Stroheim's Revenge (1)" (シュトロハイム隊の逆襲 その① Shutorohaimu-tai no Gyakushū Sono 1)
  5. "Von Stroheim's Revenge (2)" (シュトロハイム隊の逆襲 その② Shutorohaimu-tai no Gyakushū Sono 2)
  6. "Von Stroheim's Revenge (3)" (シュトロハイム隊の逆襲 その③ Shutorohaimu-tai no Gyakushū Sono 3)
  7. "Light Mode Kars (1)" (光・流法(モード) カーズ その① Hikari Mōdo Kāzu Sono 1)
  8. "Light Mode Kars (2)" (光・流法(モード) カーズ その② Hikari Mōdo Kāzu Sono 2)
  9. "Caesar's Lonely Youth (1)" (シーザー孤独の青春 その① Shīzā Kodoku no Seishun Sono 1)
  10. "Caesar's Lonely Youth (2)" (シーザー孤独の青春 その② Shīzā Kodoku no Seishun Sono 2)
  11. "Caesar's Lonely Youth (3)" (シーザー孤独の青春 その③ Shīzā Kodoku no Seishun Sono 3)
  12. "Caesar's Lonely Youth (4)" (シーザー孤独の青春 その④ Shīzā Kodoku no Seishun Sono 4)
  13. "Caesar's Lonely Youth (5)" (シーザー孤独の青春 その⑤ Shīzā Kodoku no Seishun Sono 5)
  14. "Caesar's Lonely Youth (6)" (シーザー孤独の青春 その⑥ Shīzā Kodoku no Seishun Sono 6)
  15. "Ascending the Fort Hotel" (要塞ホテルを登り切れ Yōsai Hoteru o Noborikire)
  16. "The Wind, the Chariots, and Wamuu (1)" (風と戦車とワムウ その① Kaze to Sensha to Wamū Sono 1)
  17. "The Wind, the Chariots, and Wamuu (2)" (風と戦車とワムウ その② Kaze to Sensha to Wamū Sono 2)
7 Part 2: Battle Tendency 4
Part 2 Sentō Chōryū 4 (Part2 戦闘潮流 4)
May 17, 2002[18]
ISBN 4-08-617790-0
March 15, 2016 (digital) August 2, 2016 (physical)
ISBN 978-1421578859
  1. "The Wind, the Chariots, and Wamuu (3)" (風と戦車とワムウ その③ Kaze to Sensha to Wamū Sono 3)
  2. "The Wind, the Chariots, and Wamuu (4)" (風と戦車とワムウ その④ Kaze to Sensha to Wamū Sono 4)
  3. "The Wind, the Chariots, and Wamuu (5)" (風と戦車とワムウ その⑤ Kaze to Sensha to Wamū Sono 5)
  4. "The Wind, the Chariots, and Wamuu (6)" (風と戦車とワムウ その⑥ Kaze to Sensha to Wamū Sono 6)
  5. "The Wind, the Chariots, and Wamuu (7)" (風と戦車とワムウ その⑦ Kaze to Sensha to Wamū Sono 7)
  6. "The Wind, the Chariots, and Wamuu (8)" (風と戦車とワムウ その⑧ Kaze to Sensha to Wamū Sono 8)
  7. "The Wind, the Chariots, and Wamuu (9)" (風と戦車とワムウ その⑨ Kaze to Sensha to Wamū Sono 9)
  8. "The Warrior Returning to the Wind" (風にかえる戦士 Kaze ni Kaeru Senshi)
  9. "The Ties That Bind Lisa Lisa and JoJo (1)" (リサリサとジョジョを結ぶ絆 その① Risarisa to JoJo o Musubu Kizuna Sono 1)
  10. "The Ties That Bind Lisa Lisa and JoJo (2)" (リサリサとジョジョを結ぶ絆 その② Risarisa to JoJo o Musubu Kizuna Sono 2)
  11. "JoJo: The Ultimate Hamon (1)" (ジョジョ 最後の波紋 その① JoJo Saigo no Hamon Sono 1)
  12. "JoJo: The Ultimate Hamon (2)" (ジョジョ 最後の波紋 その② JoJo Saigo no Hamon Sono 2)
  13. "Superbeing Kars Is Born (1)" (超生物カーズ誕生 その① Chō Seibutsu Kāzu Tanjō Sono 1)
  14. "Superbeing Kars Is Born (2)" (超生物カーズ誕生 その② Chō Seibutsu Kāzu Tanjō Sono 2)
  15. "Joseph's Final Gamble" (ジョセフ最後の賭け Josefu Saigo no Kake)
  16. "The Man Who Became a God" (神となった男 Kami to Natta Otoko)
  17. "The Man Who Crossed the Atlantic Ocean" (大西洋を越えて来た男 Taiseiyō o Koetekita Otoko)

Related media[edit]

Ōtarō Maijō's 2012 novel Jorge Joestar, follows the titular character, the father of Joseph Joestar, and his story as a child in the Canary Islands and pilot in the Royal Air Force, as well as an alternate version who lives in Japan and is investigating strange events regarding alternate dimensions.[19]

The arc was adapted as part of the first season of David Production's television anime adaptation, airing between December 7, 2012 and April 5, 2013. Warner Bros. Entertainment released this series in English on July 28, 2015.[20]

The young Joseph of this series appears as a playable character, alongside his older self, in Capcom's 1998 arcade fighting game, JoJo's Bizarre Adventure. Joseph, Caesar, Wamuu, Esidisi and Kars appear as playable characters in Bandai Namco Games' 2013 fighting game, JoJo's Bizarre Adventure: All-Star Battle, with Lisa Lisa later appearing as a downloadable character. Joseph, Caesar, Stroheim, Lisa Lisa, Wamuu, Esidisi, and Kars also appear in JoJo's Bizarre Adventure: Eyes of Heaven, also by Bandai Namco.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "コミックナタリー - 「ジョジョ」カラーページを完全再現した「JoJonium」刊行". Natalie.mu. September 19, 2013. Retrieved August 22, 2016. 
  2. ^ "JoJo's Bizarre Adventures: Battle Tendency Gets Print Edition in Fall 2015". Anime News Network. July 8, 2014. Retrieved August 22, 2016. 
  3. ^ "Director of Jojo's Bizarre Adventure Coming to AX for World Premiere of English dub". Anime Expo.org. Retrieved 2015-06-09. 
  4. ^ Araki, Hirohiko (April 21, 2015). JoJo's Bizarre Adventure: Part 1 Battle Tendency. 1. Viz Media. p. 365. ISBN 978-1-4215-7882-8. 
  5. ^ Araki, Hirohiko (November 17, 2015). JoJo's Bizarre Adventure: Part 1 Battle Tendency. 3. Viz Media. p. 265. ISBN 978-1-4215-7884-2. 
  6. ^ Araki, Hirohiko (August 18, 2015). JoJo's Bizarre Adventure: Part 1 Battle Tendency. 2. Viz Media. p. 365. ISBN 978-1-4215-7883-5. 
  7. ^ a b Araki, Hirohiko (March 15, 2016). JoJo's Bizarre Adventure: Part 1 Battle Tendency. 4. Viz Media. p. 409. ISBN 978-1-4215-7885-9. 
  8. ^ "JoJo's Bizarre Adventure Volume 6". Shueisha. Retrieved January 24, 2009. 
  9. ^ "JoJo's Bizarre Adventure Volume 7". Shueisha. Retrieved January 24, 2009. 
  10. ^ "JoJo's Bizarre Adventure Volume 8". Shueisha. Retrieved January 24, 2009. 
  11. ^ "JoJo's Bizarre Adventure Volume 9". Shueisha. Retrieved January 24, 2009. 
  12. ^ "JoJo's Bizarre Adventure Volume 10". Shueisha. Retrieved January 24, 2009. 
  13. ^ "JoJo's Bizarre Adventure Volume 11". Shueisha. Retrieved January 24, 2009. 
  14. ^ "JoJo's Bizarre Adventure Volume 12". Shueisha. Retrieved January 24, 2009. 
  15. ^ "JoJo's Bizarre Adventure Battle Tendency 1". Shueisha. Retrieved 2014-04-05. 
  16. ^ "JoJo's Bizarre Adventure Battle Tendency 2". Shueisha. Retrieved 2014-04-05. 
  17. ^ "JoJo's Bizarre Adventure Battle Tendency 3". Shueisha. Retrieved 2014-04-05. 
  18. ^ "JoJo's Bizarre Adventure Battle Tendency 4". Shueisha. Retrieved 2014-04-05. 
  19. ^ "JORGE JOESTAR". Amazon.co.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved 2012-12-26. 
  20. ^ http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2015-06-10/anime-expo-to-premiere-english-jojo-bizarre-adventure-dub-with-director-naokatsu-tsuda/.89098