Joseph M. Root

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Joseph M. Root
Joseph M. Root.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 21st district
In office
March 4, 1845 – March 3, 1851
Preceded byEdward S. Hamlin
Succeeded byNorton Strange Townshend
Member of the Ohio Senate
from the Huron & Erie Counties district
In office
December 7, 1840 – December 4, 1842
Preceded byJosiah Tracy
Succeeded byJohn Fuller
Member of the Ohio Senate
from the 30th district
In office
January 3, 1870 – December 31, 1871
Serving with Homer Everett
Preceded byHomer Everett
Succeeded byW. O. Parker
Personal details
Joseph Mosley Root

(1807-10-07)October 7, 1807
Brutus, New York
DiedApril 7, 1879(1879-04-07) (aged 71)
Sandusky, Ohio
Resting placeOakland Cemetery, Sandusky, Ohio
Political partyWhig
Other political
Free Soil
Spouse(s)Mary S. Buckingham
Childrenfive daughters

Joseph Mosley Root (October 7, 1807 – April 7, 1879) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.

Life and career[edit]

The son of Joseph Root III & Tryphena Mosley he was born October 7, 1807, in Brutus, New York. Root pursued classical studies and later studied law in Auburn, New York. He moved to Ohio in 1829, where he was admitted to the bar in 1830 and commenced practice in Norwalk.

In 1832-1833, Root was Mayor of Sandusky, Ohio.[1] In 1835, Root married Mary S. Buckingham in Norwalk. They had five daughters.[1] Root was elected prosecuting attorney of Huron County in 1837. He served as a member of the State Senate in 1840 and 1841.

Root's home in Sandusky

Root was elected as a Whig to the Twenty-ninth Congress. He was reelected to the Thirtieth Congress and reelected as a Free-Soil candidate to the Thirty-first Congress (March 4, 1845 – March 3, 1851). In 1848, he introduced a resolution that recommended New Mexico and California have territorial governments which excluded slavery.[2] He served as chairman of the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of the Treasury (Thirtieth Congress). He served as Presidential elector on the Republican ticket in 1860. He was appointed United States Attorney for the northern district of Ohio in 1861. He was again a member of the Ohio Senate in 1869. He served as Democratic delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1873. He was an unsuccessful Democratic candidate for probate judge of Erie County in 1875.

He died in Sandusky, Ohio, April 7, 1879. He was interred in Oakland Cemetery.

The Joseph Root House in Sandusky may have been a "safe house" on the Underground Railroad, and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[1]


  • United States Congress. "Joseph M. Root (id: R000433)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

External links[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Edward S. Hamlin
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 21st congressional district

Succeeded by
Norton S. Townshend