Joseph Mackey Brown
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|Joseph Mackey Brown|
|Governor of Georgia|
June 26, 1909 – July 1, 1911
|Preceded by||Michael H. Smith|
|Succeeded by||Michael H. Smith|
January 25, 1912 – June 28, 1913
|Preceded by||John M. Slaton|
|Succeeded by||John M. Slaton|
December 28, 1851|
|Died||March 3, 1932
Joseph Mackey Brown (December 28, 1851 – March 3, 1932) was an American politician. He served two non-consecutive terms as the 59th Governor of Georgia, the first from 1909 to 1911 and the second from 1912 to 1913. He has also been posthumously implicated as one of the ringleaders in the lynching of Leo Frank.
After graduating from Oglethorpe University in 1872 (where he joined Chi Phi Fraternity), Brown attended Harvard University for a time to study law. He continued his studies at his brother's Georgia law practice and passed the bar in 1873; however, he never practiced law due to failing eyesight. He continued his studies at an Atlanta, Georgia business college and became a clerk with the Western and Atlantic Railroad. During his career at the railroad he rose to the position of traffic manager for the company, and he married Cora Annie McCord.
In 1904, Brown was appointed to the Georgia State Railroad Commission by then-Governor Joseph M. Terrell. That appointment was rescinded in 1907 when the new Governor, Hoke Smith, removed Brown over disagreements about passenger fares.
Brown exacted revenge by running against Smith in the 1908 gubernatorial election and winning. Smith again won the governorship in the election of 1910 by beating Brown in the democratic primary and in the general election in which Brown ran as an independent. Smith left before the end of his second term to assume the United States Senate seat that became vacant upon the death of Alexander S. Clay, and Brown ran unopposed to become Governor again for the rest of Smith's original term.
Brown faced Smith once again in the 1914 election for the Senate seat previously filled by Smith. Smith won that election.
Brown also authored two books, The Mountain Campaigns in Georgia (1886) and Astyanax (1907), served as director and vice president of the First National Bank of Marietta, and owned and operated Cherokee Mills in Marietta.
- Wheeler, Kenneth H.; Cowart, Jennifer Lee (Winter 2013). "Who Was the Real Gus Coggins?: Social Struggle and Criminal Mystery in Cherokee County, 1912-1927". Georgia Historical Quarterly. 97 (4). Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- Alphin, Elaine Marie An Unspeakable Crime: The Prosecution and Persecution of Leo Frank Carolrhoda Books, 2010, p. 117
- Oney, Steve (2004), And the Dead Shall Rise: The Murder of Mary Phagan and the Lynching of Leo Frank, New York and Toronto: Pantheon Books, ISBN 978-0-679-42147-4
- The New Georgia Encyclopedia entry for Joseph M. Brown
- This Day in Georgia History:March 3, Ed Jackson and Charly Pou, Carl Vinson Institute of Government, The University of Georgia
- Portrait of Joseph M. Brown
- Georgia Governor's Gravesites Field Guide (1776-2003)
- Joseph M. Brown campaign button
- "Presidential Party before Memorial of Archibald Butt, Augusta, Ga., 1912. Breakfast at Residence of Thos. Barrett, Jr.". Vanishing Georgia. Digital Library of Georgia. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
|Governor of Georgia
John M. Slaton
|Governor of Georgia
John M. Slaton