Dr. Joseph Leo McGahn (c. 1917 – December 24, 1999) was an American obstetrician and Democratic Party politician from New Jersey who served for six years in the New Jersey Senate from 1972 to 1978, where he was a key figure in bringing casino gambling to Atlantic City.
Education and medical career
McGahn was born in Atlantic City. He attended St. Mary's College of Maryland, graduating summa cum laude in 1939 and was awarded his Doctor of Medicine degree in 1943 from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. After graduating from medical school, he served as a general surgeon in the United States Army Medical Corps during World War II.
McGahn served on the Absecon, New Jersey City Council and as its mayor. He won the Democratic primary for State Senate in 1971 in the district, in which registered Republican Party heavily outnumbered Democrats, and ran for office without the support of the local Democratic Party leadership. On Election Day, November 3, 1971, McGahn defeated incumbent Frank S. Farley, who had served a total of 34 years in the New Jersey Legislature, to win a seat in the New Jersey Senate, in a race in which McGahn focused on corruption, in the wake of federal investigation of the Republican Party machine in Atlantic City.
Shortly after taking office, McGahn was the cosponsor of a bill to bring casino gambling to New Jersey. He was described by The New York Times as the "principal architect" of legislation that brought casino gambling to Atlantic City. He also pushed for the creation of the New Jersey Casino Control Commission, considered the most rigorous casino enforcement agency at the time.
He ran for office again in 1973, again winning without support of the Democratic establishment. While in the Senate, he served as chairman of the Committee on Agriculture, Energy and the Environment.
In 1974, McGahn pushed for legislation granting exemptions to healthcare institutions from a requirement to provide abortions or sterilizations if they objected on religious or moral grounds. The bill passed the legislature and was signed into law by Governor Brendan Byrne despite his feelings that the legislation "may have gone too far,"
Party leadership at the Democratic convention in 1977 roundly supported Steven P. Perskie, a Democratic member of the New Jersey General Assembly, by a margin of 266 to 77. McGahn ran in the general election as an independent, with Perskie beating both McGahn and Republican candidate Frederick Perone. Both McGahn and Perskie had won election to the Legislature in 1971, despite the Republicans 4-1 edge in registration.
After the legislature
Both before and after his service in the legislature, he worked at the Atlantic City Medical Center, specializing in emergency medicine. From 1984 to 1989, he became medical director at Resorts International.
- Saxon, Wolfgang. "Joseph McGahn, 82, Pioneer Of Casinos in Atlantic City", The New York Times, December 28, 1999. Accessed August 18, 2008.
- Carroll, Maurice. "DEMOCRATIC GAINS POSTED IN JERSEY; G.O.P. Control of Assembly Imperiled and Senate Edge Is Cut -- Farley Beaten Jersey Democrats Score Gains in the Legislature", The New York Times, November 3, 1971. Accessed August 18, 2008.
- Braun, Martin Z. "JOSEPH MCGAHN, 82, EX-SENATOR WHO WAS A PROPONENT OF CASINOS", The Philadelphia Inquirer, December 25, 1999. Accessed August 18, 2008.
- "How the Vote Went in New Jersey and Suburban Counties; Many Incumbents Win; Results of Voting in Races Here on Tuesday and Statewide Selection of Chief Judge Vote for Mayor Council President Vote Balloting for Controller City Council Districts City Council Results N.Y. Assembly The Courts Results in Vote for Chief Judge of Court of Appeals Indicators New Jersey Vote State Senate Voting Results in Suffolk Election Results in Westchester Balloting in Rockland N.Y. Constitutional Amendments Transportation Bond Vote Vote Results in Nassau New Jersey Public Questions", The New York Times, November 8, 1973.
- Appel, Jacob M. "'CONSCIENCE' VS. CARE: HOW REFUSAL CLAUSES ARE RESHAPING THE RIGHTS REVOLUTION", Medicine and Health Rhode Island, August 2005. Accessed August 18, 2008.
- Waldron, Martin. "Income Tax Fails as Issue in Legislative Primaries; Dugan and Mrs. Ammond Defeated in Senate Races", The New York Times, June 9, 1977. Accessed August 18, 2008.
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- Narvaez, Alfonso. "Easy Triumph by Governor Helps Democrats Keep Trenton Control", The New York Times, November 9, 1977. Accessed August 18, 2008.
- "TOTALS FOR VOTE IN ELECTIONS IN CITY, SUBURBS AND NEARBY STATES; KEY TO SYMBOLS", The New York Times, November 5, 1981. Accessed August 18, 2008.
- History & Milestones, South Jersey Transportation Authority. Accessed August 18, 2008.