Joseph Newton Chandler III

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Joseph Newton Chandler III
Joe Chandler III.jpg
1999 driver's license photo
Born
Robert Ivan Nichols[1]

September 12, 1926[2]
Diedc. July 23, 2002(2002-07-23) (aged 75)
Cause of deathSuicide by gunshot to the mouth
Known forFormerly unidentified identity thief
Height5 ft 7 in (1.70 m)
Weight160 lb (73 kg)

Robert Ivan Nichols, alias Joseph Newton Chandler III (September 12, 1926 – c. July 23, 2002), was a formerly unidentified identity thief who committed suicide in Eastlake, Ohio, in July 2002. After his death, investigators were unable to locate his family and discovered that he had stolen the identity of an eight-year-old boy who was killed in a car crash in Texas in 1945.[3][4]

The lengths to which Nichols went to hide his identity led to speculation that he was a fugitive.[4][5]

In late 2016, U.S. Marshals Service, Cleveland, Ohio announced that forensic genealogist Dr. Colleen Fitzpatrick of Identifinders International had compared the then-unidentified man's Y-STR profile to public genetic genealogy Y-STR databases to determine his possible last name was "Nicholas".[1] In 2017 Fitzpatrick along with Dr. Margaret Press formed the non-profit DNA Doe Project, which revisited the case by analyzing the man's autosomal DNA using the same methodology they used in identifying Marcia King and Lyle Stevik. In March 2018 the DNA Doe Project identified the man as Robert Ivan Nichols. The U.S. Marshals Service announced the identification at a press conference in Cleveland on June 21, 2018.[6][7][8]

Background[edit]

Real Joseph Chandler[edit]

Joseph Newton Chandler III (March 11, 1937 – December 21, 1945), born in Buffalo, New York, was eight years old[3][5][9] when he was killed in a traffic accident along with his parents in Texas on December 21, 1945.[4][5][9] Reports differ on whether the accident took place in Sherman[4][5] or Weatherford.[9][10]

Nichols' life and identity theft[edit]

Robert Nichols was born on September 12, 1926, in New Albany, Indiana,[2] to Silas and Alpha Nichols, who had four boys.[7] He joined the US Navy in World War II and served as a firefighter on the USS Aaron Ward which was bombed by the Japanese in 1945 off Okinawa.[7] He was wounded and awarded the Purple Heart. He burned his uniforms after the war.[2]

Nichols married Laverne Kort in 1947; they had three sons and Nichols worked for General Electric as a draftsman. In 1964, Nichols left his wife and sons and filed for divorce the same year.[2] He moved to Dearborn, Michigan, where he told his parents that he worked in the automobile industry. In March 1965 he wrote to his parents that he had moved to Richmond, California,[9] and he also sent a letter to his son Phil from Napa, California, the same month.[7] His family never heard from him again and they reported him missing in 1965.[11] When the family used detectives to attempt to find him in California and Indiana, they were unable to turn up anyone who knew him. Nichols worked using his real name until 1976 according to the US Internal Revenue Service.[11]

Nichols stole Chandler's identity in September 1978 in Rapid City, South Dakota, after applying for a Social Security card, and moved to the Cleveland area shortly after.

In 1978 he worked for Edko Company, an engineering business in Cleveland[7] and later worked as an electrical designer and draftsman for Lubrizol, a chemical company headquartered in Wickliffe, Ohio.[9] The company laid him off in 1997.[3] He had claimed to have a sister named "Mary Wilson"; however, the address he provided for her in Columbus, Ohio, was fictitious.[5] It was eventually revealed that Nichols was actually born at the same address in New Albany.[11]

Nichols was described as being a hermit who only left his home to go to work and eat.[9] Co-workers have said he rarely talked to anyone and appeared to have few or no friends.[4][5] In one instance at a Halloween gathering in 1992, he came to the event dressed as a gangster, yet talked to no one the entire night. He also took part in behavior perceived as eccentric and unusual, such as listening to white noise for hours, and once drove to an L.L. Bean store in Maine (a drive of at least ten hours and 700 miles/1,100 km), only to promptly turn around and drive back to Ohio after discovering that there were no spots available in the store's parking lot.[5] In 1989 he arrived at a local hospital with lacerations to his penis, claiming to have received them via a vacuum cleaner. He also had a knack for tinkering, and made homemade electronic devices. He had a computer which he occasionally used, and it was later revealed that he had made searches on “plastic explosives.”

Suicide[edit]

His body was discovered in his apartment on July 30, 2002. He was believed to have killed himself about a week earlier.[9] He had committed suicide by shooting himself in the mouth with a .38-caliber Charter Arms revolver he had purchased a few months earlier.[5][9] On his calender he had marked down the days until his suicide, and before he shot himself closed the blinds and turned off the air conditioning, likely to quicken the decomposition process. He had recently been diagnosed with colon cancer, which may have influenced his decision to end his own life.[3][4][9]

He had $82,000 in his bank account and had listed his co-workers as emergency contacts.[3] His identity theft was only revealed when authorities could not find any relatives and discovered that the real Chandler had died decades prior. Authorities were unable to find any usable fingerprints to assist in identification and were only able to get a DNA sample after discovering he had visited a Lake County, Ohio, hospital for colon cancer surgery back in 2000.[5][7]

Theories[edit]

Authorities had speculated that he was a fugitive of some kind, possibly on the run after having committed one or more violent crimes.[5][9] There were many theories as to what he may have been hiding from, none of which were confirmed.

Some internet sleuths suggested that he might have been the infamous unidentified serial murderer known as the Zodiac killer, as he did somewhat resemble police sketches of the Zodiac, and was known to have lived in California, where the Zodiac operated. Another theory was that he may have been a fugitive named Steven Campbell, an engineer from Cheyenne, Wyoming wanted for attempted murder.[3][4][9] Authorities also considered the possibility that he could have been a German soldier or Nazi official from the Second World War who had fled to the United States in an attempt to escape prosecution for alleged war crimes.[4]

Investigators are also following a potential link to the unsolved 1989 murder of Amy Mihaljevic.[12][13]

Identification[edit]

In 2014, at the request of the local police, Peter J. Elliott, United States Marshal for the Northern District of Ohio, reopened the Chandler case. Based on DNA extracted from a tissue sample from a Lake County, Ohio, hospital, a CODIS profile was generated, but no hits were found. In 2016, he asked forensic genealogist Colleen Fitzpatrick to compare Chandler's Y-STR profile obtained from a tissue sample to the public Y-STR genetic genealogy databases.[11] A match indicated his possible surname as Nicholas or Nichols. In 2018, Fitzpatrick and Press's organization DNA Doe Project used autosomal SNP analysis, with bioinformatics analysis of the DNA results performed by Full Genomes Corporation, and the use of GEDmatch, a public personal genomics database, to find DNA matches, to identify Chandler as an engineering draftsman from New Albany, Indiana, named Robert Ivan Nichols.[14][15] A CODIS match with Phil Nichols, Robert Nichols' son, confirmed the identification.[2][8]

See also[edit]

  • Lori Erica Ruff, the name used by Kimberly McLean, a woman who ran away from her Philadelphia-area home in 1986 and lived on the stolen identity of a deceased child before taking her own life in Texas in 2010.
  • Lyle Stevik, a formerly unidentified male who gave the alias name when he checked into a hotel in Washington. He committed suicide in his room on September 16, 2001. He was identified on May 8, 2018. His identity has been withheld at the request of his family.
  • Peter Bergmann, an alias used by an unidentified male found deceased on Rosses Point beach near Sligo, Ireland, on June 16, 2009.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Golston, Hilary. "FIRST LOOK Infamous Cleveland cold case suspect may be named". wkyc.com. WKYC. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e Gillespie, Mark (2018-06-21). "Real name of mystery man who died in 2002 revealed". Star Tribune. Retrieved 2018-06-22.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Who Was Joseph Newton Chandler?". centredaily.com. Centre Daily Times. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Goldston, Hillary. "Cold Case: Why did dead Eastlake man steal young boy's identity?". wkyc.com. WKYC. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Caniglia, John. "Chasing a ghost: U.S. Marshal investigates dead Eastlake man who stole boy's identity; believes he was a violent fugitive". cleveland.com. Cleveland.com. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
  6. ^ "Mystery of Joseph Newton Chandler III's true identity to be revealed". WKYC. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Caniglia, John (2018-06-21). "Authorities solve cold case of war hero who hid behind dead boy's identity". Cleveland.com. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
  8. ^ a b "Real Name of Mystery Man Who Died in 2002 Revealed". New York Times. 2018-06-21. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Case File: 454UMOH". doenetwork.org. Doe Network. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
  10. ^ "NamUs UP # 13634". identifyus.org. NamUs. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
  11. ^ a b c d Cass, Andrew (2018-06-21). "Joseph Newton Chandler III's true identity is Robert Ivan Nichols, but authorities still don't know why". The News-Herald. Retrieved 2018-06-22.
  12. ^ McPadden, Michael (25 June 2018). "Is ID Thief Robert Nichols Connected to the 1989 Ohio Murder of 10-Year-Old?". Investigation Discovery. Crime Feed. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  13. ^ Sheil, Bill (22 June 2018). "Bay Village police will look to see if mystery man might have any connection to Amy Mihaljevic case". fox8.com. Fox News. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  14. ^ https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2018/06/22/he-stole-the-identity-of-a-dead-8-year-old-police-now-want-to-know-what-he-was-hiding-from/
  15. ^ True Crime Queen. "Press Conference Regarding Joseph Newton Chandler III". Retrieved 6 February 2019 – via YouTube.