Joseph P. Ganim
|Joseph P. Ganim|
|51st & 54th Mayor of Bridgeport, Connecticut|
December 1, 2015
|Preceded by||Bill Finch|
November 11, 1991 – April 4, 2003
|Preceded by||Mary C. Moran|
|Succeeded by||John M. Fabrizi|
|Born||Joseph Peter Ganim
October 21, 1959
Bridgeport, Connecticut, U.S.
|Alma mater||University of Connecticut (B.A.)
University of Bridgeport (J.D.)
Joseph Peter Ganim (born October 21, 1959) is an American politician and mayor of Bridgeport, Connecticut. A Democrat, Ganim was elected mayor of the city five times, and served from 1991 to 2003, when he resigned after being convicted on federal felony corruption charges. Released in 2010 after serving time in federal prison, Ganim returned to Bridgeport and successfully made a political comeback in 2015 when he again won election as mayor, and was sworn in on December 1, 2015.
- 1 Early life and career
- 2 Political career and mayor of Bridgeport, 1991–2003
- 3 Conviction on corruption charges
- 4 Federal prison
- 5 Release and return to Bridgeport: 2010–15
- 6 2015 campaign for mayor
- 7 Return to office: December 2015 to present
- 8 Personal life
- 9 References
- 10 Sources
- 11 External links
Early life and career
Ganim was born to George W. Ganim Sr. and Josephine Ganim of Easton, Connecticut. Ganim's father was a prominent Bridgeport attorney and Republican Party loyalist who was a lieutenant of local Republican boss Ed Sandula. Ganim, on the other hand, became a Democrat.
Political career and mayor of Bridgeport, 1991–2003
Ganim was elected the 51st mayor of Bridgeport in 1991, receiving 15,768 votes (54%) and defeating incumbent Mayor Mary C. Moran, who received 10,951 votes, and two minor party candidates, who got a combined total of 2,258 additional votes. During his campaign, Ganim accused Moran of making the city "a symbol of urban failure with a bankruptcy filing that drew national headlines." The city's dire financial straits at the time caused it to be the only municipality in Connecticut to have its finances under the control of a state board. The state board had ordered the city to raise its property taxes by 18 percent to close a $16 million budget shortfall for the 1991-92 fiscal year. Ganim also campaigned on a law and order platform, promising to hire a hundred new city police officers to combat crime. One reason why Ganim was elected was because "there were few politicians who wanted the grief of being mayor of Bridgeport for the paltry salary of $52,000 a year, hence there was not a lot of strong opposition with which Ganim had to contend." When Ganim became Bridgeport's fiftieth mayor, he was the youngest person to hold the office in city history.
Ganim was subsequently reelected four times, serving five terms. In 1993, Ganim won reelection in a landslide, defeating Republican Anthony G. Minutolo by a 4-1 margin. In 1995, Ganim defeated Republican challenger George H. Comer, the town chairman, by a 6-1 margin. In 1997, Ganim defeated Republican challenger Joan K. Magnuson by a huge margin. In that election, Ganim's appearances on taxpayer-funded commercials "boosting his city's image" were criticized by his opponents, who believed that the commercials were tools for re-election.
In 1994, three years after becoming mayor, Ganim ran for the Democratic nomination for governor of Connecticut. Ganim withdrew from the race in July 1994, less than a week before the Connecticut Democratic convention, after lagging in the polls, and endorsed John B. Larson, the State Senate president pro tem and the front-runner for the party's nomination.
Under Ganim, the City of Bridgeport joined a number of U.S. cities (others included New Orleans, Miami, and Chicago) to file legal actions against the handgun industry, arguing that they were liable for product liability negligence in failing to use technology to make their products safer, leading to handgun violence. Such suits were inspired by successful litigation against the tobacco industry. The City of Bridgeport's suit was filed in Connecticut Superior Court in January 1999; it named Smith & Wesson, 11 other U.S. firearms manufacturers, three handgun trade associations, and a dozen gun dealers in southwestern Connecticut as defendants. Ganim said that the city's action aimed at "creating law with litigation...That's the route that we're going because [the industry has] always very effectively, with big money, lobbied the legislature and kept laws from being passed." The city sought $100 million in damages for the cost of human life lost and the public cost of treating shooting victims; Ganim said that the city would agree to a settlement, "if the companies will agree to improve the design of their handguns to prevent their misuse." The suit was unsuccessful: the court dismissed for lack of standing in December 1999, and the dismissal was unanimously upheld by the state supreme court in 2001.
As mayor, Ganim began to clean up the city's East End, reducing the area's notorious crime rates and reclaiming real estate from drug gangs. Under Ganim, the city installed street lights and street signs and planted trees and flowers. In 1999, Ganim was one of three American mayors to receive the City Livability Program Award from the United States Conference of Mayors. The award was conferred for Ganim's "Clean and Green program," which addressed urban decay and blight through a beautification campaign which saw the demolition of more than five buildings and the development of twelve new city parks. A cornerstone of the city's redevelopment efforts was the construction of a new baseball park (The Ballpark at Harbor Yard) for a minor league baseball team, the building of a new arena (Webster Bank Arena), and the redevelopment of industrial land on the city's waterfront. Ganim's term also saw the competition of demolition of Father Panik Village—a housing project notorious for drugs and violent crime; the final fifteen buildings were razed in 1993.
Conviction on corruption charges
On March 19, 2003, Ganim was convicted of 16 federal counts: one count each of racketeering, extortion, racketeering conspiracy, and bribery; two counts of bribery conspiracy; eight counts of mail fraud, and two counts of filing a false tax return. Ganim was acquitted of six other counts. Ganim surrendered his law license upon conviction. The charges arose from Ganim's "role in a six-year scheme to shake down city contractors for more than $500,000 in cash, meals, clothing, wine and home renovations." In April 2003, two weeks after being convicted, Ganim resigned from office. He was replaced by councilman John M. Fabrizi.
Ganim faced a possible sentence of up to 126 years, $500,000 in restitution, and $4 million in fines. Federal prosecutors asked for a sentence of ten years and one month, while the defense asked for a sentence of no more than three years and ten months. Testimonials seeking leniency were filed with the court on Ganim's behalf, including one from Cardinal Edward M. Egan of New York. On July 1, 2003, U.S. District Judge Janet Bond Arterton sentenced Ganim to nine years in prison and about $300,000 in fines and restitution, in addition to $175,000 that he had previously stipulated that he owed. Judge Arterton said that Ganim's crimes were "stuff that cynicism is made of" and determined by clear and convincing evidence that Ganim had "lied to the jury when he denied any knowledge of fee-splitting deals and other incriminating evidence." Ganim appealed, and the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit upheld Ganim's convictions in December 2007.
Ganim surrendered in September 2003 and served most of his sentence at FCI Fort Dix in New Jersey. He unsuccessfully petitioned for a transfer to FCI Otisville on New York, in order to be with his family. In 2009, Ganim was transferred to the FCI McKean prison camp in Pennsylvania. Ganim then served the last seven months of his sentence at a halfway house in Hartford. Ganim's sentence was reduced by a year for participating in a drug-treatment program.
Release and return to Bridgeport: 2010–15
In July 2010, Ganim was released after serving seven years in prison. After his release, Ganim worked as a legal assistant at his family's law firm in Bridgeport. Ganim and his brother George Ganim Jr. also opened a consulting service, Federal Prison Consultant LLC, which offers other white-collar convicts advice on surviving federal prison terms.
Ganim also sought restoration of his license to practice law. In 2012, a five-member panel of the State of Connecticut Grievance Committee recommended that Ganim's license be restored. In September 2012, a three-judge panel of Connecticut Superior Court judges rejected the recommendation, writing that: "Allowing an applicant to be readmitted to the practice of law following a conviction on 16 counts of racketeering, conspiracy, extortion, mail fraud, bribery and filing false income tax returns without any apology, expression of remorse, or explanation, and with only a vague acceptance of an unspecified event, simply would set the bar for readmission too low in the state, and we are unwilling to do that." Ganim appealed to the Connecticut Supreme Court in 2014, which unanimously ruled against his effort to have his law license restored.
2015 campaign for mayor
On January 1, 2015, Ganim offered a public apology to the City of Bridgeport for his corruption scandal, saying: "I'm truly sorry." The apology—as well as visits to churches in city's mainly African-American east side, a former stronghold for Ganim during his days as mayor—fueled speculation about a return to politics for Ganim. In March 2015, Ganim moved back to Bridgeport from Easton, where he had been living.
In May 2015, Ganim officially entered the race for mayor, filing paperwork to challenge incumbent Democrat Bill Finch as mayor of Bridgeport. Ganim won the endorsement of the Bridgeport police union. Ganim also won the key support of local clergy and the Democratic machine led by Democratic Town Committee Chairman Mario Testa.
In September 2015, twelve years after his conviction, Ganim won the Democratic primary, making "a big step toward completing an improbable political comeback." Ganim defeated two primary opponents: Finch, the incumbent mayor, and University of Bridgeport vice president Mary-Jane Foster, co-founder of the Bridgeport Bluefish minor-league baseball team. Ganim received 6,264 votes, Finch 5,859, and Foster 1,177.
In the days the primary election, Finch sought to run in the general election under the "Job Creation Party" ballot line, while Foster announced she would not seek to appear on the general-election ballot as a petitioning candidate. However, Finch's campaign missed a filing deadline, and he dropped out of the race; Foster jumped back into the race, receiving Finch's endorsement.
During his campaign, Ganim promised to reduce taxes, lower crime by adding more police officers, and lower unemployment, which is high in Bridgeport. He managed to persuade Edward Adams, a former FBI agent who helped convict Ganim on corruption charges, to support his campaign. However, Michael Wolf, the FBI special agent-in-charge of Connecticut during the Ganim investigation, fired back with a letter published in the Connecticut Post saying that Adams was not the lead investigator in the Ganim case, and writing that "a mayor who swindled a city he was entrusted to govern, should not be given the opportunity to do it again." Wolf called Ganim the "poster boy" of corrupt Connecticut politicians, a group that included former Governor John G. Rowland, former state Treasurer Paul J. Silvester, and former Bridgeport state Senator Ernest Newton II.
On November 3, 2015, Ganim won election as mayor by a wide margin, defeating Mary Jane Foster (a Democrat running as an unaffiliated candidate) and Republican nominee Enrique Torres, a city councilman. Ganim's successful return to politics has been compared to Marion Barry Jr. of Washington and Vincent A. (Buddy) Cianci, Jr. of Providence, Rhode Island, other mayors who won re-election after criminal convictions. The New York Times reported Ganim's election victory as "a stunning return to public office ... remarkable for its sheer audacity, coming after a widely publicized fall from grace."
|Democratic||Joseph P. Ganim||6,264||47.10%|
|Democratic||Joseph P. Ganim||11,198||54.03%|
|Petitioning candidate||Mary-Jane Foster||6,029||29.09%|
|Republican||Enrique (Rick) Torres||2,838||13.69%|
|Petitioning candidate||David Daniels, III||504||0.024%|
|New Movement Party||Charles J. Coviello, Jr.||72||0.0035%|
|Petitioning candidate||Christopher J. Taylor||61||0.0029%|
|Petitioning candidate||Tony Barr||24||0.0012%|
Return to office: December 2015 to present
Ganim was sworn in on December 1, 2015.
In 1993, Ganim (then the 33-year-old mayor of Bridgeport) married Ellen Jennifer White, known as Jennifer. The couple wed at the St. Augustine Cathedral in Bridgeport in a ceremony performed by Bishop Edward M. Egan (later cardinal) of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Bridgeport. They had three children. Ganim's wife had stood by him through his trial and years in prison.
In 2014, the couple divorced. In 2015, a Connecticut Superior Court judge agreed to Ganim's request for a reduction in Ganim's alimony payments, he sought on the basis of his low income and lack of business in his consulting job.
- Associated Press, Ganim Sworn In As Bridgeport Mayor Five Years After Getting Out of Prison (December 1, 2015).
- Kristen Husey, Joseph Ganim, Disgraced Ex-Mayor of Bridgeport, Conn., Wins Back Job, New York Times (November 3, 2015).
- Weddings: Joseph Ganim and Jennifer White, New York Times (May 23, 1993).
- Sullivan, p. 97.
- Kirk Johnson, New Mayor in Bridgeport Faces the Same Old Problems, New York Times (November 7, 1991).
- Sullivan, pp. 97-98.
- Joseph De Avila, Ganim, Former Bridgeport Mayor Who Served Prison Time, Wins Primary, Wall Street Journal (September 17, 2015).
- Hilary Waldman, Mayors in Waterbury, Bridgeport Re-elected, Hartford Courant (November 3, 1993).
- Associated Press, Election 1995: Connecticut: Waterbury's 7-Term Mayor Ousted (November 8, 1995).
- Jon Lender, Democrats Win Key City Races, Lose Waterbury, Hartford Courant (November 8, 1995).
- Sullivan, p. 107.
- Peggy McCarthy, When All Politics Is Truly Local, New York Times (November 2, 1997).
- Michele Jacklin, Ganim's New Gubernatorial Campaign Ad, Hartford Courant (June 18, 1994).
- Ganim Is Leaving Race for Governor, New York Times (July 8, 1994).
- Craig W. Baggott & Michele Jacklin, Ganim Drops Out of Race For Governor, Backs Larson, Hartford Courant (July 8, 1994).
- Fred Musante, After Tobacco, Handgun Lawsuits, New York Times (January 31, 1999).
- Bruce Shapiro, Going for the Gunmakers, The Nation (February 4, 1999).
- David Segal, Blaming Bullets for Urban Blight, Conn. Mayor to Sue Gunmakers, Washington Post (January 27, 1999).
- John Springer, Makers of Guns Prevail in Court: Dismissal of Bridgeport's Suit Hurts Cases Nationwide, Hartford Courant (December 11, 1999).
- Ganim v. Smith and Wesson Corp., 1258 Conn. 313, 780 A.2d 98 (2001).
- Lynne Tuohy, Court Disarms Gun Lawsuit, Hartford Courant (October 2, 2001).
- Edmund H. Mahony, Joe Ganim: Is He Back?, Hartford Courant (January 25, 2015).
- Kathy Amoroso, 1999 City Livability Program Award Winners Announced at Annual Conference of Mayors in New Orleans, 67th Annual Conference of Mayors.
- Joseph De Avila, Felon Ex-Mayor Seeks Old Job in Bridgeport, Wall Street Journal (May 14, 2015).
- Sullivan, p. 100.
- Editorial: Court Right to Deny Law License to Ganim: State Supreme Court squashes former mayor's effort to get license back, Hartford Courant (April 9, 2014).
- Paul von Zielbauer, Bridgeport Mayor Convicted On 16 Charges of Corruption, New York Times (March 20, 2003).
- John Christoffersen, Ganim resigns as Bridgeport mayor following his conviction, Associated Press (April 2, 2003).
- Paul von Zielbauer, Federal Judge Sentences Former Mayor of Bridgeport to 9 Years in Corruption Case, New York Times (March 20, 2003).
- United States of America v. Joseph P. Ganim, 510 F.3d 134 (2nd Cir. 2007).
- Metro Briefing: Connecticut: Bridgeport: Ganim to Serve Time at Fort Dix, New York Times (July 18, 2003).
- Associated Press, Ganim moved to federal prison in Pa. (February 11, 2009).
- Ganim v. Federal Bureau of Prisons, 235 F. App'x 882 (3d Cir. 2007).
- Associated Press, Ex-Bridgeport Mayor Ganim freed from prison (July 19, 2010).
- Daniel Tepfer, Court: Ganim still can't practice law, Connecticut Post (April 9, 2014).
- Michael P. Mayko & Daniel Tepfer, Ganim looks to help inmates, Connecticut Post (October 26, 2010).
- Daniel Tepfer, Ganim gets backing in quest for law license, Connecticut Post (March 5, 2012).
- Daniel Tepfer, Ganim denied law license, Connecticut Post (September 27, 2012).
- Ken Dixon & Brian Lockhart, Ganim wins in landslide, Connecticut Post (November 4, 2015).
- Jim Shay, Ganim says, officially, he's running for Bridgeport mayor, Connecticut News (May 6, 2015).
- Brian Lockhart, Ganim gets police union's official support, Connecticut Post (July 2, 2015).
- Brian Lockhart, Ganim stays one step ahead, Connecticut Post (September 27, 2015).
- Diane Orson, Why Bridgeport's Mayoral Race is Closer Than You'd Think, WNPR (September 15, 2015).
- Bridgeport primary election returns, Connecticut Post (September 17, 2015).
- Mark Pazniokas, Mayor Bill Finch Off Bridgeport Ballot; Re-Election Options Slim, Hartford Courant (September 21, 2015).
- Ray Hardman & Ryan Caron King, Bridgeport Mayor Bill Finch Drops Out of Mayoral Race, Endorses Mary-Jane Foster, WNPR (September 29, 2015).
- Dave Collins, Ex-FBI Agents in a War of Words Over Ganim Mayoral Campaign in Bridgeport, Associated Press (October 29, 2015).
- Associated Press, Former Bridgeport Mayor, Out of Prison, Declares Victory in Primary (September 17, 2015).
- Ex-convict declares victory in Bridgeport mayor's race, WTNH (November 3, 2015).
- Rob Polansky, et al. Ex-con Ganim returns to mayor's seat in Bridgeport, WFSB (November 4, 2015).
- Election 2015 results, Connecticut Post.
- Daniel Tepfer & Brian Lockhart, Joe Ganim pleads for lower alimony payments (February 26, 2015).
- Rob Sullivan, Political Corruption in Bridgeport: Scandal in the Park City (The History Press: 2014)