Joseph P. Moran
|Joseph P. Moran|
|Died||c. July 1934 (age 39)
|Cause of death||Shot by the Barker-Karpis gang|
Joseph P. Moran (1895–1934) was a doctor known for catering to the Depression-era criminal underworld in the early 20th century. He was also a peripheral member of the Barker-Karpis gang, and was possibly the last physician to see the mortally wounded John Hamilton, a member of the John Dillinger gang, whom Moran refused to treat.
During World War I Moran served as a pilot in the Army Signal Corps with the rank of lieutenant. Moran then graduated from Tufts Medical School, Boston. An Illinois native, he briefly operated a successful private practice in LaSalle until his addiction to alcohol drove most of his business away. To maintain his income, Moran became what was then colloquially known as a "pin artist", that is, someone who performs illegal abortions. In 1928 he was eventually caught, convicted and sentenced to prison after one of his patients died. He received a ten-year jail term, and lost his medical license. Moran only served two years; while in prison he ran the prison hospital successfully. The warden, Henry C. Hill, was so impressed that he helped him to obtain parole in 1931 and secured the return of his medical license. 
Apparently embittered by what he considered to be an unfair re-internment, Moran cultivated links with gangsters, facilitated by his friendship with jewel thief Oliver Berg, whom he had treated in LaSalle jail. Berg helped him make contacts in the Chicago underworld, and he was appointed the official physician of the Chicago Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Warehousemen and Helpers Union. Unofficially, he became the emergency care physician for much of the Chicago underworld, despite being fairly debilitated by alcoholism. He set up his business on Irving Park Boulevard.
Mostly he stitched cuts and removed bullets from wounded gangsters such as Dillinger-gang member John "Red" Hamilton, from whom he removed five bullets after one robbery. However, in 1934 Moran began touting his skills as a plastic surgeon, able to change the faces and fingerprints of notorious outlaws in order to hinder police identification.
The Barker Gang
It was in this capacity that he became associated with the Barker-Karpis Gang. In March 1933, Moran performed plastic surgery on gang members Fred Barker and Alvin Karpis for a fee of $1,250. He was successful in removing Karpis' fingerprints (so much so that even decades later, Karpis had difficulty obtaining a passport to re-enter his native Canada), but his work on the two men's faces was judged a dismal and painful failure.
When the Barker-Karpis Gang kidnapped and ransomed Minnesota banker Edward Bremer for $200,000, Moran helped launder the money through his practice in Chicago. Six months later, while drinking with the gang in a club just outside Toledo, Ohio, Moran drunkenly bragged about the power he now held over the gang, knowing the incriminating details about their crime, saying, "I have you guys in the palm of my hand." It is this assertion that is believed to have sealed his fate.
Moran was not seen alive again after the drunken bragging incident in July 1934. On September 26, 1935, a badly decomposed body washed up on the shores of Crystal Beach, Ontario, without its hands and feet. The FBI subsequently identified the body as Moran's by means of dental records.
In 1971, Alvin Karpis wrote in his autobiography that the identification was mistaken; he claimed that Moran had been murdered by Arthur and Fred Barker and then buried in a lime pit in Michigan. The most accepted version of the tale is that Karpis himself, along with Fred Barker, took Moran on a boat "ride" on Lake Erie, during which they both murdered him.
In other media
- Joseph Moran appears as a character in the Stephen King short story "The Death of Jack Hamilton".
- Dr. Herman Einstein, the drunken, incompetent criminal plastic surgeon in Arsenic and Old Lace is loosely based on Joseph Moran.
- The drunken "Doc Saunders" (Cedric Hardwicke) in the 1957 film Baby Face Nelson is based on Moran. In this version he is killed by Nelson and dumped in the lake after failing to successfully alter Nelson's fingerprints.
- Corrupt mob-doctor "Dr. Guelffe" in Guns Don't Argue (1957) and Ma Barker's Killer Brood (1960) is based on Moran.
- Toland, J. (1995). The Dillinger Days, introduction. Da Capo Press. ISBN 0-306-80626-6.
- Matera, D. (2004). John Dillinger: The Life and Death of America's First Celebrity Criminal, p. 291. Carroll & Graf Publishers.
- William B. Breuer, J. Edgar Hoover and His G-men, Greenwood Publishing Group, 1995, p.145.
- Newton, M. (2002.) The Encyclopedia of Robberies, Heists, and Capers. Checkmark Books, an imprint of Facts on File, Inc. 0-8160-4489-9
- George Russell Girardin, William J. Helmer, Rick Mattix, Dillinger: The Untold Story, Indiana University Press, 31 Dec 2004, p.291.
- Dary Matera, John Dillinger: The Life and Death of America's First Celebrity Criminal, Da Capo Press, 2005, p.168.
- The New York Daily News. (2000). "The Justice Story: True Tales of Murder, Mystery and Mayhem". Sports Publishing LLC. ISBN 1-58261-285-4.
- Matera, D. (2004). John Dillinger: The Life and Death of America's First Celebrity Criminal, p. 391. Carroll & Graf Publishers.
- Karpis, A. (1971). Public Enemy Number One: The Alvin Karpis Story. Maclelland & Stewart Pub.