Joseph Reinhardt in 1957 (still from P. Paviot film "Django Reinhardt", 1957)
|Genres||jazz, gypsy jazz|
|Instruments||Acoustic & electric guitar|
|Years active||1920s – 1982|
|Associated acts||Django Reinhardt, Stéphane Grappelli|
Joseph "Nin-Nin" Reinhardt (1912-1982) was the younger brother of the famous jazz guitarist Django Reinhardt and played rhythm guitar on most of Django's pre-war recordings, especially those with the Paris-based Quintette du Hot Club de France between 1934 and 1939. From 1943 onwards he also made recordings which show him to be a gypsy jazz stylist of some distinction, and with his own guitar voice somewhat distinct from Django's. He was an early pioneer of the amplified jazz guitar in France and performed for years on a home-made instrument of his own design.
Life and Work
Joseph was born in Paris, France on 1 March 1912, 2 years after his famous brother. As teenagers, Joseph and Django played together as a duo in the courtyards of cafes and in the bals musettes (working class dance halls of the day). Joseph was an original member of the Quintette du Hot Club de France which commenced recording in 1934 and lasted in that form up to the outbreak of world war 2 in 1939. From 1943 onwards he recorded sporadically under his own name and also with Stéphane Grappelli in the latter's "Hot Four". Following Django's early death in 1953, Joseph put away his guitar for a while but emerged to perform in Paul Paviot's short documentary film Django Reinhardt (1957) which also featured Stéphane Grappelli, Henri Crolla and other former associates of Django.
In his late 60s, Joseph was photographed performing at the 1978 Django Reinhardt Festival held in Samois-sur-Seine, which also featured his nephew and Django's first son Lousson, playing and electric Gibson archtop guitar. Previously in the 1950s and 60s, Joseph was noted for playing on an unorthodox electrified guitar of his own construction with which he was an early pioneer of the amplified guitar style in France.
Joseph died on 7 February 1982 at the age of 69. He is buried in the cemetery at Samois alongside Django. His son Kuick is also a musician.
A full discography of Joseph's known recordings has recently been compiled at this site, also incorporating a number of rare photographs.
- Cruickshank, Ian (1982). The Guitar Style of Django Reinhardt. self-published.
- Dregni, Michael (2008). Gypsy Jazz: In Search of Django Reinhardt and the Soul of Gypsy Swing. Oxford University Press. pp. 107–119. ISBN 978-0-19-531192-1.
- https://djangonewquintettclarinet.wordpress.com/2017/08/16/discographie-de-joseph-reinhardt/ Discographie de Joseph Reinhardt