Joseph Royal

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Joseph Royal
Joseph Royal.jpg
5th Lieutenant Governor of the North-West Territories
In office
July 1, 1888 – October 31, 1893
Monarch Victoria
Governor General The Lord Stanley of Preston
The Earl of Aberdeen
Preceded by Edgar Dewdney
Succeeded by Charles Herbert Mackintosh
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Provencher
In office
December 30, 1879 – July 1, 1888
Preceded by Joseph Dubuc
Succeeded by Alphonse Alfred Clément Larivière
1st Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba
In office
March 15, 1871 – February 21, 1872
Succeeded by Curtis James Bird
Member of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba for St. Francis Xavier West
In office
December 27, 1870 – December 16, 1879
Preceded by none
Succeeded by district abolished
Personal details
Born (1837-05-07)7 May 1837
Repentigny, Lower Canada
Died 23 August 1902(1902-08-23) (aged 65)
Montreal, Quebec
Nationality Canadian
Political party Conservative
Agnès Bruyère (m. 1857)
Children 8
Residence Montreal, Quebec
Occupation journalist, lawyer, businessman
Profession politician
Cabinet Provincial:
Minister of Public Works
Attorney General
Provincial Secretary

Joseph Royal (7 May 1837 – 23 August 1902) was a Canadian journalist, lawyer, politician, businessman, and Lieutenant Governor of the Northwest Territories.

Early life and career[edit]

Royal studied at St. Mary's Jesuit college in Montreal.[2] His early publishing career included a term as editor of Montreal's Minerve from 1857 to 1859. He then founded and published other Montreal-based publications such as L'Ordre (1859–1860), La Revue Canadienne (1864) and Le Nouveau Monde (1867, editor-in-chief). Soon after moving to Manitoba, Royal founded Le Metis and operated that publication from 1871 to 1882 after which its new owner changed its title to Le Manitoba.[1]

His legal career began in Lower Canada where he was called to that province's bar in 1864. He joined the Manitoba bar in 1871 after moving to that province. In 1880, Royal left legal practice.[1]

Political career[edit]

In the 1870 Manitoba provincial elections, he was acclaimed to the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba for the riding St François Xavier West, and in 1871 he was unanimously chosen speaker. From 1874 to 1876, he was the Provincial Secretary and Minister of Public Works. From 1876 to 1878, he was the Attorney General. In 1878, he was the Minister of Public Works.[2]

In an 1879 by-election, he was elected to the House of Commons of Canada representing the Manitoba riding of Provencher. A Conservative, he was re-elected in 1882 and 1887.

Royal was appointed to, and served as a member on the Temporary North-West Council, the first legislature of the Northwest Territories from 1872 to 1876. He would later serve as the Lieutenant Governor of the Northwest Territories from 1888 to 1893.

Later life[edit]

In December 1894, Royal returned to La Minerve where he became editor-in-chief. After publishing other books, he died in Montreal in 1902.[2]


  • Vie Politique de Sir Louis H Lafontaine (1864)[1]
  • La Vallée de la Mantawa (Montreal, 1869)[2]
  • Le Canada, république ou colonie? (Montreal, 1894)[2]
  • Histoire du Canada 1841 à 1867 (Montreal, 1909) – published after death[2]


  1. ^ a b c d Gemmill, J. A. (1889). Canadian Parliamentary Companion. J Durie and Son.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Joseph Royal (1837-1902)". Manitoba Historical Society. 1 April 2010. Retrieved 3 February 2011.

External links[edit]