Ruston was the son of Robert Ruston a farmer of Chatteris, Isle of Ely and his wife Margaret Seward. He was educated at Wesley College, Sheffield and became an apprentice at the Sheffield cutlery firm of George Wostenholme. On completing his apprenticeship in 1856 with a good commercial training and having a modest inheritance from his father's estate he went into business with Burton and Proctor of Lincoln. He thus became head of the firm of Ruston, Proctor and Company, agricultural implement makers and engineers. In 1870 Ruston was Mayor of Lincoln. He was also a J.P..
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
- obit. The Automotor and Horseless Carriage Journal, June 1897, p367
- Ray Hooley's - Ruston-Hornsby - Engine Pages
- Debretts Guide to the House of Commons 1886
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 188. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 137. ISBN 0-900178-27-2.
- "Marriages". The Times (36073). London. 23 February 1900. p. 1.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Joseph Ruston
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
John Hinde Palmer
|Member of Parliament for Lincoln
1884 – 1886
With: Charles Seely to 1885
Frederick Harold Kerans