Joseph S. Frelinghuysen Sr.

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This article is about the U.S. Senator. For his son, see Joseph Sherman Frelinghuysen Jr.
Joseph S. Frelinghuysen Sr.
Joseph Sherman Frelinghuysen Sr.jpg
United States Senator
from New Jersey
In office
March 4, 1917 – March 3, 1923
Preceded by James E. Martine
Succeeded by Edward I. Edwards
Personal details
Born (1869-03-12)March 12, 1869
Raritan, New Jersey
Died February 8, 1948(1948-02-08) (aged 78)
Tucson, Arizona
Resting place Saint Bernards Cemetery
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Emily Macy Brewster
Children Victoria F. Bates
Emily F. McFarland
Joseph S. Frelinghuysen Jr.
Parents Frederick Frelinghuysen
Victoria Sherman

Joseph Sherman Frelinghuysen Sr. (March 12, 1869 – February 8, 1948) represented New Jersey as a Republican in the United States Senate from 1917 to 1923.

Early life and family[edit]

He was born in Raritan, New Jersey, on March 12, 1869 to Frederick Frelinghuysen (1818-1891) and Victoria Bowen (1830-1914). His father was a lawyer who studied under Richard Stockton Field.[1] He came from a historic New Jersey political family. His paternal grandparents were John Frederick Frelinghuysen (1776–1833), a lawyer and brigadier general in the War of 1812, and his second wife, Elizabeth Mercereau Van Vechten. His great-grandparents were Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen (1753-1804), lawyer, soldier, and Senator from New Jersey, and his first wife, Gertrude Schenck (1752/53-1794).

Career[edit]

After fighting in the Spanish–American War and starting an insurance business, Frelinghuysen was elected to the state Senate in 1905 and became president of that body in 1909. He held several statewide offices before being elected to the U.S. Senate in 1916. He was New Jersey's first directly elected senator following ratification of the 17th Amendment to the Constitution in 1913. While in the Senate, he frequented the Chevy Chase Club and would often golf with his fellow Senators Warren G. Harding, Stephen B. Elkins, and Eugene Hale.[1]

In 1921, President Warren G. Harding signed the Knox–Porter Resolution, officially ending America's involvement in World War I at Frelinghuysen's estate in Raritan, New Jersey.[2] The President stayed on the estate until at least July 4.[3] After a failed reelection bid in 1922, Frelinghuysen returned to the insurance business.

In 1938, after considering a run for one of the United State Senate seats in New Jersey,[4] Frelinghuysen declined to run. Instead, he put his support behind fellow Republican, former Senator W. Warren Barbour, for the Republican nomination.[5] Barbour eventually won the Senate seat and served until his death in 1943.[6]

Personal life[edit]

Frelinghuysen married Emily Macy Brewster (1881-1967) who was born in Rochester, New York.[7] Together they had three children:

His wife's portrait and that of Joseph Jr, were painted in 1916 by the Swiss-born American artist Adolfo Müller-Ury; it is today in the Newark Museum, New Jersey. Frelinghuysen owned an 88-foot houseboat called Victoria that Harding used for 12 days after he won the 1920 election for President, but before he was inaugurated in March 1921.[1]

He died on February 8, 1948 in Tucson, Arizona, and was interred at St. Bernard's Cemetery in Bernardsville, New Jersey.

Legacy[edit]

Memorial plaque marking Frelinghuysen estate site and signing of the Knox–Porter resolution on July 2, 1921.

A memorial plaque was placed on the estate grounds commemorating the Knox–Porter Resolution officially ending America's involvement in World War I. Today the estate is long gone and suburban sprawl has replaced it with mini-malls. The marker remains in a patch of grass near a Burger King parking lot along Route 28, just north of the Somerville traffic circle.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Hess, Stephen (2016). America's Political Dynasties: From Adams to Clinton. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press. p. 800. ISBN 9780815727101. Retrieved 13 April 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "Historic Sites". Somerset County Business Partnership. Archived from the original on March 29, 2008. Retrieved July 2, 2008. In 1921, President Warren G. Harding, visiting the estate of his friend, Sen. Joseph S. Frelinghuysen, in Raritan, finished his golf game, returned to the mansion, and signed the Knox–Porter Resolution, officially ending World War I. 
  3. ^ "Spends Afternoon Reading Newspapers on Senator Frelinghuysen's Front Porch.". New York Times. July 4, 1921. Retrieved July 1, 2008. President Harding attended church today and with the exception of a short automobile ride with Mrs. Harding through the hills of Somerset County, spent the rest of the day at " The Hill," home of Senator Joseph S. Frelinghuysen. 
  4. ^ "Frelinghuysen Race Hinted". timesmachine.nytimes.com. The New York Times. June 8, 1938. Retrieved 13 April 2016. 
  5. ^ "Frelinghuysen Declines to Run". timesmachine.nytimes.com. The New York Times. June 17, 1938. Retrieved 13 April 2016. 
  6. ^ Barbour, Our Families 1 p. Barbour-22; excluding statistics re. 1932 election
  7. ^ Hartong, Dave. "Emily Macy Brewster Frelinghuysen". www.findagrave.com. Find A Grave Memorial. Retrieved 13 April 2016. 
  8. ^ "Married". Time. September 17, 1928. Retrieved May 14, 2007. Victoria Frelinghuysen, daughter of onetime Senator Joseph S. Frelinghuysen of Manhattan and Far Hills, N. J., whose family included four Senators, whose great-great-grandfather served on Washington's staff and was a member of the Continental Congress; to John Grenville Bates Jr., member New York Stock Exchange; in Bernardsville, N. J. 
  9. ^ "Paid Notice: Deaths MCFARLAND, EMILY FRELINGHUYSEN BILKEY". The New York Times. December 14, 2006. Retrieved 13 April 2016. 
  10. ^ "Emily Frelinghuysen, 93, resident of Far Hills". New Jersey Hills. December 29, 2004. Retrieved 13 April 2016. 
  11. ^ "FRELINGHUYSEN, EMILY LAWRANCE". The New York Times. December 26, 2004. Retrieved 7 April 2016. 
  12. ^ Staff (April 5, 1910). "MISS DIX TO BE A BRIDE. Daughter of Late Rector of Trinity to Wed Charles Lanier Lawrance.". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 April 2016. 

External links[edit]

United States Senate
Preceded by
James E. Martine
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from New Jersey
1917–1923
Succeeded by
Edward I. Edwards
Political offices
Preceded by
Samuel K. Robbins
President of the New Jersey Senate
1909–1910
Succeeded by
Ernest R. Ackerman
Party political offices
Preceded by
John Kean
Republican Nominee for the U.S. Senate (Class 1) from New Jersey
1916, 1922
Succeeded by
Hamilton F. Kean