Joseph Sabine (British Army officer)

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Joseph Sabine
Born 1661
Died 24 October 1739
Allegiance  Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branch British Army
Rank General
Battles/wars Nine Years' War
War of Spanish Succession
Jacobite Rebellion

General Joseph Sabine (c. 1661 – 24 October 1739) was a British general and Member of Parliament.

Military career[edit]

Sabine was commissioned into Ingoldsby's Regiment of Foot (later the Royal Welch Fusiliers) in 1689.[1] He transferred to Charles Herbert's Regiment in 1691.[1]

In 1695, during the Nine Years' War, he fought at the Siege of Namur.[1]

He subsequently served in Flanders throughout the War of Spanish Succession, commanding his Regiment at the Battle of Blenheim in 1704, at the Battle of Oudenarde in 1708 and then at the Siege of Lille later that year.[1]

He was given command of the Citadel at Ghent where he had to put down a mutiny in 1712.[1] Then in 1716 he commanded a Brigade sent to confront the Pretender's Army at Perth.[1] Later that year he became Commander of the British Army throughout Scotland.[1]

In 1719 he was appointed Governor of Berwick and of Holy Island,[1] He entered Parliament in 1727 as member for Berwick-upon-Tweed, representing that constituency until 1734.[1] He was promoted to General in 1730, and was subsequently appointed Governor of Gibraltar; he died there on 24 October 1739.[1]

His portrait, engraved by Faber in 1742, was painted by Godfrey Kneller in 1711.[2]


In 1690 he married Hester, daughter of Henry Whitfield, who, after having three sons who all died young, herself died at the age of 24. In 1711 he married Margaretta Newsham.


Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
William Kerr
Henry Grey
Member of Parliament for Berwick-upon-Tweed
With: George Liddell
Succeeded by
George Liddell
Lord Polwarth
Government offices
Preceded by
Jasper Clayton
Governor of Gibraltar
Succeeded by
Francis Columbine