Salerno has published over 50 scholarly articles and books and is the editor of the Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics. He is a recognized expert on monetary theory and policy, international monetary reform, and Austrian economics and has testified before the United States Congress on the topics of inflation and of reserve fractional reserve banking.
He has also published numerous op-eds online at mises.org, forbes.com, Christian Science Monitor.com, Wall Street Oasis.com, and Economic Policy journal.com. He is frequently interviewed on broadcast and online radio programs including Bloomberg Radio and has appeared on CSPAN, Fox News, and the Fox Business Networis. Salerno's theories have been explicated by Israel Kirzner in a survey of Austrian thought on entrepreneurship.