Joseph Schmid

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Joseph Schmid
Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-533-0001-17, Reichsgebiet, Inspektion von Luftwaffensoldaten.jpg
Born (1901-09-24)24 September 1901
Göggingen
Died 30 August 1956(1956-08-30) (aged 54)
Augsburg
Allegiance  Weimar Republic
 Nazi Germany
Service/branch Balkenkreuz (Iron Cross) Luftwaffe
Years of service 1924–45
Rank Generalleutnant
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Joseph Schmid Born 24 September 1901, Died 30 August 1956, was a German General serving in the Luftwaffe during World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, awarded by Nazi Germany for successful military leadership.

Career[edit]

A close friend of Hermann Göring, Schmid commanded the Luftwaffe's Military Intelligence Branch (Abteilung 5 as Chief IC) from 1 January 1938 to 9 November 1942. Adolf Galland later criticized Schmid for doing nothing to upgrade the low quality of the intelligence service. In late 1942 he was put in charge of Division "General Göring" in Tunisia, known as Kampfgruppe Schmid. On personal orders from Göring, Schmid was flown out of the Tunisian pocket. Promoted to Generalmajor on 1 February 1943 and Generalleutnant on 1 July 1944 he was given command of the 1st Fighter Corps (15 September 1943 – 15 November 1944).[1] He was made commander of the Luftwaffenkommando West, formerly Luftflotte 3 on 23 November 1944. His leadership qualities were disputed to the end of the war, while Antony Beevor called him the "most disastrous intelligence officer the Wehrmacht ever produced".[2] Schmid commanded the German forces involved in Operation Bodenplatte on 1 January 1945. The German units charged with the Defense of the Reich fought under his leadership.[3]

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Mitcham 2007, p. 107.
  2. ^ Beevor 2016, p. 90.
  3. ^ Obermaier 1989, p. 197.
  4. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 668.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Beevor, Antony (2016). Ardennes 1944. London: Penguin. ISBN 9780241975152. 
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Mitcham, Samuel W. (2007). Eagles of the Third Reich: Men of the Luftwaffe in World War II. Stackpole Books. ISBN 0-8117-3405-6.
  • Obermaier, Ernst (1989). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939 – 1945 [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Luftwaffe Fighter Force 1939 – 1945] (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann. ISBN 978-3-87341-065-7. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
Military offices
Preceded by
none
Commander of 1. Jagdkorps
15 September 1943 – 30 November 1944
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Joachim-Friedrich Huth