13 September 1797|
|Died||7 December 1830
|Known for||Landscape painting|
|Movement||Norwich School of painters|
Joseph Stannard (13 September 1797 – 7 December 1830) was an English marine and landscape painter and etcher. He was a talented and prominent member of the Norwich School of painters.
After attending Norwich Grammar School his parents paid for him to be trained as an artist by Robert Ladbrooke, one of the founding members of the Norwich Society of Artists. During Stannard’s working life as an artist he exhibited in both Norwich and London, with some success. In 1816 he seceded from the Norwich Society of Artists to join a rival society in the city, which lasted a few years. As an painter he was influenced by the work of earlier Dutch masters, whose works he studied and copied following a visit to Holland in 1821. His own most important work is Thorpe Water Frolic, Afternoon, which was first exhibited in 1825. In 1827 a collection of his etchings were published in a volume entitled Norfolk Etchings.
In 1826 he married the artist Emily Coppin. Their daughter Emily Stannard and several other members of his family were also talented artists.
He suffered from poor health during most of his short life and died in 1830, from tuberculosis.
Stannard was born in Norwich on 13 September 1797. He attended Norwich Grammar School as a boy, and his early artistic talents encouraged his parents to ask the prominent landscape artist John Crome to take on their son as a pupil. When Crome's fees proved to be to high for the Stannards to afford, they paid instead for another local man, Robert Ladbrooke, to apprentice their son. One of Stannard's paintings was exhibited at the Norwich Society of Artists as early as 1811 (when he was a boy of 14), and there was a positive review of his work in The Norwich Mercury in August 1818, when Stannard was a young man of twenty-one.
In 1826 Stannard married his fellow artist Emily Coppin. Emily Coppin Stannard was a notable painter of fruit, flowers and still-life, receiving three gold medals from the Norwich Society of Arts and continued to paint for fifty years after her husband's death. Their daughter Emily Stannard was also an artist, as were his brother Alfred Stannard (1806–89) and their niece Eloise Harriet Stannard (1829–1915).
Stannard contracted tuberculosis and suffered from poor health for much of his later life. Friends and relatives rallied to support him to recuperate at the sea-side resort of Great Yarmouth, where he painted Yarmouth Beach and Jetty.
According to the author Josephine Walpole, Joseph Stannard was one of the most important members of the Norwich School of Artists.
In 1816, Stannard was one of several artists that included his old master Robert Ladbrooke and his sons, James Sillett and John Thirtle, who seceded from the Norwich Society of Artists to form their own society. Led by Ladbrooke, seven members of the Norwich Society opened an exhibition entitled 'The Twelfth of the Norfolk and Norwich Society of Artists', which was held in the Shakespeare Tavern, on Theatre Plain.
Stannard made connections with Norwich's Theatre Royale 1819-20 and his work was included a Scene in a Norwich Ale-house, which depicted several well-known colourful characters living in the city at that time. In 1819 he exhibited in London.
He painted chiefly river and coastal landscapes, influenced by the work of earlier Dutch artists, whose works he studied and copied during a visit to Holland in 1821. The following year he exhibited The Ferry, from a celebrated picture of Berchem in the Musee des Tableaux, Amsterdam. This visit to the Netherlands contributed to him developing a new oil technique and deepening his interest in marine subjects.
Between 1820 and 1829, Stannard exhibited works at the Royal Academy and the British Institution in London, but by 1823 he was suffering financially, a situation that was alleviated temporarily by the patronage of the Norwich manufacturer and entrepreneur John Harvey, who commissioned Stannard to paint his masterwork, Thorpe Water Frolic, Afternoon. First exhibited in 1825, the painting is a large oil-on-canvas work (108 x 172 cm) which depicts a civic regatta attended by almost 20,000 spectators (at a time when the population of Norwich was approximately 50,000). The Frolic was organised by John Harvey, who aspired to promote the city as an international port.
In 1827 a collection of his etchings were published in a volume entitled Norfolk Etchings.
- Lee, Sidney, ed. (1898). "Stannard, Joseph". Dictionary of National Biography. 54. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 85.
- Walpole, Art and Artists of the Norwich School, p.53.
- Gray, Dictionary of British Women Artists, p.249.
- Walpole, Art and Artists of the Norwich School, p.53.
- Walpole, Art and Artists of the Norwich School, p.25-6.
- Dickes, The Norwich School of Painting, p.103
- Cundall, The Norwich School, p.31
- Walpole, Art and Artists of the Norfolk School, p.157.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Stannard, Joseph". Encyclopædia Britannica. 25 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 782.
- Cundall, Herbert Minton (1920). The Norwich School. London: The Studio Ltd.
- Dickes, William Frederick (1905). The Norwich school of painting: being a full account of the Norwich exhibitions, the lives of the painters, the lists of their respecitve exhibits and descriptions of the pictures. Norwich: Jarrold & Sons Ltd.
- Gray, Sara (2009). The Dictionary of British Women Artists. Cambridge: The Lutterworth Press.
- Walpole, Josephine (1997). Art and Artists of the Norwich School. Woodbridge: Antique Collectors' Club. ISBN 1-85149-261-5.
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