Joseph Tsang Mang Kin

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Joseph Tsang Mang Kin, 曾繁興
Born Joseph Tsang Mang Kin
(1938-03-12) 12 March 1938 (age 79)
Port-Louis, Mauritius
Occupation Panel Member of Eminent Persons – APRM African Union, Writer
Nationality Mauritian
Citizenship Mauritian
Education Royal College of Port-Louis, University of London, Graduate Institute for International Studies, Geneva
Genre Poetry, Essays, History, Plays, Biography
Subject Philosophy, History, Biography, Politics
Notable works "Hakka Epic", "Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam, the Rare Diplomat", "Les Heritiers de la Franc-Maconnerie Egyptienne de Memphis-Misraim", "Entering the Chinese Mind and other Sonnets", "La Langue Francaise et les Mauriciens", "Poesies - Legendaire, Seduire la Mort, Instantanes, Vies Multiples"
Notable awards Prix Poesie France-Ile Maurice, Chevalier de l'Ordre du Lion, Senegal, Palmes Academiques France, Grand Officer of the Order of the Star and Key - GOSK, Brilliance of China, 2013
Children Oswald, Sabrina, Deborah

Joseph Tsang Mang Kin [ Civil status name : Tsang Fan Hin Tsang Mang Kin] born 12 March 1938, is a Mauritian poet, political scientist, philosopher and biographer. A former diplomat and ex-politician; Secretary General of the Mauritius Labor Party, Member of the Parliament[1] and Minister of Arts and Culture,[2] he currently operates as a panel member of the African Peer Review Mechanism, African Union.[3][4]

Fond of poetry, history and philosophy and writing in both French and English, he has produced hundreds of sonnets, essays, plays on topics related to the history of Mauritius, slavery and religion in the Indian Ocean, Mauritius diplomacy, Mauritian literature, the Francophonie, the first centuries of Christianity, the people and the Hakka culture, Chinese philosophy, especially Taoism, French and Egyptian freemasonry and the cultural divide between China and the West.

He is married, with three adult children and four grandchildren.

Early life[edit]

Joseph Tsang Mang Kin was born 12 March 1938, in Chinatown, Port-Louis, Mauritius, as the second child of the family. Willy Tsang Mang Kin, his father, born in 1910, is a Chinese, namely Hakka, immigrant from Moyen, Canton, who settled in Mauritius in 1932, at age 22, and his mother, Solange Atuchen (Wong Sen Siou), was born at Mount Estate, Pamplemousses, Mauritius in 1920. In 1940, Pierre-Michel Tsang Mang Kin, Joseph's only senior, died at age 3, giving Joseph seniority over the upcoming 11 brothers and sisters.

↵Joseph Tsang Mang Kin was brought up in a totally Hakka environment and attended the Chinese Middle School in China Town, Port-Louis, Mauritius, from 1942 to 1946. In 1947, he attended l'Ecole des Cassis, government public school in Port-Louis up to 1949. In January 1950, he was admitted to the Royal College Port-Louis (Mauritius) which he left in 1956, after obtaining his Higher School Certificate.

Raised and educated in the Mauritian capital, Port-Louis, Joseph started dabbling in poetry as a teenager at age 14, composing his first sonnet in 1952,[5] entitled: " Ode to Inspiration", followed by several compilations which he later published, generally orbiting around Philosophy.

Teaching career[edit]

In 1957, at age 18, he began working as a Reporter in the Chinese Daily News, teaching at the Bhujoharry College and the St Andrew's School, while studying in parallel for his B.A (honors) in English and French from the University of London, subsequently graduating in 1960. In 1961, he married Marie Reine Yuen, and had three children  : Oswald, Sabrina and Deborah. From 1962 to 1967, he continued his teaching career at the Royal College of Port-Louis.

Diplomatic career[edit]

After training as a diplomat at the Graduate Institute of International Studies (HEI) in Geneva, Switzerland, with a fellowship from the Carnegie Endowment fellowship for training in diplomacy, he was chosen by Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam and sent to Paris to establish the Mauritian Embassy in August 1968, as the Second Secretary of the Ambassador.

In September 1972, he went to Brussels to found another Mauritian Embassy, serving as the First Secretary, and eventually, First Counselor where he participated in negotiations leading up to the signature of Lome I and the Sugar Protocol.

In March 1977, he went back to the Ministry of External Affairs as Minister Counselor and head of the International Division up to 1983.

International civil servant[edit]

In December 1983, he was appointed Deputy Director of the Commonwealth Foundation in London,[6][7] where he stayed until 1990. He launched a series of new projects relating to the strengthening and networking of professional associations in the Commonwealth. He then set up Commonwealth Liaison Units in each and every Commonwealth country to group and network local Non-Governmental Organisations to better address issues of direct interest to them at both local, regional and Commonwealth levels. He launched new projects like the Commonwealth Writers' Prize, the Arts and Crafts Prize and form part of the panel of the Commonwealth Poetry Prize.

Political career[edit]

After retiring from Civil Service in 1991, he begins his political career as the Secretary General of the Mauritius Labor Party from 1991 to 1996, and after being elected in December 1995 as a Deputy for the Mauritius Labor Party, he eventually occupies the post of Minister of Arts, Culture and Leisure, Minister of Public Service, and Minister of Arts and Culture over the course of his 5-year mandate up to September 2000.

He left the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1991 to join the Mauritius Labour Party and became its Secretary General from 1991 to 2000. He was elected Member of the Parliament in the constituency no.2, Port Louis, and was appointed Minister of Arts and Culture in 1995, where he set up the National Library, the National Gallery of Art, the Museum of History Maurice, [8] and the Nelson Mandela Centre for African Culture.

He established a dozen CLAC, Centre de Lecture et d'Activities Culturelles in Mauritius and in Rodrigues. He also put up the Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam statue on the Port-Louis waterfront. He set up the Mahebourg Open Air Theatre at Pointe Canon, Mahebourg, and the Serge Constantin Theatre in Vacoas. He also established strategic links with France, Britain, India and South Africa to create a film industry in Mauritius, and encouraged using Mauritius as a film-making center.

He introduced the celebration of the Music Day and the Creators and Performers Day. He renovated the paintings of Liuk Chey Sin, founder of Chinese Presence in Mauriitus and builder of Kwan Tee pagoda, and of Affan Tankwen, first and second leaders of the Chinese Community.

Conferences and literary activities[edit]

He participated in forums in Canada Europe, Africa (Lesotho, Zambia) and Asia (Malaysia) and the islands of the Indian Ocean on the diaspora, slavery, Chinese culture and transcultural. He has just completed a series of Thematic timelines on the Social and Political History of Mauritius, in the Dutch, French and British Slavery and Religion and Chinese. It complements a Chronology of the Mauritian Literature. His poem compilation, Le Grant Chant Hakka was reconstructed in English; The Hakka Epic and translated into Chinese, 客家人之歌. He recently completed a history of the English and French Freemasonry in the islands of the Indian Ocean – Mauritius, Reunion, Madagascar and the Seychelles.

In 1973, he founded, with ambassador Raymond Chasle and poet Jean-Claude d'Avoine, l'Etoile et la Clef, Revue de Poesie et de Literature.[9]

In October 1976, he was a speaker at a conference on the theme Langues et Nation, organised by l'Institut supérieur de traducteurs et interprètes[10]

In December 2000, he was the keynote speaker in the Hakka Conference, Toronto 2000, Vari Hall, York University.[11][12]

In May 2004, he was a speaker at the Université de la Réunion on the occasion of the International year commemorating the fight against slavery and for its abolition: Memoire Orale et Esclavage.[13]

In January 2008, he was a speaker at the Investing in Cultural Diversity and Intercultural Dialogue organised by UNESCOCAT, Centre UNESCO de Catalunya, Barcelona.[14]

In April 2009, he was appointed consultant for the Hakka Diaspora Encyclopedia by the Hakka Commission in Zhangzhou, China.

From April 2009 to April 2011, he was appointed Visiting Professor[15] at the Hakka Institute of Jia Ying University in Meixian, Guangzhou.

In 2011, he was appointed Overseas Representative of the Zeng clan for the inauguration of the Hakka Memorial in Fangcheng[disambiguation needed], China, marking the homeland of the Zeng clan before their migration to Shangdong.[16]

An essayist and poet writing in both English and French has produced numerous papers on a wide range of subjects including the cultural divide between est and West, the Chinese psyche, diasporas, slavery, colonization, world affairs, freemasonry. He regularly participates in forums including UNESCO, the Commonwealth and Universities in Canada, Reunion Island, China, Mauritius.

Business and enterprise[edit]

In 2004, he becomes the Chairman of the King Group, a group of companies including London Satellite Systems, Mont Choisy Hotel and Fast Shipping (Evergreen).

He also is the Chairman of RedSat Holding Ltd.

From 2007 to 2010, he was the director of the Film Investment Managers of Indian Film Company.

From 2005, he is the Chairman of CNAM-Maurice, Conservatoire National des Arts et Metiers.

In 2004, he became the Chairman of the King Group.


He was also elected, in 2013, as a member of the panel of the African Peer Review Mechanism for the African Union, and currently operates as so.

Other activities[edit]

Since 2006, he is a Smart Partner of the Commonwealth Partnership for Technology Management, CPTM. He is also a member of its International Advisory Council.

In 2011, he was the Vice-President of the Mauritian Writers' Association.

From 2012 to 2013, he was the Chairman of the Guan Di Association.

On 26 January 2013, he was appointed member of the panel of Eminent Personalities of the African Peer Review Mechanism, African Union.

Literary achievements[edit]


Year Genre Title ISBN
1959 Poetry Paupieres Vitales
1962 Poetry Poesies : Legendaire, Seduire la Mort, Instantanes, Vie Multiple
1970 Play Le Capitaine
1975 Poetry Paroles a l'Heure Heliaque, Au lieu du Centre, Exode et Le Point s'aligne in l'Etoile et la Clef
1989 Essay Mauritian Missions Abroad – What for?
1991 Report Projet de Creation de l'Universite de l'Ocean Indien [ Avec Reynald Lamy ]
1991 Essay Francophonie Mauricienne
1993 Translation Freemasonry – A European Viewpoint [La Franc-maconnerie by Paul Naudon] 0-7104-5004-4
1996 Poetry Le Grand Chant Hakka [ Meaning : The Great Hakka Song ]
2000 Biography Log Choisanne, Fondateur de la Pagode Kwan Tee (1796–1874)
2002 Poetry The Hakka Epic in Chinese, 客家人之歌 99903-41-28-1
2003 Poetry The Hakka Epic, First Edition 99903-974-0-6
2005 Essay L'Heritage d'Hermes, Les Rites Egyptiens de Memphis-Misraim
2005 Biography Tooblall Hawoldar, Heritiers de la Sagesse venue des Pentes de l'Himalaya (1918–2004)
2008 History Les Heritiers de la Franc-Maconnerie Egyptienne de Memphis-Misraim [ Meaning : The Heirs of the Egyptian Freemasonry of Memphis-Misraim ] 978-99903-66-27-3
2008 Poetry Entering the Chinese Mind 978-0-9554402-1-2
2008 Essay Hakka and Huaren Destiny 978-99903-994-6-2
2009 Biography Destins Croises, Parcours aupres de Raymond Chasle, Poete et Diplomate [ Meaning : Crossroads, Trip alongside Raymond Chasle, Poet and Diplomat ] 978-99903-0-592-0
2010 Poetry Stopovers in a Poet's World 978-99903-9-746-8
2010 Biography Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam, The Rare Diplomat[18] 978-99903-0-626-2
2011 Poetry The Hakka Epic, Second Edition 978-99903-22-39-2
2012 Poetry The Hakka Epic, Second Edition, in Chinese, 客家史诗 978-99903-22-53-8




  1. ^ "Election Results". Retrieved 2014-01-31. 
  2. ^ "Govt Ministers 95-00 :: Maurinet – Mauritius Island Online". Maurinet. Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
  3. ^ "Mauritius Embassy Addis Ababa". Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
  4. ^ "Launch of the commemoration of the APRM 10TH anniversary | African Peer Review Mechanism". Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
  5. ^ Royal College School Magazine, 1957, p. 24, by Georges Telescourt
  6. ^ "Joseph Tsang Mang Kin à la Commonwealth Foundation" (in French). 7 October 2011. Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
  7. ^ "J. Tsang Mang Kin, directeur de la "Commonwealth Foundation" (in French). 7 October 2011. Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
  8. ^ Frederick Hendrick Museum opened on the 27 May 1999 by Joseph Tsang Mang Kin
  9. ^ "Analyse – Le dynamisme littéraire à Maurice : Leurre ou lueur ?". Africultures. Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
  10. ^ Equivalences, Langues et Nation,1977, revue de l'Institut Superieur de l'Etat de Traducteurs et Interpretes de Bruxelles. Numero 2–3, 1977. p. 63 – p. 82
  11. ^ Toronto Hakka Conference, December 2004
  12. ^ "Toronto Hakka Conference". 27 August 2005. Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
  13. ^ Cultures citadines dans l'océan Indien occidental (XVIIIe – XXIe sičcles ... – Google Books. Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
  14. ^ "Investir dans la diversite culturelle le dialogue interculturel ra". 14 July 2011. Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
  15. ^ "Blog – MCC Maurice". Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
  16. ^ 3rd World Chinese Conference Magazine, Mauritius, 6–9 September 2012, p. 2
  17. ^ In 2013, he won the Brilliance of China award.
  18. ^ "À LA NATIONAL LIBRAIRY: Exposition sur la vie et l’œuvre de SSR". Le Mauricien. 14 September 2011. Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
  19. ^ "Décret du 31 décembre 2008 portant promotion et nomination". JORF. 2009 (1): 15. 1 January 2009. PREX0828237D. Retrieved 5 April 2009. 
  20. ^ "Comité Consultatif Historique". Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
  21. ^ Noë, Marcel Lindsay (22 January 2013). "Joseph Tsang Mang Kin: Brilliance of China et Fierté de Maurice". Le Mauricien. 
  22. ^ "YouTube". YouTube. Retrieved 2 September 2013.