Joseph Wijnkoop

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Joseph Wijnkoop
Born Joseph David Wijnkoop
14 August 1842
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Died 1 October 1910
Residence Amsterdam
Nationality Dutch
Occupation Rabbi, lecturer
Religion Jewish
Spouse(s) Dientje Nijburg
Children David Wijnkoop

Joseph David Wijnkoop (Amsterdam, 14 August 1842 - Amsterdam, 1 October 1910) was a Dutch rabbi and scholar in Jewish studies. He was a pupil of the rabbi Jacob Content. Among the Jews of Amsterdam, he was known and respected for his liberal and practical ideas.[1]


Wijnkoop was born in a family of small retailers. He studied at the Dutch Israelite Seminary, a religious school related to the Ashkenazi Jews. He also studied Classical language at the University of Amsterdam. Wijnkoop was the first trainee rabbi who did both academical courses, before is became mandatory. In 1870, he finished his studies at the Jewish Seminary and was rewarded the "Moré-diploma", the highest degree available.[2]

Later in 1870 he was appointed rabbi at the Nederlands-Israëlietische Hoofdsynagoge, the Ashkenazi-Jewish community of Amsterdam.[3] He was the successor of rabbi Joseph Tsewie Hirsch. From 1901, he was also lecturer in the New-Hebrew at the University of Amsterdam.[4][5]

In 1902, Wijnkoop was also appointed as Chief Rabbi of Amersfoort.[6] He resigned this post in 1904, because it was incompatible with his work as rabbi in Amsterdam. Due to his very bad relationship with the chief rabbi of Amsterdam Joseph Hirsch Dünner, it is likely that he forced Wijnkoop out of this post.[7][8]

Another position he held was that of board member of the Etz Chaim of Beth Hamidrasch.[9]

In 1902, Wijnkoop was named as Knight in the Order of Orange-Nassau.[10]

Joseph Wijnkoop died in 1910, aged 68.[11]


Wijnkoop has written several books, including commentaries on Bible books:

  • Handleiding tot de kennis der Hebreeuwsche taal ; 1888-1901, two volumes[12] First volume also translated in English: Manual of Hebrew Syntax by Rev. J. D. Wijnkoop, Translated from the Dutsoh by Rev. Dr. C. van den Biesen, prof. of Theology at St. Joseph's Foreign Missionary College, Mill-Hill.[13]
  • Beknopt leerboek der Hebreeuwsche taal voor eerstbeginnenden, 1891[14]
  • Eenige opmerkingen naar aanleiding der profetie van Hosea; 1907[15]


Wijnkoop was married with Amalia (Dientje/Milia) Nijburg.[16] They got four children, two sons and two daughters, including David Wijnkoop.[17]


  1. ^ Koejemans, A.J. (1967). David Wijnkoop, een mens in de strijd voor het socialisme (in Dutch). Amsterdam: Moussault's Uitgeverij NV. p. 34. 
  2. ^ (Dutch) Joseph David Wijnkoop
  3. ^ "Binnenland - Amsterdam". Nieuw Israelietisch weekblad (in Dutch). 1870-12-23. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  4. ^ (Dutch) Joseph David Wijnkoop
  5. ^ "Binnenland". Nieuw Israelietisch weekblad (in Dutch). 1904-07-22. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  6. ^ (Dutch) Plechtige installatie van den Weleerwaarden Zeer Geleerden Heer J.D. Wijnkoop
  7. ^ (Dutch) Joseph David Wijnkoop
  8. ^ Koejemans, A.J. (1967). David Wijnkoop, een mens in de strijd voor het socialisme (in Dutch). Amsterdam: Moussault's Uitgeverij NV. p. 30. 
  9. ^ (Dutch) Joseph David Wijnkoop
  10. ^ "Binnenland - Amsterdam". Nieuw Israelietisch weekblad (in Dutch). 5-9-1902. Retrieved 21 January 2012.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  11. ^ "Stadsnieuws - J.D. Wijnkoop". Nieuw Israelietisch weekblad (in Dutch). 4-10-1910. Retrieved 21 January 2012.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  12. ^ Royal Library
  13. ^ "Boekaankondiging". Nieuw Israelietisch weekblad (in Dutch). 1901-11-22. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  14. ^ (Dutch) Joseph David Wijnkoop
  15. ^ (Dutch) Joseph David Wijnkoop
  16. ^ "Advertisement". Nieuw Israelietisch weekblad (in Dutch). 1873-11-28. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  17. ^ (Dutch) Wijnkoop, Joseph David 1842 - 1910