Joseph Winston

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Joseph Winston
Col. Joseph Winston.jpeg
Joseph Winston
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from North Carolina's 12th district
In office
Preceded byseat established
Succeeded byMeshack Franklin
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from North Carolina's 3rd district
In office
Preceded byJohn Ashe
Succeeded byJesse Franklin
Personal details
Born(1746-06-17)June 17, 1746
Louisa County, Virginia Colony, British America
DiedApril 21, 1815(1815-04-21) (aged 68)
Germanton, North Carolina, U.S.
Military career
Guilford Courthouse National Military Park
AllegianceUnited States of America
Service/branchNorth Carolina militia
Years of service1775-1783
RankLieutenant Colonel
UnitSurry County Regiment

Lieutenant Colonel Joseph Winston[1] (June 17, 1746 – April 21, 1815) was an American pioneer, politician and American Revolutionary War hero from Surry County, North Carolina, and the first cousin of statesman and Virginia governor Patrick Henry. He also served in the United States House of Representatives and North Carolina Senate.[2] In 1766, Winston moved to the northern part of Rowan County, North Carolina, the area which subsequently became the current Stokes County, North Carolina.

Early life[edit]

Joseph Winston was born on June 17, 1746, in Louisa County in the Colony of Virginia. His ancestors emigrated to the American colonies from Yorkshire, England, in the 17th century. His father was Samuel Winston. In his youth, he fought with the Virginia militia against border Indians in 1763 before moving to the Province of North Carolina in the late 1760s. He settled on the Town Fork of the Dan River in what was Surry County and later became Stokes County, North Carolina.[3]


Before the war, he was elected a delegate to the North Carolina Provincial Congress in Hillsborough. He was a member of the Surry County Committee of Safety. In 1775, he was selected as a delegate from Surry County to the North Carolina Provincial Congress in Halifax in April 1776. He was the entry taker (register of deeds) for Surry County in 1778, where he assisted the Moravians in their Wachovia settlement.[3]

During the American Revolutionary War, he was a 2nd major and 1st major in the Surry County Regiment of the North Carolina militia, leading a unit of riflemen in several important battles, including the Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge, Battle of Kings Mountain and the Battle of Guilford Court House.[4][3]

Winston later represented North Carolina as a U.S. Congressman and also served in the North Carolina Senate (1787-1789).[3]

Winston owned slaves.[5]


Monument to Major Joseph Winston, Guilford Courthouse National Military Park

He is buried in the National Park at the site of the Battle of Guilford Court House, where a monument erected in 1893 notes Major Winston's command of the militia forces.[6] The town of Winston, North Carolina (which later became part of Winston-Salem), is named for him.[7]

  • United States Congress. "Joseph Winston (id: W000642)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.


  1. ^ He held the ranks 1st Major, 2nd Major and Lt Col in the Surry County Regiment. See #Lewis for details, A DAR Chapter was named the Colonel Joseph Winston Chapter. "Colonel Joseph Winston History". Archived from the original on July 27, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2010.
  2. ^ Winston-Salem: A History, Frank Tursi, Published by John F. Blair, 1994 ISBN 0-89587-115-7
  3. ^ a b c d Hendricks, J. Edwin (1996). "Joseph Winston". NCPedia. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
  4. ^ Lewis, J.D. "Major Joseph Winston". Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  5. ^ Weil, Julie Zauzmer; Blanco, Adrian; Dominguez, Leo. "More than 1,800 congressmen once enslaved Black people. This is who they were, and how they shaped the nation". Washington Post. Retrieved February 20, 2023.
  6. ^ A Memorial Volume of the Guilford Battle Ground Company, Organized May 6, 1887, at Greensboro, N.C.,
  7. ^ "Statue of Joseph Winston, Monument, Guilford Courthouse, National Park Service".
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from North Carolina's 3rd congressional district

Succeeded by
Preceded by
District created
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from North Carolina's 12th congressional district

Succeeded by