|Born||Mary Josephine Sherwood
January 3, 1877
Newtonville, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Died||March 12, 1957
The Bronx, New York, U.S.
|Alma mater||Radcliffe College|
|Spouse(s)||Shelly Hull (1910-1919) (his death)|
Josephine Hull (January 3, 1877 - March 12, 1957) was an American stage and film actress who also was a director of plays. She had a successful 50-year career on stage while taking some of her better known roles to film. She won an Oscar for Best Supporting Actress in Harvey, a role she originally played on the Broadway stage.
Hull was born as Josephine Sherwood in Newtonville, Massachusetts to William H. Sherwood and Mary Elizabeth Tewkesbury. She attended the New England Conservatory of Music (Boston) and Radcliffe College, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Hull was born on January 3, 1877, though she later represented herself as having been born later than she was.
Hull made her stage debut in stock in 1905, and after some years as a chorus girl and touring stock player, she married actor Shelly Hull (the elder brother of actor Henry Hull) in 1910. After her husband's death as a young man, the actress retired until 1923, when she returned under the name Josephine Hull. She and Shelly Hull had had no children.
Josephine Hull had her first major stage success in George Kelly's Pulitzer-winning Craig's Wife in 1926. Kelly wrote a role especially for her in his next play, Daisy Mayme, which also was staged in 1926. She continued working in New York theater throughout the 1920s. In the 30s and 40s, Hull appeared in three Broadway hits, as a batty matriarch in You Can't Take It With You (1936), as a homicidal old lady in Arsenic and Old Lace (1941), and in Harvey (1944). The plays all had long runs, and took up ten years of Hull's career.
Hull made only six films, beginning in 1927 with a small part in the Clara Bow feature Get Your Man, followed by The Bishop's Candlesticks in 1929. That was followed by two 1932 Fox features, After Tomorrow (recreating her stage role) and The Careless Lady. She missed out on recreating her You Can't Take It With You role in 1938, as she was still onstage with the show. Instead, Spring Byington appeared in the film version. Hull and Canadian-born Jean Adair did play the Brewster sisters in the 1944 film Arsenic and Old Lace (starring Cary Grant), and Hull was in the screen version of Harvey as well, playing James Stewart's sister.
It was for that role that Hull won her Best Supporting Actress Oscar; it was her sole nomination. Variety credited Hull's performance: "the slightly balmy aunt who wants to have Elwood committed, is immense, socking the comedy for every bit of its worth." 
After, Hull made only one more film, The Lady from Texas (1951); she had also appeared in the CBS-TV version of Arsenic and Old Lace in 1949, with Ruth McDevitt, an actress who often succeeded Hull in her Broadway roles, as her sister.
- The Bridge [Sep 4, 1909 - Oct 1909, billed as Josephine Sherwood)
- The Law and the Man (Dec 20, 1906 - Feb 1907, billed as Josephine Sherwood) Role: Cosette (Replacement)
- Neighbors (Dec 26, 1923 - Jan 1924) Role: Mrs. Hicks
- Fata Morgana (Mar 3, 1924 - Sep 1924) Role: George's Mother
- Rosmersholm (May 5, 1925 - May 1925) Role: Madame Helseth
- Craig's Wife (Oct 12, 1925 - Aug 1926) Role: Mrs. Frazier
- Daisy Mayme (Oct 25, 1926 - Jan 1927) Role: Mrs. Olly Kipax
- The Wild Man of Borneo (Sep 13, 1927 - Sep 1927) Role: Mrs. Marshall
- March Hares (Apr 2, 1928 - Apr 1928) Role: Mrs. Janet Rodney
- The Beaux Stratagem (Jun 4, 1928 - Jun 1928) Role: Servant in the Inn
- Hotbed (Nov 8, 1928 - Nov 1928) Role: Hattie
- Before You're 25 (Apr 16, 1929 - May 1929) Role: Cornelia Corbin
- Those We Love (Feb 19, 1930 - Apr 1930) Role: Evelyn
- Midnight (Dec 29, 1930 - Feb 1931) Role: Mrs. Weldon
- Unexpected Husband (Jun 2, 1931 - Sep 1931) Role: Mrs. Egbert Busty
- After Tomorrow (Aug 26, 1931 - Nov 1931) Role: Mrs. Piper
- A Thousand Summers (May 24, 1932 - Jul 1932) Role: Mrs. Thompson
- American Dream (Feb 21, 1933 - Mar 1933) Role: Martha, Mrs. Schuyler Hamilton
- A Divine Drudge Oct 26, 1933 - Nov 1933) Role: Frau Klapstuhl
- By Your Leave (Jan 24, 1934 - Feb 1934) Role: Mrs. Gretchell
- On to Fortune (Feb 4, 1935 - Feb 1935) Role: Miss Hedda Sloan
- Seven Keys to Baldpate (May 27, 1935 - Jun 1935) Role: Mrs. Quinby
- Night In the House (Nov 7, 1935 - Nov 1935) Role: Lucy Amorest
- You Can't Take It With You (Dec 14, 1936 - Dec 3, 1938) Role: Penelope Sycamore
- An International Incident (Apr 2, 1940 - Apr 13, 1940) Role: Mrs. John Wurthering Blackett
- Arsenic and Old Lace (Jan 10, 1941 - Jun 17, 1944) Role: Abby Brewster
- Harvey (Nov 1, 1944 - Jan 15, 1949) Role: Veta Louise Simmons
- Minnie and Mr. Williams (Oct 27, 1948 - Oct 30, 1948) Role: Minnie
- The Golden State (Nov 25, 1950 - Dec 16, 1950) Role: Mrs. Morenas
- Whistler's Grandmother (Dec 11, 1952 - Jan 3, 1953) Role: Kate
- The Solid Gold Cadillac (Nov 5, 1953 - Feb 12, 1955) Role: Mrs. Laura Partridge
Broadway Credits as Director
- Why Not? (Dec 25, 1922 - Apr 1923, billed as Mrs. Shelley Hull)
- The Rivals (May 7, 1923 - May 1923, billed as Mrs. Shelley Hull)
- The Habitual Husband (Dec 24, 1924 - Jan 1925)
|1929||The Bishop's Candlesticks|
|1932||Careless Lady||Aunt Cora|
|After Tomorrow||Mrs. Piper|
|1944||Arsenic and Old Lace||Aunt Abby Brewster|
|1950||Harvey||Veta Louise Simmons||Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture
|1951||The Lady from Texas||Miss Birdie Wheeler|
- GREAT STARS OF THE AMERICAN STAGE by Daniel Blum ca. 1952 Profile #111
- 1880 United States Census (Massachusetts, Middlesex, Newton Ward 2, District 474, page 55); 1900 United States Census (Massachusetts, Middlesex, Newton Ward 2, District 895, page 19) , each showing Mary Josephine Sherwood born to William Sherwood and Mary E. Tewksbury Sherwood in Massachusetts in January 1877.
- For example, her marriage certificate in 1910 (when she was 33) states that she was 28. See Marriage Records, Chicago, Illinois and Newton, Massachusetts, April 3, 1910 (Mary Josephine Sherwood and Shelly Vaughn Hull). She likewise represented herself as several years younger in the 1910 census. 1910 United States Census (Connecticut, Litchfield, Barkhamstead, District 249, page 21), stating that "Josephine Hull" was 27. Still later sources list Hull as born on January 3, 1886, nine years later than her real birth date.
- "Review: ‘Harvey’", Variety, December 31, 1949
- Carson, William Glasgow Bruce, Dear Josephine, the Theatrical Career of Josephine Hull, Norman : University of Oklahoma Press, 1963
- Josephine Hull at the Internet Movie Database
- Josephine Hull at the Internet Broadway Database
- Josephine Hull at allmovie
- Josephine Hull at the TCM Movie Database
- Papers, 1871-1957. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University.
- Josephine Hull at Find a Grave