Cody as U.S. Army Lieutenant, c. 1917–1918
|Sport(s)||Football, basketball, baseball|
June 11, 1892|
|Died||June 17, 1961
Mount Laurel, New Jersey
|Position(s)||Tackle, Forward (basketball)|
|Coaching career (HC unless noted)|
|Administrative career (AD unless noted)|
|Head coaching record|
|Accomplishments and honors|
All-Southern (1914, 1915, 1916, 1919)
Outing Roll of Honor (1914)
Walter Camp third-team All-American (1915, 1919)
AP Southeast All-Time football team (1869–1919)
FWA All-time All-America Team (1869–1918)
Ranked by coach Dan McGugin as one of his six best players
1934 All-time Vandy team
Tennessee Sports Hall of Fame
|College Football Hall of Fame
Inducted in 1970 (profile)
Joshua Crittenden Cody (June 11, 1892 – June 17, 1961) was an American college athlete, head coach and athletics director. Cody was a native of Tennessee and an alumnus of Vanderbilt University, where he was a three-time All-American college football player. After graduation from Vanderbilt, Cody coached college football and basketball and served as the athletics director at various universities, including Clemson University, Vanderbilt, the University of Florida and Temple University.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Coaching career
- 3 Retirement and death
- 4 Posthumous honors
- 5 Head coaching record
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 Bibliography
- 9 External links
Early life and education
Josh Cody was raised in Franklin, Tennessee, where he was born on June 11, 1892 to James Wadkins Cody and Sarah Elizabeth Crittenden. There Cody attended Battle Ground Academy. His father James was a painter.
In 1914, at the age of 22, he enrolled at Vanderbilt University and was a member of the football, basketball, baseball and track and field teams, earning thirteen varsity letters in all. One source called Cody "the interference-smashingest, goal-cageingest, home-run knockingest, super-athlete in all Dixie."
At 6 feet, 4 inches (1.93 m), and 225 pounds (102 kg), Cody played for legendary coach Dan McGugin's football team as an offensive and defensive tackle, but was versatile enough to play quarterback, running back and kicker at times. He was known as a sure tackler and fierce blocker who helped the Commodores score 1,099 points in thirty-five games (31.4 points per game). Vanderbilt was 23–9–1 in his four seasons, including 21–3–3 in his final three years. Cody was selected to at least one All-Southern team every year he played, and for an All-time Vandy team published in Vanderbilt's yearbook in 1934.
In Cody's freshman year, Vanderbilt returned only ten men with experience and finished with a 2–6 record, McGugin's first losing season and only the second losing season in the school's twenty-five years of playing football. In his second game, a 23–3 loss to Michigan in Ann Arbor, Cody converted a 45-yard (41.148 m) drop kick field goal. He also at one point fell on Michigan's Tommy Hughitt while both dove after a fumble, and though referees did not call roughing, Michigan was bitter about the call throughout the game, which shortly after even threatened to end the contest between the two schools. In his fifth game, a 20–7 loss to Virginia, Cody threw a touchdown pass to Irby "Rabbit" Curry, the team's regular quarterback. Cody received his first national honor at season's end from Outing magazine's "Football Roll of Honor".
In 1915, Vanderbilt finished with a 9–1 record and a Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association (SIAA) champioship; and Cody earned his second national honor – a third team All-America selection from Walter Camp. The "point-a-minute" Commodores outscored their opponents by an incredible 514–38. Their only loss was a 35–10 setback to Virginia (Virginia lost only to Harvard, which lost only to national champion Cornell).
In 1916, Cody helped Vanderbilt to a 7–1–1 record, and was selected All-Southern, but was not recognized as an All-American. Quarterback Curry, however, was a third-team All-America selection of Walter Camp.
War and 1919
He was elected captain of next year's team at season's end, but instead served in the U.S. Army during World War I as a lieutenant in 1917 and 1918, then returned to Vanderbilt for his senior year in 1919. The Commodores finished 5–1–2, and Cody was named an All-American for the third time, again a third-team selection by Walter Camp, to become the only Vanderbilt athlete to be named a three-time All-American.
In 1923, he returned to Vanderbilt, where he became the head coach of the school's baseball and basketball teams. During that time, he also served as an assistant football coach to McGugin. He replaced Wallace Wade, who had left to coach Alabama, in all these capacities. Cody's first year as an assistant on the football team in 1923 saw the last conference title for Vanderbilt in the sport to date. In 1926, the football team lost only to Wade's Alabama. His 1926–27 basketball team finished 20–4—the best record in school history—and won the Southern Conference tournament championship. Cody had a variety of superstitions while coaching his basketball team, including not laundering jerseys during a winning streak until a game is lost and starting contests with the same lineup.
From 1927 to 1930, he was the head coach of the Clemson basketball and football teams. During his tenure, he compiled a 29–11–1 record as football coach, including a prefect 3–0 record against archrival South Carolina and a near-perfect 13–0–1 at home. He was 48–55 as basketball coach. Cody was popular among the Clemson student body, who called him "Big Man" because of his large stature. In May 1929, when rumors were swirling that he might leave to coach a bigger-name program, the students, faculty and staff took up a collection to buy him a brand new black Buick automobile.
In 1931, he returned to Vanderbilt as head coach of the basketball team and assistant football coach. In 1934, when McGugin retired, Cody was passed over for the head coaching job in favor of former Vanderbilt quarterback and SMU coach Ray Morrison. Morrison brought his own staff from SMU, but Cody remained basketball coach through the 1935–1936 season. His Commodores basketball teams tallied 51–50 in five seasons.
Disappointed at being passed over for the Commodores' football head coaching job, Cody left Vanderbilt in 1936 and, with McGugin's help, became athletic director and head football coach at Florida, where he compiled a 17–24–2 record in four seasons from 1936 to 1939. Florida's lone All-SEC selection during this period was Walter "Tiger" Mayberry.
In 1940, he left Florida and became the line coach under Ray Morrison at Temple. In 1942, he was appointed the head coach of the Temple basketball team. In 1944, he guided the Owls to their first NCAA Tournament berth, reaching the Elite Eight. One of his clinics and games at Temple in 1947 drew several hundred players, coaches, and fans. He remained Temple's basketball coach until 1952—compiling a record of 124–103—and then became athletic director.
Retirement and death
In 1959, at the age of 67, he retired to his 190-acre (0.77 km2) farm across the Delaware River in Moorestown, New Jersey which mostly produced grain. He died of a heart attack in Mount Laurel, New Jersey on June 17, 1961.
In 1969, Cody was named by the Football Writers Association to the 1869–1918 Early Era All-American Team. The same year, he was also selected for an Associated Press Southeast Area All-Time football team 1869–1919 era. He was elected to the College Football Hall of Fame in 1970 and the Tennessee Sports Hall of Fame in 1999.
Head coaching record
|Mercer Baptists (Independent) (1920–1922)|
|Clemson Tigers (Southern Conference) (1927–1930)|
|Florida Gators (Southeastern Conference) (1936–1939)|
|Temple Owls (Independent) (1955)|
|Vanderbilt Commodores (Southern Conference) (1923–1927)|
|1926–27||Vanderbilt||20–4||7–1||2nd||SoCon Tourn Champions|
|Clemson Tigers (Southern Conference) (1927–1931)|
|Vanderbilt Commodores (Southern Conference) (1931–1932)|
|Vanderbilt Commodores (Southeastern Conference) (1932–1936)|
|Florida Gators (Southeastern Conference) (1936–1937)|
|Temple Owls (Independent) (1942–1952)|
National champion Postseason invitational champion
- 1919 College Football All-Southern Team
- Clemson Tigers
- Florida Gators
- Florida Gators football, 1930–1939
- History of the University of Florida
- List of College Football Hall of Fame inductees (players, A–K)
- List of Vanderbilt University athletes
- Temple Owls
- University Athletic Association
- Vanderbilt Commodores
- 1923 Vanderbilt Commodores football team
- College Football Hall of Fame, Hall of Famers, Josh Cody Member Biography. Retrieved February 16, 2010.
- 1920 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Census Place: Civil District 7, Davidson, Tennessee; Roll: T625_1736; Page: 16B; Enumeration District: 116; Image: 116.
- Bill Traughber (March 14, 2012). "Vanderbilt SIAA champs in 1920".
- Edwin Pope (1955). Football's Greatest Coaches. p. 341. Retrieved March 8, 2015 – via archive.org.
- "Michigan and Vandy Likely To Have Break". The Charlotte News. October 16, 1914. p. 6. Retrieved June 14, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- "All-Southern Football Team As Picked By Sport Writers". Augusta Chronicle. December 3, 1916.
- "Three Colgate Men Picked By Camp for All-American Team". The Syracuse Herald. 1916-12-26.
- "McGugin Will Have Powerful Machine in Coming Grid Battles". Atlanta Constitution. July 27, 1919. Retrieved March 4, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Walter Camp's All-America Elevens, 1919," The New York Times, p. S1 (December 14, 1919). Retrieved August 11, 2010.
- "Josh Cody Refuses To Play Pro. Ball". The Washington Herald. December 5, 1919. Retrieved June 14, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Cody Vanderbilt Coach". The Washington Post. January 8, 1923 – via ProQuest.
- "Former Vandy Assistant Gets Stanley's Job". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. December 17, 1935.
- "S'East Leaders Play 'Dirty', As Clean Suits Break Charm". Big Spring Daily Herald. February 24, 1936. p. 2. Retrieved June 14, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Sam Blackman, "Program Feature: Josh Cody, Former Tiger Coach also led Temple teams," Clemson Tigers (October 20, 2005). Retrieved February 16, 2010.
- College Football Data Warehouse, All-Time Coaching Records, Josh C. Cody Records by Year. Retrieved February 16, 2010.
- 2012 Florida Football Media Guide, University Athletic Association, Gainesville, Florida, pp. 108, 115, 116 (2012). Retrieved September 16, 2012.
- "Josh Cody, Temple Coach, Conducts Cage Clinic Here". The Gazette and Daily. p. 17. Retrieved June 14, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Josh Cody Settles Down To Farm Life". Daily Intelligencer. January 13, 1958. p. 1. Retrieved June 14, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Josh Cody, 69, Dies; Former Temple Coach". The Evening Sun. June 19, 1961. p. 13. Retrieved June 14, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Bill Traughber, "Josh Cody, a College Football Hall of Famer," Vanderbilt Commodores (September 30, 2009). Retrieved February 16, 2010.
- "All-Time Football Team Lists Greats Of Past, Present". Gadsden Times. July 27, 1969.
- Tennessee Sports Hall of Fame, Inductees, Josh Cody. Retrieved March 4, 2010.
- 2009 Southern Conference Football Media Guide, Year-by-Year Standings, pp. 74–77 (2009). Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- Southeastern Conference, All-Time Football Standings 1933–1939. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- 2012 Florida Football Media Guide, University Athletic Association, Gainesville, Florida (2012).
- Carlson, Norm, University of Florida Football Vault: The History of the Florida Gators, Whitman Publishing, LLC, Atlanta, Georgia (2007). ISBN 0-7948-2298-3.
- Golenbock, Peter, Go Gators! An Oral History of Florida's Pursuit of Gridiron Glory, Legends Publishing, LLC, St. Petersburg, Florida (2002). ISBN 0-9650782-1-3.
- McCarthy, Kevin M., Fightin' Gators: A History of University of Florida Football, Arcadia Publishing, Mount Pleasant, South Carolina (2000). ISBN 978-0-7385-0559-6.
- McEwen, Tom, The Gators: A Story of Florida Football, The Strode Publishers, Huntsville, Alabama (1974). ISBN 0-87397-025-X.
- Nash, Noel, ed., The Gainesville Sun Presents The Greatest Moments in Florida Gators Football, Sports Publishing, Inc., Champaign, Illinois (1998). ISBN 1-57167-196-X.
- Proctor, Samuel, & Wright Langley, Gator History: A Pictorial History of the University of Florida, South Star Publishing Company, Gainesville, Florida (1986). ISBN 0-938637-00-2.