Joshua (name)

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Joshua
Karolingischer Buchmaler um 840 001.jpg
Joshua and the Israelite people by Karolingischer Buchmaler, c.840
Pronunciation /ˈɒʃuə/,[1]
Gender male
Origin
Word/name Hebrew Yehoshua
Meaning "Yahweh is salvation"
Other names
Related names Josh, Jesus, Josue
[2][3][4]

Joshua is a Biblical given name derived from the Hebrew Yehoshua (יהושע‎). The name was a common alternative form of the name יֵשׁוּעַ – yēšūă which corresponds to the Greek spelling Ἰησοῦς (Iesous), from which, through the Latin Iesus, comes the English spelling Jesus.[5][6]

As a result of the origin of the name, a majority of people before the 17th century who have this name are Jewish. A variant, truncated form of the name, Josh, gained popularity in the United States in the 1970s.

Popularity[edit]

Information from the United Kingdom's Office for National Statistics from 2003 to 2007 shows "Joshua" among the top-five given names for newborn males.[7] In Scotland, the popularity of "Joshua" has been substantially lower than in the rest of the United Kingdom, appearing at rank 35 in 2000 and rising to rank 22 in 2006.[8][9]

Biblical figures[edit]

  • Joshua, leader of the Israelites after the death of Moses
  • Joshua the High Priest, High Priest ca. 515-490 BCE after the return of the Jews from the Babylonian Captivity

Ancient world[edit]

Ordered chronologically
  • Joshua ben Perachiah (given name יהושע‎ = Yehoshua), Nasi (prince) of the Sanhedrin in the latter half of the 2nd century BCE
  • Joshua ben Hananiah (given name יהושע‎ = Yehoshua) (died 131), a tanna (sage)
  • Joshua ben Levi, Jewish amora (scholar) in the first half of the third century
  • Joshua the Stylite, author of a chronicle of the war between the Later Roman Empire and the Persians between 502 and 506

Medieval period[edit]

Modern era[edit]

Pre-20th century[edit]

20th and 21st centuries[edit]

  • Joshua Ang (born 1989), Singaporean film actor
  • Josh Barnett (born 1977), American mixed martial artist and professional wrestler
  • Joshua Bartholomew (born 1984), Canadian singer-songwriter, musician and producer
  • Josh Beckett (born 1980), American former Major League Baseball pitcher
  • Joshua Bell (born 1967), American violinist and conductor
  • Joshua Blahyi, better known by his nom de guerre General Butt Naked (born 1971), Liberian former warlord
  • Joshua Ilika Brenner (born 1976), Mexican swimmer
  • Joshua Cardwell (1910–1982), politician in Northern Ireland
  • Joshua Chelanga (born 1973), Kenyan long-distance runner
  • Joshua Clottey (born 1977), Ghanaian professional boxer and former IBF welterweight champion
  • Josh Cooper (cryptographer) (1901–1981), British cryptographer
  • Josh Cooper (defensive end) (born 1980), American football player, formerly in the National Football League
  • Josh Culbreath (born 1932), American retired hurdler
  • Joshua Dariye (born 1957), Nigerian politician
  • Ralph Joshua Dionisio (born 1994), Filipino actor
  • Josh Duggar (born 1988), Disgraced American reality TV participant and political activist
  • Josh Duhamel (born 1972), American actor and former model
  • Josh Dun (born 1988), American drummer, currently in the band Twenty One Pilots
  • Joshua Eagle (born 1973), Australian tennis coach and former player
  • Joshua Fernandez (born 1974), Malaysian film director
  • Joshua Fishman (born 1926), American linguist
  • Josh Gibson (1911–1947), American Negro league baseball catcher
  • Joshua Oupa Gqozo (born 1952), former military ruler of the former homeland of Ciskei in South Africa
  • Josh Groban (born 1981), American singer, songwriter, actor and record producer
  • Josh Hamilton (born 1981), American Major League baseball player
  • Josh Hartnett (born 1978), American actor and movie producer
  • Josh Homme (born 1973), American singer, songwriter, musician, record producer and actor
  • Josh Howard (born 1980), American basketball player, formerly in the National Basketball Association
  • Josh Hutcherson (born 1992), American actor
  • Josh Jasper (born 1987), All-American college football placekicker
  • Joshua Kennedy (born 1982), Australian former soccer player
  • Joshua Andrew Koenig (1968–2010), American actor and human rights activist
  • Josh Kronfeld (born 1971), New Zealand former rugby union flanker
  • Joshua Livestro (born 1970), Dutch columnist and political writer
  • Josh Mahoney (born 1977), former Australian rules footballer
  • Josh McDaniels (born 1976), American National Football League offensive coordinator and former head coach
  • Josh Morris, several individuals
  • Josh Mostel (born 1946), American actor
  • Joshua Neustein (born 1940), Polish-born American visual artist
  • Joshua Owusu (born 1948), Ghanaian retired triple jumper and long jumper
  • Josh Peck (born 1986), American actor
  • Joshua Perper (born 1932), Romanian-born American forensic pathologist and toxicologist
  • Joshua Radin (born 1974), American singer-songwriter
  • Josh Radnor (born 1974), American actor, director, producer and screenwriter
  • Josh Satin (born 1984), American former Major League Baseball player
  • Josh Server (born 1979), American actor and comedian
  • Joshua Simon (fl. 21st century), Israeli art curator, writer and filmmaker
  • Joshua Smith (disambiguation)
  • Josh Tordjman (born 1985), Canadian hockey goaltender
  • Josh Wagenaar (born 1985), Canadian former footballer
  • Joshua Wheeler (born 1975), American Delta Force Operator, first American service member killed in action while fighting ISIS
  • Josh Whitesell (born 1982), American former Major League Baseball and Nippon Professional Baseball player
  • Josh Widdicombe, English stand-up comedian and presenter
  • Josh Wilcox (born 1974), American former National Football League player
  • Josh Zeid (born 1987), American baseball pitcher, former in Major League Baseball

Fictional characters[edit]

  • Josh Bauer, a minor character in season 6 of the American television series 24
  • Joshua Christopher, in the Japanese anime/manga Chrono Crusade
  • Joshua Clay (debut 1977), DC Comics superhero Tempest
  • Joshua Deets (debut 1985), a recurring character in the Lonesome Dove American novel series
  • the title character of Joshua Jones (1991–1992), a Welsh children's television series
  • Josh Lyman (1999–2006), in the American television series The West Wing
  • Josh Nichols (2004–2007), in the American television series Drake & Josh
  • Joshua, a computer/artificial intelligence in the 1983 movie WarGames

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joshua at Oxford Dictionaries Online
  2. ^ A Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament Francis Brown, with S.R. Driver and C.A. Briggs, based on the lexicon of William Gesenius. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 221 & 446
  3. ^ Blue Letter Bible. "Dictionary and Word Search for Yĕhowshuwa` (Strong's 03091)". Blue Letter Bible. 1996–2008. 16 Feb 2008. http://cf.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?strongs=H3091
  4. ^ Behind the name – Joshua- feminine form http://www.behindthename.com/bb/fact/39476
  5. ^ Ilan, Tal (2002). Lexicon of Jewish Names in Late Antiquity Part I: Palestine 330 BCE–200 CE (Texte und Studien zum Antiken Judentum 91). Tübingen, Germany: J.C.B. Mohr. p. 129. 
  6. ^ Stern, David (1992). Jewish New Testament Commentary. Clarksville, Maryland: Jewish New Testament Publications. pp. 4–5. 
  7. ^ "Top 100 names for baby boys in England and Wales". National Statistics Online. Office for National Statistics. 2007-12-19. Retrieved 2008-02-17. (#2 2003–2005; #3 2006; #4 2007) 
  8. ^ "Top 100 boys' and names, Scotland, 2000 (provisional) – listed alphabetically" (PDF). Occasional papers. General Register Office for Scotland. 2000. 
  9. ^ "Top 100 boys' and names, Scotland, 2000 (provisional) – listed alphabetically" (PDF). Occasional papers. General Register Office for Scotland. 2006-12-18.