Joshua (name)

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Joshua
Karolingischer Buchmaler um 840 001.jpg
Joshua and the Israelite people by Karolingischer Buchmaler, c.840
Pronunciation /ˈɒʃuə/[1]
Gender male
Origin
Word/name Hebrew Yehoshua
Meaning "Yahweh is salvation"
Other names
Related names Josh, Jesus, Josue
[2][3][4]

Joshua is a Biblical given name derived from the Hebrew Yehoshua (יהושע‬). The name was a common alternative form of the name יֵשׁוּעַ‬ – yēšūă which corresponds to the Greek spelling Ἰησοῦς (Iesous), from which, through the Latin Iesus, comes the English spelling Jesus.[5][6]

As a result of the origin of the name, a majority of people before the 17th century who have this name were Jewish. A variant, truncated form of the name, Josh, gained popularity in the United States in the 1970s.

Popularity[edit]

Information from the United Kingdom's Office for National Statistics from 2003 to 2007 shows "Joshua" among the top-five given names for newborn males.[7] In Scotland, the popularity of "Joshua" has been substantially lower than in the rest of the United Kingdom, appearing at rank 35 in 2000 and rising to rank 22 in 2006.[8][9]

Biblical figures[edit]

  • Joshua, leader of the Israelites after the death of Moses
  • Joshua the High Priest, High Priest ca. 515-490 BCE after the return of the Jews from the Babylonian Captivity

Ancient world[edit]

Ordered chronologically

Medieval period[edit]

Modern era[edit]

Pre-20th century[edit]

20th and 21st centuries[edit]

Fictional characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joshua at Oxford Dictionaries Online
  2. ^ A Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament Francis Brown, with S.R. Driver and C.A. Briggs, based on the lexicon of William Gesenius. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 221 & 446
  3. ^ Blue Letter Bible. "Dictionary and Word Search for Yĕhowshuwa` (Strong's 03091)". Blue Letter Bible. 1996–2008. 16 Feb 2008. http://cf.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?strongs=H3091
  4. ^ Behind the name – Joshua- feminine form http://www.behindthename.com/bb/fact/39476
  5. ^ Ilan, Tal (2002). Lexicon of Jewish Names in Late Antiquity Part I: Palestine 330 BCE–200 CE (Texte und Studien zum Antiken Judentum 91). Tübingen, Germany: J.C.B. Mohr. p. 129. 
  6. ^ Stern, David (1992). Jewish New Testament Commentary. Clarksville, Maryland: Jewish New Testament Publications. pp. 4–5. 
  7. ^ "Top 100 names for baby boys in England and Wales". National Statistics Online. Office for National Statistics. 2007-12-19. Archived from the original on 2011-05-22. Retrieved 2008-02-17. (#2 2003–2005; #3 2006; #4 2007) 
  8. ^ "Top 100 boys' and names, Scotland, 2000 (provisional) – listed alphabetically" (PDF). Occasional papers. General Register Office for Scotland. 2000. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-09-25. 
  9. ^ "Top 100 boys' and names, Scotland, 2000 (provisional) – listed alphabetically" (PDF). Occasional papers. General Register Office for Scotland. 2006-12-18. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-27.