Joshua Epstein (violinist)
|Joshua Epstein (violinist)|
|Born||November 14, 1940|
Joshua Epstein (Hebrew: יהושע אפשטין; born November 14, 1940) is an Israeli musician, classical violinist and music educator. The recipient of many international prizes from violin competitions and recording labels, Epstein's work as a soloist and chamber musician is extensive. Equally extensive is his influence as a professor of violin, which extends over more than half a century. Epstein continues his work at the Hochschule für Musik Saar in Saarbrücken, Germany, where he has lived and taught since 1978.
Joshua Epstein was the only child of Anna (née Schwertfinger) and Julian Epstein. His mother was born in present-day Izmir, Turkey to parents of Romanian-Jewish origin. Anna's family, moving southward across the Levant, soon arrived in Aleppo, where she and her sisters were schooled in French by the nuns of a local convent. By this time, she was one of nine living children, six girls and three boys. The family later settled just north of the ancient port city of Jaffa in the newly-founded municipality of Tel Aviv.
Joshua's father's family had emigrated to Essen, Germany from Galicia several years before the outbreak of World War I. Julian Epstein (1905-1984) was the youngest of six brothers. By the 1930s, he had become increasingly desperate to escape the growing threats of the Nazi Party. After completing three years of formal education as a carpenter in Holland, Julian managed to get permission to join his brother, Walter, in Tel Aviv in 1936.
Early life and education
Joshua Epstein was born on November 14, 1940. His parents continued to live in the same small apartment in which he was born, on HaShoftim Street, until 1975. As a child, Joshua spoke French with his mother, German with his father and Hebrew outside of the home and in school.
Joshua received his first violin lessons from Yariv Ezrahi when he was 8 years old and progressed quickly. He moved to Belgium to pursue a career in violin when he was 19 years old.
In Brussels, Epstein was admitted to the Royal Conservatory and studied as a student of Arthur Grumiaux for two years, later also completing a special degree in chamber music. He then transferred to the class of André Gertler and entered the Queen Elisabeth Music Chapel (1962-1965) under his tuition. After graduating, Epstein served as Gertler's assistant at the Hochschule für Musik und Theater in Hanover, Germany (1966-1972) and won prizes at several international violin competitions.
In 1965 Epstein flew to Helsinki, Finland for the first ever International Jean Sibelius Violin Competition. He came away with second prize, the first having been won by the young Soviet talent, Oleg Kagan. He then entered the Queen Elisabeth International Violin Competition in the city of his alma mater in 1967. As a finalist, he performed the Sibelius Concerto, Op. 47; the Hindemith 4th Violin Concerto and the Bartok 1st Rhapsodie, et al. A year later, Epstein went on to win first prize at the 1968 City of London Carl Flesch Competition.
The Queen Elisabeth Competition takes place every four years. Epstein entered again in 1971 and was again a finalist. This time, he played the Mendelssohn Concerto, Op. 64; the Wieniawski Polonaise in D major.
After his competition successes, Epstein launched his career as a soloist and over the next 40 years performed with many orchestras across the Continent: the Oslo Philharmonic, Bergen Philharmonic, RIAS Berlin, Saarländischer Rundfunk, NDR Hamburg, Bayerischer Rundfunk, Bayerische Staatsoper, Nürnberger Symphoniker, Berliner Symphoniker, to mention just a few. He is especially known for his interpretations of Bach, Mozart, Paganini and Bartók and has given recitals in France, Germany, Belgium, England, Scandinavia, Italy, Spain, the United States and Canada; Israel, Turkey, Iran and South Korea.
The Bartholdy String Quartet was founded in 1968 by a group of young musicians performing and teaching at music academies in the German cities of Karlsruhe and Würzburg. When an accident forced their original viola player to resign, the group's first violinist, Jörg-Wolfgang Jahn, decided to change instruments. Thus the Bartholdy Quartet was in need of a first violinist. In 1972, Epstein traveled to Linkenheim, near Karlsruhe, to meet with them. With Jahn playing viola, Annemarie Dengler-Speermann as the group's cellist, Max Speermann as second violin and Epstein as the new primarius, they toured throughout Europe, North America and the near east to great acclaim. The group worked together from 1972 until 1978, earning the Deutscher Schallplattenpreis and the Grand Prix du disque for their recordings of Mendelssohn and Schubert.
Joshua Epstein's violin teaching was influenced by the Hungarian violinist André Gertler and by the Feldendrais Method. Among his many teaching positions, Epstein has served as Professor of Violin at the University of Music Würzburg (1974-1978), Conservatoire de Strasbourg (1994-2005), the Hochschule für Musik Saar (1978–present) and the Dokuz Eylul University State Conservatory in Izmir, Turkey (2012-2018). Epstein has given masterclasses in cities around the world, including Italy, Belgium, France (Moulin d'Andé), Turkey, South Korea, et al.
Performed by Joshua Epstein, first violin; Max Speermann, second violin; Jörg-Wolfgang Jahn, viola; Annemarie Dengler-Speermann, cello:
- 1979: Beethoven, Ludwig van. String Quartet No. 13; No. 17 ('Grosse Fuge'). EMI Electrola 1C 063-30 847.
- 1978: Schubert, Franz. String Quartet No. 15. EMI Electrola 1C 063-30 788.
- 1976: Debussy, Claude. String Quartet No. 1, and Paul Hindemith, String Quartet No. 3. EMI Electrola 1C 057-30 694.
- 1974: Mendelssohn Bartholdy, Felix. Complete String Quartets, Vol. II. BASF 39 21966-6. Digitally re-issued on CD: Acantha 43 075.
- 1973: Mendelssohn Bartholdy, Felix. Complete String Quartets, Vol. I. Acantha-Bellaphon CD 43 075.
- 1998: Strauss, Richard. Piano Quartet, Op. 13 and Sonata for Violin and Piano, Op. 18. Performed by J. Epstein, J. C. Vanden Eynden, V. Mendelssohn, A. Dmitriev.
- 1975: Beethoven, Ludwig van. Septet, Op. 20. Perf. by J. Epstein, J. W. Jahn, A. Bylsma, A. Woodrow, P. Honingh, A. van Woudenberg, and B. Pollard. BASF 20 22234-9.
Performed by Joshua Epstein, violin:
- 1998: Bach, Johann Sebastian. Sonatas and Partitas for Solo Violin. Agorá AG 110.2.
- 1998: Fireworks for Violin. Uwe Brandt, piano. Agorá AG 142.1.
- 1997: Paganini, Niccolò. 24 Caprices, Op. 1. Agorá AG 108.1.
- 1986: Bloch, Ernest. Poème Mystique, Baal-Schem Suite, Avodah/Melodie. Eugène de Canck, piano. Schwann Musica Mundi VMS 1053.
- 1973: Beethoven, Ludwig van. Sonata No. 9 "Kreutzer" and Bela Bartók, Sonata for Solo Violin. Jean-Claude Vanden Eynden, piano. Deutsche Grammophon 2555 009.
- 1997: Saarbrücker Kammermusiktage. Bela Bartók, Kontrasts: J. Epstein, S. Douwes, D. Blumenthal; Maurice Ravel, Sonate No. 2 for Violin and Piano: J. Epstein, N. Shetler. Saarländischer Rundfunk 97.020.
- 1992: Musik aus dem Saarland. Bela Bartok et al. Rhapsodie No. 2 for Violin and Orchestra. Rundfunk Symphony Orchestra, Saarbrücken. Arbeit und Kultur Saarland GmbH 97082/1.
- Kurzbauer, Heather (November 27, 2016). "Homage to Philipp Hirschhorn". Violinist.com.
- "Joshua Epstein tritt als Solist auf". Schwäbische Zeitung. June 23, 2015. Retrieved December 16, 2018.
- "Ein Verehrer löst sich von seinem grossen Vorbild". Berliner Morgenpost. November 2, 1994.
- "Im Theater: Böhmische Musik aus erster Hand". Wolfsburger Allgemeine. October 20, 1994.
- "Musikfestspiele in Potsdam: Joshua Epstein brillierte mit Paganini". Der Tagesspiegel. June 12, 1995.
- "Musik überwindet auch die Kulturhoheit: 65 junge Musiker werden in der Bundesakademie an die Kammermusik herangeführt". Trossinger Nachrichten. July 20, 1990.
- "Internationale Sommerakademie Schwetzingen-Worms lädt zu Meisterkursen ein". Rhein-Neckar-Zeitung. June 3, 2016. Retrieved December 16, 2018.
- "Spitzenförderung durch qualifizierte Dozenten". Rhein-Neckar-Zeitung. July 6, 2012. Retrieved December 16, 2018.
- "Epstein Joshua - HfM Saar | Hochschule für Musik Saar". www.hfm.saarland.de (in German). Retrieved 2018-11-30.
- Ivry, Benjamin (January 31, 2019). "Yaron Ezrahi: How Music Helped an Optimist Refrain from Pessimism". Forward. Retrieved February 2, 2019.
- "Jean Sibelius -Viulukilpailu 2015 | photos". www.sibeliuscompetition.fi. Retrieved 2018-11-30.
- "Jean Sibelius -Viulukilpailu 2015 | laureates". www.sibeliuscompetition.fi. Archived from the original on 2018-10-25. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
- "Joshua Epstein". cmireb.be. Retrieved 2018-11-30.
- "Kolorierter Märchenzauber". Nürnberger Zeitung. March 18, 1996.
- "Gastsolist aus Israel: Symphoniker mit Bartok und Beethoven". Märkische Allgemeine Zeitung. November 6, 1995.
- Müllich, Hermann (May 8, 1979). "Ovation für Dreiecksrotationen". Fränkischer Tag Volksblatt.
- "Jahreszeiten mit sattem Bogenstrich". Hannoversche Allgemeine Zeitung. July 30, 1993.
- "Le concerto de violon de Glazounov dimanche avec l'Orchestre Philharmonique".
- Rausche, Armin (May 6, 1979). "Von Heiterkeit durchdrungen". Main-Post.
- Veeck, Horst-Dieter (May 7, 1985). "Ein neuer Bach-Zyklus". Saarbrücker Zeitung.
- "Virtuose Epstein gastiert in Liebfrauen". Schwäbische Zeitung. May 5, 2007. Retrieved December 16, 2018.
- "Der Hexentanz flirrt auf Geige und Piano". Schwaebische Zeitung. October 4, 2010. Retrieved December 16, 2018.
- Manecke, Wolfgang (September 26, 2005). "Ein Geiger muss Paganini spielen können". Schwäbische Zeitung.
- "Soirée avec le violoniste Joshua Epstein". Dernieres Nouvelles D'Alsace. January 9, 1983.
- "Beethoven im Zyklus In der Saar-Universität: Violinabend mit Joshua Epstein". Saarbrücker Zeitung. May 17, 1987.
- "Récital de violon". La Libre Belgique. March 26, 1964.
- Senior, Evan (1969). Music and Musicians, Vol. 18. Hansom Books. pp. 13, 17.
- Hurum, Hans Jorgen (November 17, 1967). "Et stort fiolintalent". Oslo Aftenposten.
- Silbermann, O. (March 18, 1969). "Joshua Epstein Plays Paganini with Kol Israel Orchestra". Ma'ariv.
- "Bartholdy Quartet in Tehran". Tehran Journal. October 29, 1977.
- "Musikfestspiele: Paganini im Babelsberger Schloß". Die Welt. June 12, 1995.
- Schäfer, Ronald (June 12, 1995). "Joshua Epstein in den Fußstapfen des Teufelsgeigers: Umjubeltes Konzert bei den Musikfestspielen Potsdam". Berliner Morgenpost.
- "Solisten Unterrichten Schüler". Schwäbische Zeitung. September 21, 2005. Retrieved December 16, 2018.
- "Im Paganini Rausch". Das Orchester: 429. April 1986.
- Kolstad, Björn (February 5, 1974). "Poesie und Perfektion". Bergen Morgenavisen.
- Kortsen, Bjarne (February 5, 1974). "Hervorragendes Quartett". Bergens Arbeiderblad.
- Leikvoll, Kjell (February 5, 1974). "Kammermusikalischer Wohlklang". Bergens Tidende.
- Yador, Hannah (September 6, 1979). "Epstein and Bartholdy Win a Prize". Ma'ariv.
- "Ich habe das ganze in eine Form gebracht". Saarbrücker Zeitung. February 1, 2013. Retrieved December 16, 2018.
- "Hervorragender Start mit virtuosen Künstlern". Wochenspiegel. September 26, 1988.
- "Saarbrücker Kammermusiktage". Saarbrücker Wochenspiegel. October 5, 1989.
- "Prominenter Zuwachs der Musikhochschule: Neue Dozenten stellten sich vor...Joshua Epstein und Günter Kaunzinger". Würzburg Main-Post. November 8, 1974.
- "Konzerte". int-sommerakademie.com. Retrieved 2018-12-01.
- Award recipient: Grand Prix du disque and Deutscher Schallplattenpreis.
- Spingel, Hans-Otto (September 22, 1973). "Dacapo mit Dynamit: Geigerfürsten von einst und jetzt". Die Welt. Hamburg.