Joshua Field (engineer)
|Died||11 August 1863
|Engineering discipline||Civil engineer, mechanical engineer|
|Institution memberships||Institution of Civil Engineers (president), Fellow of the Royal Society|
Field was born in Hackney in 1786, his father was John Field a corn and seed merchant who was later to become Master of the Worshipful Company of Merchant Taylors. Field was a pupil of dockyard engineer Simon Goodrich from 1803 to 1805. Commissioned by Samuel Bentham, the Inspector-general of naval works, he worked with Samuel Goodrich to develop tools for mass-producing ships' blocks at Portsmouth Dockyard. The block mills they designed required ten unskilled men to take the place of 110 skilled craftsmen, and have been recognised as the first use of machine tools for mass production. They were built by Henry Maudslay between 1802 and 1806, and represented the first steam-powered manufactory in any dockyard.
Field joined seven other young engineers who, in 1817, decided to found the Institution of Civil Engineers as a more accessible institution than the established but élitist Society of Civil Engineers founded by John Smeaton in 1771. He served as their vice-president in 1837, and he continued to hold that office until elected president on 18 January 1848, being the first mechanical engineer to hold the presidency and the only one of the original proposers to hold the post. In his inaugural address, delivered on 1 February, he alluded particularly to the changes which had then been introduced into steam navigation which allowed for a greater capacity and speeds. On 3 March 1836 he became a fellow of the Royal Society, and was also a member of the Society of Arts.
- A. P. Woolrich, Goodrich, Simon (1773–1847), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography 2004
- Catherine Pease-Watkin Bentham, Samuel (1757–1831) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Sept 2004
- Ronald M. Birse & Mike Chrimes, Palmer, Henry Robinson (1795–1844), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 2004]
|Professional and academic associations|
|President of the Institution of Civil Engineers
January 1848 – December 1849