Joshua B. Freeman (born 1949) is a professor of history at Queens College, City University of New York (CUNY) and the CUNY Graduate Center. He is the former executive officer of the Graduate Center's history department.
Childhood and education
Freeman was born in 1949 in New York City to working class parents. His grandfather was very active in the American labor movement, and politically active. The influence of his parents and grandparents left him deeply aware of what it meant to be working class. As a youth, he often explored working-class neighborhoods and felt a deep affinity for other similarly situated people.
In 1981, Freeman became an instructor at State University of New York at Old Westbury. He became an assistant professor of history before leaving in 1985.
In 1984, Freeman obtained a position as a senior research scholar at the CUNY Graduate Center.
In 1987, Freeman left CUNY and was appointed an assistant professor at Columbia University. He became an associate professor in 1991.
In 1998, Freeman returned to CUNY, becoming an associate professor at Queens College and the CUNY Graduate Center. He was named a full professor in 2001.
Two of Freeman's books have drawn notice from the academic community.
Freeman's 1988 book, In Transit: The Transport Workers Union in New York City, 1933-1966, won the Philip Taft Labor History Book Award in 1989. The book was widely reviewed and praised for unearthing the history of a radical union important in the history of the American labor movement.
- In Transit is a richly detailed and analytically sophisticated book about a remarkable organization, the Transport Workers Union (TWU), in New York City in the heyday of industrial unionism in the 1930s and 1940s. The overall story of the TWU's development is closely intertwined with New York and New Deal politics, the emergence of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) and its bitter internecine quarrel with the American Federation of Labor, and the impact of the Second World War and the early Cold War on American society. But the most important -- and most fascinating -- of the book's many threads concerns the relationship between the TWU's Communist leadership and the union's Irish Catholic, and predominantly conservative, membership. Joshua Freeman engagingly demonstrates how this unlikely bond developed in the 1930s, and how it finally came unraveled in the dramatically altered political climate of the late 1940s.
Freeman's 2000 book, Working-Class New York: Life and Labor Since World War II, also won positive reviews. Freeman intended that the book correct histories of New York City which focused on wealthy elites, elected leaders and organizations. Throughout the first half of the book, Freeman argues that everyday workers were at least as influential as these other groups in making New York City into a progressive bastion and world economic and cultural center. Freeman
- argues that the strength of organized labor and its continued political influence in the three decades following World War II were largely responsible for the rise of a social democratic politics that made the city special. The presence of organized labor, Freeman says, even gave the city its "cultural greatness." ... While little that is dramatically new is revealed here, Freeman's account is an important reminder that social policy is not made simply by political elites.
One critic argued that Freeman too easily dismissed conservative and anti-communist forces active in New York City at the time, wasting a chance to explain why leftist labor unions were able to overcome them and implement much of their agenda.
Freeman's most recent book is American Empire, 1945-2000: The Rise of a Global Power, The Democratic Revolution at Home. It is part of the Penguin History of the United States, edited by Eric Foner.
Memberships and awards
Freeman is popular commentator on labor history on radio and television. He appeared in Ric Burns' New York: A Documentary Film. From 2001 to 2004, he wrote the "Our Living Tradition" column for the TWU Local 100 Express.
In 2000, his book Working-Class New York won the New York City Book Award, sponsored by the New York Society Library, for the best work of historical importance that evoked the spirit or enhanced appreciation of New York City.
- In Transit: The Transport Workers Union in New York City, 1933-1966. New ed., with new epilogue. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2001. ISBN 1-56639-922-X
- Working-Class New York: Life and Labor Since World War II. New York: The New Press, 2000. ISBN 1-56584-575-7
- American Empire, 1945-2000: The Rise of a Global Power, The Democratic Revolution at Home. New York: Viking, 2012. ISBN 9780670023783
- Behemoth: A History of the Factory and the Making of the Modern World. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2018. ISBN 9780393246315
- Lichtenstein, Nelson, et al. Who Built America? Vol. 2: From 1877 to Present. 2nd ed. New York: Pantheon Books, 2001. ISBN 1-57259-303-2
- Fraser, Steven and Freeman, Joshua B., eds. Audacious Democracy: Labor, Intellectuals, and the Social Renewal of America. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1997. ISBN 0-395-86682-0
- "Catholics, Communists, and Republicans: Irish Workers and the Organization of the Transport Workers Union." In Working-Class America: Essays on Labor, Community, and American Society. Daniel Walkowitz and Michael Frisch, eds. Champaign, Ill.: University of Illinois Press, 1983. ISBN 0-252-00953-3
- "Labor During the American Century: Work, Workers, and Unions Since 1945." In A Companion to Post-1945 America. Roy Rosenzweig and Jean-Christophe Agnew, eds. Boston, Mass.: Blackwell Publishing, 2002. ISBN 0-631-22325-8
- "Anatomy of a Strike: New York City Transit Workers Confront the Power Elite." New Labor Forum. Fall 2006.
- "A Fight for the Future." The Nation. December 22, 2005.
- "Hardhats: Construction Workers, Manliness, and the 1970 Pro-War Demonstrations." Journal of Social History. June 1993.
- "Putting Conservatism Back into the 1960s." Radical History Review. Spring 1989.
- "Red New York." Monthly Review. July/August 2002.
- "The Strike Weapon: Can it Still Work?" Dissent. Spring 1997.
- "Structure and Culture in the Labor Market." Labor History. Winter 1994.
- "The Thirteenth Amendment is No Magic Bullet: Joshua B. Freeman Replies to Mark Dudzic." New Labor Forum. Spring 2005.
- Freeman, Joshua B. and Rosswurm, Steven. "The Education of an Anti-Communist: Father John F. Cronin and the Baltimore Labor Movement." Labor History. Summer 1992.
- "People – Full-Time Faculty: Joshua B. Freeman Archived 2018-03-11 at the Wayback Machine". Queens College. City University of New York. Retrieved 2018-03-10.
- "Joshua B. Freeman". The Graduate Center. City University of New York. Retrieved 2018-03-10.
- Bruce Nelson, "In Transit: The Transport Workers Union in New York City, 1933-1966 by Joshua B. Freeman; Book Reviews." Business History Review. 64:2 (Summer, 1990).
- Nick Salvatore, "Local Heroes," New York Times, May 14, 2000.
- "Past Award Winners: 1989". Philip Taft Labor History Book Award. ILR School, Cornell University. ilr.cornell.edu. Retrieved 2018-03-10.
- "The New York City Book Awards 2000"; about the award: "The New York City Book Awards". New York Society Library. nycsoclib.org. Retrieved 2018-03-10.
- Szalai, Jennifer (March 7, 2018). "In ‘Behemoth,’ Manufacturing Still Looms Large". New York Times. nytimes.com. Retrieved 2018-03-10. Print edition: March 8, 2018, "Tracing the Rise of Manufacturing in Modern Times", p. C6.
- Evelyn, Jamilah. "On Labor History and the Working Class: A Talk with Joshua Freeman." Folio. Spring 2006.
- Writers' Directory. 22nd ed. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Gale Group, 2007. ISBN 1-55862-598-4
- Joshua B. Freeman faculty page, Ph.D. Program in History, CUNY Graduate Center