Joshua Hill (politician)

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Joshua Hill
United States Senator
from Georgia
In office
February 1, 1871 – March 3, 1873
Preceded byAlfred Iverson, Sr.
Succeeded byJohn B. Gordon
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 7th district
In office
March 4, 1857 – January 23, 1861
Preceded byNathaniel G. Foster
Succeeded byDistrict inactive
Personal details
Born(1812-01-10)January 10, 1812
Abbeville, South Carolina
DiedMarch 6, 1891(1891-03-06) (aged 79)
Madison, Georgia
Political partyAmerican Party, Republican

Joshua Hill (January 10, 1812 – March 6, 1891) was an American politician who served as a United States Senator from the state of Georgia.

He was born in South Carolina but later moved to Georgia and became a lawyer. He was elected to the United States House of Representatives from Georgia in 1857 as a member of the American Party (also called the Know-Nothing Party). He was re-elected in 1859. He resigned on January 23, 1861, while the other members of the state's delegation simply withdrew shortly after the state convention passed an ordinance of secession in Georgia. Following the end of the Civil War, he was elected to the United States Senate from Georgia as a Republican in 1867. However, he did not serve in the Senate until 1871 when Georgia was readmitted to the United States. He served in the Senate until the end of his term in 1873 and did not run for reelection. He resumed the practice of law and died in Madison, Georgia. During the Civil War, General William Tecumseh Sherman, a friend of Hill, did not burn Madison, Georgia on his "March to the Sea".

Hill became the first Republican U.S. Senator from the state of Georgia. Soon afterwards, Reconstruction ended, and Georgia would not elect another Republican to the Senate until Mack Mattingly in 1980.


U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Nathaniel G. Foster
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 7th congressional district

March 4, 1857 – January 23, 1861
Succeeded by
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Georgia
February 1, 1871 – March 3, 1873
Served alongside: Homer V. M. Miller, Thomas M. Norwood
Succeeded by
John B. Gordon
Notes and references
1. Because of Georgia's secession from the Union in 1861, seat was vacant from 1861 to 1868, before Pierce M. B. Young was elected to the seat.
2. Because of Georgia's secession from the Union in 1861, seat was vacant from 1861 to 1871, after Alfred Iverson, Sr. withdrew from the Senate.