|Died||June 27, 1858 (age 50)
|Burial||June 31, 1858
October 30, 1865
Mauna ʻAla Royal Mausoleum
|Spouse||Jane Lahilahi Young|
Joshua Kaʻeo (c. 1808 – June 27, 1858), was a Hawaiian high chief or nobleman of Hawaii Island descent, the uncle of Queen Emma of Hawaii, and an early Hawaiian politician and advisor of Kamehameha III.
His father was Asa Kaʻeo, a grandson or son of Manoua, the daughter of King Kalaniʻōpuʻu and one of his wives, Mulehu, from a noble family of the Kaʻū district; Mulehu was also the grandmother of Abner Pākī (one of Kaʻeo's own contemporaries) through a second marriage and great-grandmother of Bernice Pauahi Bishop. His mother is named Paaluanui. He was distant cousin to Kamehameha I since his great (great) grandfather Kalaniʻōpuʻu was Kamehameha I's half-uncle.
He was member of the King's Privy Council from 1845 to 1850 and a member of House of Nobles from 1845 to 1856. At one time, he was the Judge of the Supreme Court of Hawaii from 1844 to 1848, succeeding Zorobabela Kaʻauwai who resigned in November, 1846.
- Peter Young Kekuaokalani Kaeo (1836–1880), he was given as a hānai child (adopted) to Jane's brother Keoni Ana and his wife Julia Alapai. Educated at Royal School, he became a member of the House of Nobles but later contracted leprosy and was sent to leper colony at Kalawao.
- Keliʻimaikai Kaʻeo, nicknamed "Alebada" (died October 13, 1851), he was given as a hānai child to Jane's other brother James Kanehoa and his wife Sarah Kale Davis. He was named after Jane's ancestor Keliʻimaikaʻi, Kamehameha's only full brother.
- "Royal Mausoleum". The Hawaiian Gazette. March 10, 1899. Retrieved June 28, 2010.
- Edith Kawelohea McKinzie, Ishmael W. Stagner (1986). Hawaiian Genealogies: Extracted from Hawaiian Language Newspapers. 2. University of Hawaii Press. p. 78. ISBN 0-939154-37-4.
- Abraham Fornander (1880). John F. G. Stokes, ed. An Account of the Polynesian Race: Its Origins and Migrations, and the Ancient History of the Hawaiian People to the Times of Kamehameha I. Volume 2. Trübner & Co. p. 205.
- Christopher Buyers. "The Kamehameha Dynasty Genealogy (Page 5)". Royal Ark web site. Retrieved 2010-01-27.
- Christopher Buyers. "The Kamehameha Dynasty Genealogy (Page 3)". Royal Ark web site. Retrieved 2010-01-27.
- Edith Kawelohea McKinzie, Ishmael W. Stagner (1983). Hawaiian Genealogies: Extracted from Hawaiian Language Newspapers. 1. University of Hawaii Press. p. 38. ISBN 0-939154-28-5.
- "Joshua Kaeo". Our Family History and Ancestry. Families of Old Hawaii. Retrieved 2010-01-27.
- "Kaeo, Josua office record". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Retrieved 2010-01-27.
- "By Authority". The Polynesian. November 14, 1846. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
- Frear, Walter F. (1894). "Evolution of the Hawaiian Judiciary". Papers of the Hawaiian Historical Society. Honolulu: Hawaiian Historical Society (7). hdl:10524/966.
- Judd, Albert Francis (1888). ""Early Constitution of the Judiciary of the Hawaiian Islands," Maile Wreath, February 1875, reprinted in". All About Hawaii. Honolulu: Honolulu Star-Bulletin: 63–67.
- Apple, Russel A. (1978). Pahukanilua: Homestead of John Young : Kawaihae, Kohala, Island of Hawaiʻi : Historical Data Section of the Historic Structure Report. Honolulu: National Park Office, Hawaii State Office. pp. 39–41.
- "KANEHOA, JAMES YOUNG Alii A ward LCA 8518- B ,M.A.43" (PDF). Kanaka Genealogy web site. Retrieved 2012-03-25.