|United States Senator|
from North Carolina
March 4, 1931 – December 15, 1946
|Preceded by||F.M. Simmons|
|Succeeded by||William B. Umstead|
Josiah William Bailey
September 14, 1873
Warrenton, North Carolina, U.S.
|Died||December 15, 1946 (aged 73)|
Raleigh, North Carolina, U.S.
|Alma mater||Wake Forest College|
Early life and education
Elected to the United States Senate in 1930, defeating longtime incumbent Furnifold McLendel Simmons, Bailey earned a reputation as a conservative while in office. In 1937, he coauthored the bipartisan Conservative Manifesto, a document criticizing President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal and proposing more conservative alternatives. Among other things, the Manifesto called for lower taxes and less spending.
That same year, Bailey gave a rousing floor speech against President Roosevelt's court-packing bill, which convinced at least three freshman Republicans, thought by Majority Leader Joe Robinson to be definite supporters, to oppose the measure.
A segregationist and white supremacist, Bailey filibustered anti-lynching legislation in 1938.
Bailey died in office in 1946.
- The National Cyclopædia of American Biography. Vol. D. New York, N.Y.: James T. White & Company. 1934. p. 440 – via HathiTrust.
- Kickler, Troy L. The Conservative Manifesto. The North Carolina History Project.
- Caro, Robert. Master of the Senate. p. 62.
- Beauchamp, Zack (October 9, 2013). How Racism Caused The Shutdown. ThinkProgress. Retrieved September 4, 2021.
- Finley, Keith M. Delaying the Dream: Southern Senators and the Fight Against Civil Rights, 1938–1965 (Baton Rouge, LSU Press, 2008).
- Moore, John Robert. Senator Josiah William Bailey of North Carolina: A Political Biography. Durham: Duke University Press, 1968.
- United States Congress. "Josiah Bailey (id: B000046)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- The "Conservative Manifesto" from the North Carolina History Project
- Biblical Recorder Column on Bailey at the Wayback Machine (archived September 28, 2007)
- "Taking on FDR: Senator Josiah Bailey and the 1937 Conservative Manifesto" by Troy Kickler, December 13, 2006
- Raleigh News & Observer Column on Bailey's Friendship with Huey Long[dead link]
- Josiah William Bailey at Find-A-Grave
- Josiah Bailey papers. 1773–1867. 2" linear. At the University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections.