Josiah Gilbert Holland
Josiah Gilbert Holland (July 24, 1819 – October 12, 1881) was an American novelist and poet who also wrote under the pseudonym Timothy Titcomb. He helped to found and edit Scribner's Monthly (afterwards the Century Magazine), in which appeared his novels, Arthur Bonnicastle, The Story of Sevenoaks, Nicholas Minturn. In poetry he wrote "Bitter Sweet" (1858), "Kathrina", the lyrics to the Methodist hymn "There's a Song in the Air", and many others.
Born in Belchertown, Massachusetts, on July 24, 1819, Holland grew up in a poor family struggling to make ends meet. After a time, Josiah was forced to work in a factory to help the family. He then spent a short time studying at Northampton (Massachusetts) High School before withdrawing due to ill health. Later he studied medicine at Berkshire Medical College, where he took a degree in 1844.
Hoping to become a successful physician, he began a medical practice with classmate Dr. Bailey in Springfield, Massachusetts. While trying to establish the practice, he wrote for periodicals such as Knickerbocker Magazine and even tried to make a go publishing a newspaper, The Bay State Weekly Courier, but this attempt proved unsuccessful, as did his medical practice. In 1845 he married Elizabeth Luna Chapin. After giving up medicine in 1848, he left western Massachusetts and took a teaching position in Richmond, Virginia, followed by one in 1849 in Vicksburg, Mississippi.
In 1850 Holland returned to western Massachusetts and became an editor of the Springfield Republican newspaper, working with the well known editor Samuel Bowles. Many of the essays Holland wrote for the paper in the decade before the Civil War were collected and published in book form, which helped to establish his literary reputation.
His first book was a History of Western Massachusetts. He followed in 1857 with an historical novel, Bay Path, and a collection of essays entitled Titcomb's Letters to Young People, Single and Married in 1858. In 1862, when Samuel Bowles took an extended trip to Europe, Holland temporarily assumed the duties as editor-in-chief of the Springfield Republican. After the Civil War he reduced his editorial duties and wrote many of his most popular works, including the Life of Abraham Lincoln (1866), and Kathrina (1867).
Holland wrote an eloquent eulogy of Abraham Lincoln within days of Lincoln's death, prompting a commission of a full biography of the late president. He quickly pulled together the lengthy Life of Abraham Lincoln, finished in February 1866, which portrayed Lincoln as an emancipator opposed to slavery. Although Holland wrote using "on-the-ground investigation," later historians noted that as a journalist with a deadline, the work had "the signs of hurry." His work also spurred Lincoln's law partner William Herndon to commence his own research and biography. Herndon was happy to help Holland, but did take issue with a tangential quote attributed to Lincoln in the work describing God's role in emancipation; Herndon believed Lincoln "had no religion more intense than a bland deism."
In 1868 Holland traveled to Europe, and while there he met Roswell Smith. Together they developed the idea of starting a magazine. When they returned to the United States in 1869, the two men collaborated with Charles Scribner to publish Scribner's Monthly. The first issue was published in 1870 with Holland as editor.
These years in New York were also productive for his own literary efforts. During the 1870s he published three novels: Arthur Bonicastle (1873), Sevenoaks (1875), and Nicholas Minturn (1877). His poetry volumes included The Marble Prophecy (1872), The Mistress and the Manse (1874), and The Puritan's Guest (1881).
Holland died on October 12, 1881, at the age of 62, in New York City. Holland is buried in Springfield Cemetery in Springfield, Massachusetts. His gravestone includes a bas-relief portrait sculpted by eminent American 19th-century sculptor, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, and includes the Latin inscription "Et vitam impendere vero" meaning "to devote life to truth".
Although his literary products are rarely read today, during the late nineteenth century they were enormously popular, and more than half a million volumes of Holland's writings were sold. He is also remembered today for his contributions as an editor. Holland and his wife were frequent correspondents and family friends of poet Emily Dickinson.
- Author and Book Info .com
- "Holland, Josiah Gilbert". Biographical Encyclopedia of Massachusetts of the Nineteenth Century. v.2. Boston: Metropolitan Publishing and Engraving Company. 1883. pp. 181–188.
- Guelzo, Allen (September 2018). "Lincoln and His Biographers". Civil War History. 64 (3): 242–243.
- Barrows, Charles H. (1907). The Poets and Poetry of Springfield in Massachusetts. Springfield, MA: Connecticut Valley Historical Society. p. 40. Retrieved June 18, 2010.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Cousin, John William (1910). "Holland, Josiah Gilbert". A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature. London: J. M. Dent & Sons – via Wikisource.
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- Works by Josiah Gilbert Holland at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Josiah Gilbert Holland at Internet Archive
- Works by or about Timothy Titcomb at Internet Archive
- Works by Josiah Gilbert Holland at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
- Holland Collection of Literary Letters, University of Colorado Boulder