|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's 10th district
March 4, 1891 – March 3, 1897
|Born||April 14, 1837
Morgan County, Alabama
|Died||February 10, 1904 (aged 66)
|Spouse(s)||Josephine Rice Patterson|
|Children||Malcolm Rice Patterson
Mary Louisa Patterson
Ann Eliza Patterson
|Allegiance||Confederate States of America|
|Service/branch||Confederate States Army|
|Unit||1st Alabama Cavalry Regiment
5th Alabama Cavalry Regiment
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
Patterson was born in Morgan County, Alabama. He attended local schools and the Somerville Academy in Somerville, Alabama. He then studied law, and in 1859 was admitted to the bar. He began his practice in Morgan County. He married Josephine Rice on December 22, 1859 in Morgan County, Alabama. They had three children, Malcolm Rice, Mary Louisa, and Ann Eliza.
In September 1861, early in the American Civil War, Patterson enlisted the Confederate Army. The following year, he was commissioned a first lieutenant in the 1st Alabama Cavalry Regiment. Patterson was promoted through the ranks until he became a colonel and was assigned command of the 5th Alabama Cavalry Regiment. He served in Gen. Philip Dale Roddey's brigade for the remainder of the war, mostly in North Alabama. Surrendering with his regiment at the war's end in May 1865, Patterson returned home and resumed his law practice.
Patterson was elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-second, Fifty-third, and Fifty-fourth Congresses. He served from March 4, 1891 to March 3, 1897. Patterson was an unsuccessful candidate for re-election to the Fifty-fifth Congress as a Gold Democrat. He continued his law practice in Memphis until he died.
Patterson's son, Malcolm Rice Patterson (June 7, 1861–March 8, 1935), served as governor of Tennessee from 1907 to 1911. His granddaughter, Virginia Foster Durr (August 6, 1903-February 24, 1999), was a friend of Rosa Parks and active in the Civil Rights Movement.
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