Josias von Heeringen

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Josias von Heeringen
Josias von Heeringen c1914.jpg
General Josias von Heeringen c. 1914
Born 9 March 1850
Kassel, Electorate of Hesse
Died 9 October 1926(1926-10-09) (aged 76)
Berlin-Charlottenburg, Germany
Allegiance  German Empire
Service/branch Flag of the German Empire.svg Imperial German Army
Years of service 1867–1918
Rank Generaloberst
Commands held
Battles/wars Franco-Prussian War
World War I
Awards Pour le Mérite with Oakleaves

Josias von Heeringen (9 March 1850 – 9 October 1926) was a German general of the imperial era who saw service in the First World War.

Life and military career[edit]

Heeringen was born in Kassel in the Electorate of Hesse. He was the son of Josias von Heeringen (1809–1885) and his wife Ehefrau Karoline von Starkloff (1817–1871). His younger brother August von Heeringen (* 26. November 1855 in Kassel; † 29. September 1927 in Berlin) served as a high marine officer and was leader of naval staff. Josias von Heeringen married in 1874 Augusta von Dewall. After a lengthy military career he became a major in the ministry of war. From 1892 to 1895 he was head of department in the General Staff. In 1898 he was appointed a Major-General and made head of the army's department within the ministry of war.

In 1901 he was made a Generalleutnant and in 1903 became head of the 22nd Division.[1] In 1906 he was made a General der Infanterie, and also commander of the II Army Corps, whose headquarters was in Stettin. From 1909 to 1913 he was Prussian Minister of War, then became General Inspector of the II Army Inspectorate, headquartered in Berlin.

He took command of the Seventh Army in August 1914 – the army which was being used as a decoy for the attempted German invasion of France – and successfully defended Alsace against the French in the Battle of Mulhouse, for which he was awarded the Pour le Mérite (28 August 1915). He was awarded the Oakleaves on 28 August 1916.[2] He commanded the Seventh Army until 1916 when he was transferred to coastal command in Germany for the duration of the war. He left active service with the rank of a Colonel General.

From 1918 to 1926 he was president of the Kyffhäuserbund. From September 1914 he was an honorary citizen of the city of Kassel. He died on 9 October 1926 in Berlin-Charlottenburg.


  1. ^ "The Prussian Machine". Retrieved 27 October 2012. 
  2. ^ "Pour le Mérite". Retrieved 27 October 2012. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Karl von Einem
Prussian Minister of War
Succeeded by
Erich von Falkenhayn
Military offices
Preceded by
General der Kavallerie Arnold von Langenbeck
Commander, II Corps
21 September 1906 – 1 September 1909
Succeeded by
General der Infanterie Alexander von Linsingen
Preceded by
Formed from II Army Inspectorate
(II. Armee-Inspektion)
Commander, 7th Army
2 August 1914 – 28 August 1916
Succeeded by
General der Artillerie Richard von Schubert
Preceded by
Generaloberst Ludwig von Falkenhausen
Commander, High Command of Coastal Defence
29 August 1916 – 19 September 1918
Succeeded by