Josif Rajačić

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Josif Rajačić
Josif Rajačić-Brinski
Church Serbian Orthodox Church
Metropolis Sremski Karlovci
Installed 1848
Term ended 1861
Predecessor Stefan Stanković
Successor Samuilo
Orders
Rank Patriarch
Personal details
Born 20 July 1785
Lučani, Brinje, Habsburg Monarchy
Died 1 December 1861
Sremski Karlovci, Austro-Hungarian Empire
Denomination Eastern Orthodox
Occupation Administrator of Serbian Vojvodina

Josif Rajačić (20 July 1785 – 1 December 1861; Serbian Cyrillic: Јосиф Рајачић, also known as Josif Rajačić-Brinski) was a metropolitan of Sremski Karlovci, Serbian Patriarch, administrator of Serbian Vojvodina and baron.

Life[edit]

Rajačić was born in Lučani, a former village near Brinje in Lika (then Habsburg Monarchy, today Croatia). He studied in Zagreb, Karlovci, Szeged and Vienna before dropping out to join the army in 1809 during the War of the Fifth Coalition. On 10 April 1810, he became a monk of the Serb Orthodox Church in Gomirje Monastery.[1]

On 24 June 1829 he became the Eparch of Dalmatia. On 5 July 1833 he became the Eparch of Vršac. In August 1842, he was named the Metropolitan of Karlovci.[1]

At the May Assembly of Serbs in Sremski Karlovci in 1848, from the balcony of the Sremski Karlovci town hall, he was appointed Patriarch of the Serbs, while Stevan Šupljikac was chosen as the first Duke (Voivode) of Serbian Vojvodina. Apart from being a spiritual leader, Rajačić shared political and military leadership of Serbs at the time of war.[citation needed]

Proclamation of Serbian Vojvodina in 1848 in Sremski Karlovci – Josif Rajačić is a central figure in this picture

He became administrator of Serbian Vojvodina, and was head of the new Serb government (praviteljstvo) of Vojvodina. Rajačić formed an alliance with the House of Habsburg so as to silence the 1848 Hungarian Revolution. After the Hungarians were defeated, Rajačić was nominated civil commissioner of Vojvodina by the Austrian Empire.[citation needed]

Rajačić assisted the educational development of the Serb people in the Austrian Empire. In the time when he was metropolitan of Sremski Karlovci, many new Serbian schools were opened. He opened the Patriarchal Library and Print Works. Rajačić spent much of his energy attempting to bring Vojvodina under Serbian administration. On 5 June 1848, on the day of Josip Jelačić's inauguration as Ban of Croatia, Jelačić was appointed Ban in the Patriarch's presence due to Juraj Haulik's current absence from Zagreb.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Stevan Šupljikac
as Duke
Commissioner of Serbian Vojvodina
15 December 1848 – 1849
Succeeded by
Franz Joseph
as Grand Duke
Succeeded by
Ferdinand Mayerhofer
as Governor of the
Voivodeship of Serbia and
Banat of Temeschwar
Eastern Orthodox Church titles
Vacant
Title last held by
Kalinik II
as Patriarch of Serbs
(Patriarch of Peć)
Patriarch of Serbs
(Patriarchate of Karlovci)

1 May 1848 – 13 December 1861
Succeeded by
Samuilo
Preceded by
Stefan Stanković
Metropolitan of Karlovci
1842–1848
Raising to Patriarchate
Preceded by
Maksim Manuilović
Bishop of Vršac
1833–1842
Succeeded by
Stefan Popović
Preceded by
Venedikt Kraljević
Bishop of Dalmatia
1829–1833
Succeeded by
Pantelejmon Živković